Trindade, Jayane Pinheiro
23 February 2015
A partir de uma perspectiva genealógica, o presente trabalho, de cunho teórico conceitual, aborda o atual campo da saúde mental, em específico, de álcool e outras drogas. O atual contexto, por vezes, é dominado por perspectivas criminalizante e medicalizante no que diz respeito ao uso e aos cuidados aos usuários de drogas. Diante disto, tivemos a pretensão de questionar tais práticas reducionistas a luz das análises do poder realizadas pela perspectiva genealógica de Michel Foucault, focalizando em específico, a função estratégica da Internação Compulsória hoje para usuários de crack em situação de rua, a exemplo das cracolândias, nas capitais São Paulo e Rio de Janeiro. Esta internação, prevista em lei, é uma medida tomada em casos pontuais e específicos, respaldada por ordem judicial, indicada quando a pessoa está pondo em risco sua própria vida ou a de terceiros e quando já se esgotaram todos os outros recursos de intervenção. A metodologia empregada foi à genealogia, com o intuito de compreender alguns jogos de força construídos ao longo da história e analisar como estes ainda operam e se atualizam no contemporâneo. A genealogia (Poder-Saber) de Michel Foucault busca analisar o aparecimento dos saberes, que se dá a partir de condições de possibilidades externas aos próprios saberes, ou seja, os situam como elementos de um dispositivo de natureza essencialmente estratégica. Foucault assinala a existência de uma rede de micro-poderes articulados ao Estado e que permeiam toda a estrutura social. Assim, procuramos analisar o poder partindo não do seu centro (Estado), mas a partir desses micro-poderes que permeiam a estrutura social, considerando suas relações com a estrutura mais geral do poder que seria o Estado. Para isso utilizamos algumas pesquisas e reflexões de Michel Foucault acerca do poder disciplinar e do biopoder. Partimos dessas reflexões na tentativa de entender outras possibilidades de ampliação das práticas de cuidado referentes aos usuários de crack em situação de rua. From a genealogical perspective, this theoretical and conceptual work, addresses the current field of mental health, in particular, alcohol and other drugs. The current context sometimes is dominated by criminalizing and medicalized perspectives with regard to the use and care for drug users. Therefore, we have claimed to question such reductionist practices in the light of power analyzes carried out by Michel Foucault‟s genealogical perspective, focusing in particular, the strategic function of Compulsory Admission, used today for crack users in the streets, like the cracolândias in São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro cities.This hospitalization provided by law, is an action taken in individual and specific cases, backed by court order, indicated when the person is endangering his own life or that of third parties and has already exhausted all other intervention resources. The methodology used was the genealogy, in order to understand some power games built throughout history and analyze how these still operate and are updated in the contemporary. Michel Foucault‟s genealogy (Power-Know) analyzes the onset of knowledge, which takes place from conditions of external possibilities for own knowledge, that is, lie them as elements of a strategic nature essentially device. Foucault points out the existence of a network of articulated micro powers to the State and that permeate the entire social structure. For that we used some research and Michel Foucault´s reflections on the disciplinary power and biopower. Thus, from these reflections on trying to understand other possibilities of expansion of the practice regarding crack users in the streets.
