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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
121

Portrait sets in Tudor and Jacobean England

Daunt, Catherine 2015 (has links)
This thesis examines the taste for sets of easel portraits in England during the reigns of Elizabeth I and James VI and I. Looking primarily at sets of historical figures, particularly English kings and queens, the thesis aims to assess the extent of the fashion and identify the audience for such sets. The material qualities of the paintings are discussed and the methods of production, as well as the function and meaning of specific sets. The first chapter examines the evidence for the earliest portrait sets of this type in England and suggests that innovations in art and architecture at Court had a significant influence on the development of the genre. The earliest evidence for portrait sets in aristocratic collections is examined and specific examples of early known sets are discussed. The second and third chapters look at the intellectual context in which the fashion for portrait sets emerged. It is suggested that humanist ideas about the display of portraiture and related artistic trends on the continent contributed to the emerging demand for this type of painting in England. It is argued that the widespread interest in history, genealogy and antiquarianism at this time led to a demand for images of historical figures. In addition, it is suggested that portrait sets were often used to communicate messages of legitimacy and authority by implying that a family or institution had an illustrious and lengthy lineage. The final two chapters discuss known portrait sets in detail and include case studies of specific sets. The fourth chapter focuses on sets of English kings and queens and the fifth chapter on sets of illustrious figures drawn from various categories of famous men and women. The latter includes case studies of a set formerly at Weston, Warwickshire and a set at Knole, Kent.
122

"What's the problem of 'health inequality' represented to be?" : a post-structuralist analysis of English public health policy 1980-2011

Kriznik, Natasha Marie 2015 (has links)
The analysis of policies designed to address health inequalities, or more broadly speaking “differences in health”, tends to focus on evaluating policies in order to determine their effectiveness and to improve the design of future interventions. Such approaches are concerned with problem-solving as opposed to problem-questioning. Consequently there is little exploration of how the problem of “differences in health” is problematised in these policies, how policy problematisations change over time, and how governable subjects are produced as a result of problematisations of problems. Bacchi’s (1999, 2009) “What’s the problem represented to be?” framework, informed by Foucault’s theory of governmentality and methods of problematisation, archaeology and genealogy, was used to analyse 32 English public health policy documents in order to address these questions. Following the analysis, three problematisations of “differences in health” and their corresponding governable subjects were identified: the Informational problematisation and the “responsible chooser”; the Constraints problematisation and the “constrained chooser”; and the Paternalistic Libertarian problematisation and the “flawed chooser”. The archaeological analysis made it possible to identify underlying frameworks of thought which shaped policy problematisations of “differences in health” at specific points in time. The genealogical analysis suggested that while new problematisations emerged over time as the result of contingent conditions allowing for the development of new ideas, ultimately there was a consistent concern across all the period with understanding how individuals make choices about their health and how best to ensure people made healthy choices in order to reduce “differences in health”. This is clearly demonstrated through the identification of subjects as “choosers” and helps to explain the continuing emphasis within public health on creating the “right conditions” to allow individuals to make healthy choices, and to encourage individuals to govern themselves when making choices about their health.
123

'Knowledge as development' : a critique of the knowledge economy

Salam, Umar A. 2015 (has links)
The aim of this thesis is to provide a theoretical critique of the Knowledge Economy discourse, the dominant discourse in which development is equated with the economic exploitation of knowledge. The nature of the critique is political in the sense that the problem with 'building a knowledge economy' as a model for development is that the accounts (such as they are) of how to go about doing so seem fatally undermined by their neglect of questions of power and politics - questions which this thesis will argue are essential to understanding the relationship between knowledge and development. The emergence of the discourse itself and the way in which its ideas are implemented can also be seen in political terms, in that the depoliticisation of development that it entails is itself a political position. The thesis is structured as an introduction followed by three main parts and a conclusion. In the Introduction and Part 1, I explain the nature of the research and the methods used, and provide a genealogy of the Knowledge Economy (KE) discourse, which includes the empirical element of this research, namely a series of interviews with key actors in the emergence of the discourse. In so doing, I historicise the discourse within the specific institutional history and politics of the major organisations (World Bank and the OECD) which have done the most of any to promote it. From this I identify the key theoretical ideas (Human Capital Theory, Innovation Systems, Hayekian Neoliberalism, Information Economics and Endogenous Growth Theory) which underpin the discourse and which are then the subject of critical analysis in Part 2. I make the case that the Knowledge Economy should not be understood as a robust analytical framework, empirical methodology or policy template, but instead as the reconceptualisation of 'questions of knowledge' in terms of markets. Specifically, the discourse depends upon a number of qualitatively different ways in which knowledge can be represented in, and transformed by, the operations of markets. These representations derive from three main schools off economic thought. I describe how each offers a critique of the others and yet how the Knowledge Economy is obtained as a synthesis of the three. In Part 3, I firstly illustrate a case of the Knowledge Economy discourse in action, namely Higher Education reform in India. I explain how the approaches