CAPS AD III : entre a cor cinza da técnico-burocracia e as cores vibrantes que articulam clínica e políticaMartins, João Sampaio 23 July 2015 (has links)
Este trabalho tem como proposta analisar a relação oportuna da Política do Ministério da Saúde para Atenção Integral a Usuários de Álcool e outras Drogas (PAIUAD) com o Centro de Atenção Psicossocial Álcool e outras Drogas (CAPS AD) Primavera, em Aracaju SE. A publicação desta política, em 2003, introduziu na máquina do Estado todo um ideário e um novo vocabulário que lhe dotaram de intensa força instituinte, nos interessando pensar como isso se implementa por dentro deste CAPS. O problema de pesquisa foi engendrado e analisado a partir de quatro ferramentas metodológicas: cartografia, genealogia, pesquisa documental e caderno-diário.O cotidiano de um serviço como este é permeado pela coexistência e permanente tensão de forças, de modo que a investigação desenvolvida neste trabalho buscou acompanhar os movimentos de algumas das linhas de força que compõe e atravessam este serviço para, assim, apontar práticas que se articulam ao saber/poder médico sanitarista, atualizando mecanismos biopolíticos de controle da população, e as práticas que escapam dessa captura produzindo outras formas de lidar com o uso e com usuários de álcool e outras drogas. Em linhas gerais, nossos achados apontam que quando o CAPS AD Primavera produz práticas de verticalização das relações, burocratiza seu fluxo interno e dispositivos de cuidados e funciona de forma enCAPSulada, ele limita os princípios e diretriz da PAIUAD e atualiza estratégias de poder do saber médico sanitarista. Numa direção contrária, quando as práticas neste serviço enfatizam a horizontalização das relações, a abertura para o território e articulação entre clínica e política, elas fortalecem os princípios e diretrizes da PAIUAD, bem como potencializam a produção da autonomia dos sujeitos e coletividades. This paper aims to analyze the propitious relation between the Integral Care to Users of Alcohol and other Drugs Policy (ICUADP) of Health Ministry and CAPS AD Primavera (Primavera Psycho-social Assistance Center to Alcohol and other Drugs), Aracaju SE. The publication of this policy, in 2003, brought to the machine of Government a whole body of political, social, and economic ideas and new vocabulary, which endowed this policy with intense founding strength, arousing our interest in thinking how it is implemented inside this, CAPS. The research issue was engendered and analyzed taking into consideration four methodological tools: cartography, genealogy, documentary research and daily journal. The everyday routine of a service like this one is permeated by the coexistence and permanent tension of forces; so that the research developed throughout this study sought to observe some lines of force that are part of this service and go through it, thus aiming to point out practices which articulate to the sanitary medical knowledge/power, updating the bio-political mechanisms of population control, and the practices which escape from this capture, producing other forms of dealing with alcohol and other drugs use and users. In general, our findings indicate that by producing verticalizing practices of relationship, the CAPS AD Primavera bureaucratizes its internal flow and care and functions in an enCAPSulated way; it limits the principles and policy of the ICUADP and updates sanitary medical knowledge power strategies. In an opposite direction, when the practice in this service emphasizes the horizontalization of the relationships, the opening to the territory and the articulation of clinic and policy, the principles and policy of the ICUADP are strengthened and the production of individuals´ and communities´ autonomy is empowered.
Oliveira, Fernanda Caldas Rabelo de
23 February 2015
O universo das práticas do uso abusivo de drogas é ligado a diversas forças intercessoras relacionadas às emergentes Políticas Públicas de Saúde, especificamente na interface entre a Atenção Básica e a Saúde Mental. Inserido neste campo temático com abordagem teórica, este estudo tem por objetivo propor articulações entre questões que envolvem o processo de desinstitucionalização e o cuidado no território às pessoas que experienciam o uso problemático do álcool e/ou outras drogas, em situação de rua. Ultrapassando a ideia de um lugar físico, geográfico, e entendendo território como um conjunto de referências sociais, culturais e econômicas que delineiam o cotidiano e o projeto de vida do sujeito, uma das questões norteadoras do campo conceitual deste estudo é como ofertar e produzir cuidado no território dessas pessoas. Uma segunda problemática não menos importante é em que medida essas práticas itinerantes recaem ou podem recair numa estratégia de biopoder, agindo como controle da população e na formatação dos indivíduos. Dialogando com a genealogia do poder/saber proposta por Michel Foucault, podemos compreender as tecnologias de poder e os efeitos produzidos do saberpoder, bem como as relações de forças e dos mecanismos de controle que estão sendo utilizados nas práticas de atenção e cuidado aos usuários de drogas em vivência de rua. No entanto, pensamos como possibilidade de escape ao controle biopolítico um modelo de clínica no espaço habitado apostando na produção de modos de cuidado no contexto abordado. The universe of the abuse of drugs is connected to forces of the interference of the emerging health public policies, especially in the interface between the basic attention and mental health.Inserting the theoretical approach in this subject, this study proposes joints between the questions involving the process of thedeinstitutionalization and caring in the territory to people who experience the use of alcohol and other drugs in the streets.Exceeding the idea of a physical and geographical space, and understanding the territory as a set of social, cultural and economic references that outline the everyday and the life project of the person, one of the main questions of the concept of this study is how to offer and produce caring in the territory of these people. A second but not least important matter is in which measure these practices could fall in a strategy of biopower, acting as a control on the population and in their development. In a dialogue with the genealogy of power/knowledge proposal by Michael Foucault, we can understand the technologies of power and the effects produced by the power-knowledge, as well as the relations of forces and the control mechanisms that are being used in the practics of attention and caring to the drug addictts in the streets. However, we think in the possibility of a model of clinic, with no biopolitical control in the inhabited space, betting on the caring ways of the approached context.
A lousa digital interactiva na rede pública municipal de ensino em Aracaju : uma tecnologia digital de informação e comunicação como veetor de transformação culturalPereira, Max Augusto Franco 31 March 2015 (has links)
Este trabalho busca investigar as potencialidades das Lousas Digitais Interativas (LDI) instaladas em escolas da Rede Pública Municipal de Ensino de Aracaju (RPMEA), com o objetivo de pesquisar o processo de utilização dessa Tecnologia Digital de Informação e Comunicação pelos profissionais do magistério nas escolas do Ensino Fundamental. A pesquisa fundamenta-se no levantamento das características técnico-operacionais da Lousa Digital Interativa, modelos Epson BrightLink® 450/455Wi, como ferramenta de apoio aos processos de ensino e aprendizagem na sala de aula; no estudo da genealogia da sala de aula como ambiente social de significados do processo de educação; na significação e na interdependência entre cultura e educação e na apresentação da transformação da cultura de massas para a cultura das mídias digitais até a cibercultura, como novo paradigma de experiências e subjetividades em conflito com o modelo tradicional da educação escolar, para identificar e analisar quais são as variáveis que dificultam e que contribuem para o desuso da LDI nas Escolas Municipais de Ensino Fundamental da RPMEA, investigadas entre março de 2012 e dezembro de 2014. A metodologia de pesquisa utilizada quanto ao objetivo é exploratório-explicativa, de abordagem quanti-qualitativa, de natureza das fontes documental e de campo levantadas na sede da SEMED e em cinco escolas da RPMEA selecionadas, utilizando-se das técnicas de coleta sistemática de dados através de observações, análises comparativas e registros textuais e fotográficos das condições de instalação da LDI e das redes de suporte técnico e da infraestrutura correspondentes, bem como de entrevistas semi-estruturadas com profissionais lotados na administração, no suporte técnico-pedagógico da SEMED e nas unidades escolares da RPMEA. A análise das fontes seguiu a linha da hipótese proposta, a qual foi confirmada com a execução dos objetivos definidos, permitindo a resposta conclusiva ao problema de pesquisa de que as variáveis que dificultam os objetivos de operacionalização da LDI e de introdução da Cultura das Mídias Digitais na RPMEA são resultantes das contradições entre as aspirações político-pedagógicas do planejamento do ensino da SEMED, os requisitos disponibilizados para a infraestrutura e o suporte técnico nas EMEF e a inconsistência do programa de formação dos profissionais do magistério. This paper investigates the potential of Interactive Digital Whiteboards (LDI) installed in schools Municipal Public Network Aracaju Teaching (RPMEA), in order to find the process of using this Digital Technology of Information and Communication by teaching professionals in schools of elementary school. The research is based on survey of the technical and operational characteristics of the Interactive Digital Whiteboard, Epson models BrightLink® 450 / 455Wi, as a support tool for teaching and learning in the classroom; in the study of genealogy of the classroom as a social environment meanings of the education process; the significance and interdependence between culture and education and the presentation of the transformation of mass culture to the culture of digital media to the cyberculture, as new paradigm of experiences and subjectivities in conflict with the traditional model of school education, to identify and analyze which are the variables that make it difficult and contribute to the disuse of LDI in Elementary Education Municipal Schools in RPMEA, investigated between March 2012 and December 2014. The research methodology as the goal is exploratory and explanatory, of quantitative and qualitative approach, the nature of documentary sources and field raised at the headquarters of SEMED and five RPMEA schools selected, using the systematic gathering of technical data through observation, benchmarking and textual and photographic records of installation conditions and the LDI the technical support of networks and the associated infrastructure, s well as semi-structured interviews with professionals crowded in administration, technical and pedagogical support of SEMED and school units RPMEA. The analysis of the sources followed the line of the hypothesis, which was confirmed with the execution of the defined goals, allowing conclusive answer to the research problem that the variables that hinder the implementation of objectives of LDI and introduction of the Digital Media Culture in RPMEA are the result of the contradictions between the political and educational aspirations of the SEMED education planning, requirements made available for infrastructure and technical support in EMEF and the inconsistency of the training program for teaching professionals.
Paul among the apocalypses? : an evaluation of the 'apocalyptic Paul' in the context of Jewish and Christian apocalyptic literatureDavies, James P. 2015 (has links)
One of the most lively and enduring debates in New Testament studies is the question of the significance of ‘apocalyptic' thought in Paul. This has recently given birth to a group of scholars, with a common theological genealogy, who share a concern to emphasise the ‘apocalyptic' nature of Paul's gospel. Leading figures of this group are J. Louis Martyn, Martinus de Boer, Beverly Gaventa and Douglas Campbell. The work of this group has not been received without criticism, drawing fire from various quarters. However, what is often lacking (on both sides) is detailed engagement with the texts of the Jewish and Christian apocalypses. This dissertation attempts to evaluate the ‘apocalyptic Paul' movement through an examination of its major theological emphases in the light of the Jewish apocalypses 1 Enoch, 4 Ezra, 2 Baruch and the Christian book of Revelation. Placing Paul in this literary and historical context confirms his place as an apocalyptic thinker, but raises important questions about how this is construed in these recent approaches. Each chapter will address one of four interrelated themes: epistemology, eschatology, cosmology and soteriology. The study intends to suggest that the ‘apocalyptic Paul' movement is characterised at key points in each area by potentially false dichotomies, strict dualisms which unnecessarily screen out what Paul's apocalyptic thought affirms.
Food aid, power and profit : an historical analysis of the relation between food aid and governance in SudanJaspars, Susanne Sophia Elisabeth 2015 (has links)
Sudan represents one of the world's most severe protracted crises and the country is one of the world's longest-running and largest recipients of food aid. The recent Darfur conflict led to the World Food Programme's largest operation globally. Yet by 2014 international agencies had only limited access to war-affected populations and had decreased food aid despite ongoing conflict, and the Sudan government had come to control who received food aid. Malnutrition levels remained high. This thesis argues that the 'actually existing development' resulting from long-term food aid has benefited the Sudan government and private sector but abandons populations to become resilient to permanent emergency. Using concepts of governmentality and genealogy, the thesis explores how food aid regimes of practices have co-evolved with local governance. It analyses the links between practices, their underlying concepts and assumptions, the truths they produce, and the actual as well as intended effects. The focus is on their effects on human behaviour, power relations and political economy, and the implications for local livelihoods. Methods included examining policy documents, project reports, and interviews with government officials, aid workers, traders, transporters and beneficiaries in Khartoum and North Darfur. Shifts between regimes of practices were brought about by changes in global politics, food crises, the failures of food aid practices and reactions by the Sudan government, which led to a gradual depoliticisation and neoliberalisation of food security and nutrition. In fifty years, food aid has rarely had the effect of saving lives and supporting livelihoods, but the consequences for Sudan's political economy and its aid system have been enormous. The thesis analyses these political and economic consequences and how long-term food aid has led to the Sudan government's own food aid apparatus. The research contributes to knowledge about the political economy of aid and highlights the need for radical reform of the aid industry.
Pyrsou, Bubukee Chloe Aggelos
This thesis investigates trans-embodiment by outlining diverse forms of understanding of what it means to become trans- through various theoretical frameworks, drawing from queer and transtheory, medical discourse, the philosophical preconditions of their emergence and their interrelation. As such it explores and discusses different discursive positions- often contradictory and conflicting - that I as a transgendering subject have found myself "in between" at various spaces and times, in order to sketch a plethora of perspectives. It offers an alternative to the current deadlock between essentialist theories of the subject and queer appropriations oftransgender experience, by showing both their limitations and their strengths in addressing transgender embodiment. This is accomplished by my writing alongside specific events and their consequences in my understanding and positionality of self. Furthermore, I juxtapose and intertwine this life -writing with an analytics of power that investigates the particularities which usually go unacknowledged, as a response to the homologous positions in which the trans-subject has been traditionally positioned. Using an authoethnographic methodology that is situated within the narrative turn in the social sciences, this project aims to address socio-political issues in relation to embodiment, as these are understood through a range of poststructuralist authors. In effect, it documents and problematises the process of transitioning between genders, by arguing that the 'I' that seems in authority in an investigation of its subject position is instead contingent on the availability of social narratives and spaces that a body transverses. In order to explore such contingency, the thesis employs diverse conceptualizations in a genealogical journey through the various discourses that together form a practice that reflects a rhizomatic sensibility of the parallel movement of entanglement between theory and embodiment. Consequently, by elevating the importance of located knowledges within a terrain monopolised by dominant abstractions, the study concludes in an open-ended manner, whilst remaining firmly situated in the value of local and specific, reflexive and performative accounts.
This thesis examines the taste for sets of easel portraits in England during the reigns of Elizabeth I and James VI and I. Looking primarily at sets of historical figures, particularly English kings and queens, the thesis aims to assess the extent of the fashion and identify the audience for such sets. The material qualities of the paintings are discussed and the methods of production, as well as the function and meaning of specific sets. The first chapter examines the evidence for the earliest portrait sets of this type in England and suggests that innovations in art and architecture at Court had a significant influence on the development of the genre. The earliest evidence for portrait sets in aristocratic collections is examined and specific examples of early known sets are discussed. The second and third chapters look at the intellectual context in which the fashion for portrait sets emerged. It is suggested that humanist ideas about the display of portraiture and related artistic trends on the continent contributed to the emerging demand for this type of painting in England. It is argued that the widespread interest in history, genealogy and antiquarianism at this time led to a demand for images of historical figures. In addition, it is suggested that portrait sets were often used to communicate messages of legitimacy and authority by implying that a family or institution had an illustrious and lengthy lineage. The final two chapters discuss known portrait sets in detail and include case studies of specific sets. The fourth chapter focuses on sets of English kings and queens and the fifth chapter on sets of illustrious figures drawn from various categories of famous men and women. The latter includes case studies of a set formerly at Weston, Warwickshire and a set at Knole, Kent.
[Of degrees and villas : writing and reading 'testimonios' of high school graduates from a shanty town in Buenos Aires in their attempts to access and succeed in post-compulsory education studies.] This is not a thesisDel Monte, Pablo 2015 (has links)
This work is a collection of chapters that revolve around the issues of representing and interpreting the educational experiences of students who live in a disadvantaged neighbourhood in Buenos Aires, in their attempts to succeed in post-compulsory education (higher and further Education). The work presents the story of a student from this population in the form of a testimonio, a methodological discussion on the nature and uses of testimonio in the light of Foucauldian genealogy principles, a proposal for the ethical exercise of reading and writing the testimonios produced, and three exercises of interpretation which address and problematize assumptions that operate in the understanding of villas and their inhabitants. The methodological discussion draws on principles of ethnography and Foucauldian genealogy to consider the use and nature of stories for the purposes of doing research. It presents and discusses the Latin American testimonio as a form of account that intends to represent the voice of subaltern groups with the aim of contributing to social change. The ethical discussion will look closely at the ways in which the researcher becomes a subject while doing research, both in his/her relationship with the object of study and in the relationship with his/herself. In this sense, it will look at the violence involved in the production of knowledge that is exerted in relation to an ‘object’ of study. Finally, this work includes three exercises of interpretation aimed at re-thinking villas through ‘using and troubling’ conceptual tools in the reading of the testimonios co-constructed in this research. The idea of villas as neighbourhoods abandoned by the State, separated from the city and outside the norm is re-thought. The interpretations produced in this set of chapters will look at the complexity of the position of the students producing testimonios in their condition as inhabitants of villas.
"What's the problem of 'health inequality' represented to be?" : a post-structuralist analysis of English public health policy 1980-2011Kriznik, Natasha Marie 2015 (has links)
The analysis of policies designed to address health inequalities, or more broadly speaking “differences in health”, tends to focus on evaluating policies in order to determine their effectiveness and to improve the design of future interventions. Such approaches are concerned with problem-solving as opposed to problem-questioning. Consequently there is little exploration of how the problem of “differences in health” is problematised in these policies, how policy problematisations change over time, and how governable subjects are produced as a result of problematisations of problems. Bacchi’s (1999, 2009) “What’s the problem represented to be?” framework, informed by Foucault’s theory of governmentality and methods of problematisation, archaeology and genealogy, was used to analyse 32 English public health policy documents in order to address these questions. Following the analysis, three problematisations of “differences in health” and their corresponding governable subjects were identified: the Informational problematisation and the “responsible chooser”; the Constraints problematisation and the “constrained chooser”; and the Paternalistic Libertarian problematisation and the “flawed chooser”. The archaeological analysis made it possible to identify underlying frameworks of thought which shaped policy problematisations of “differences in health” at specific points in time. The genealogical analysis suggested that while new problematisations emerged over time as the result of contingent conditions allowing for the development of new ideas, ultimately there was a consistent concern across all the period with understanding how individuals make choices about their health and how best to ensure people made healthy choices in order to reduce “differences in health”. This is clearly demonstrated through the identification of subjects as “choosers” and helps to explain the continuing emphasis within public health on creating the “right conditions” to allow individuals to make healthy choices, and to encourage individuals to govern themselves when making choices about their health.
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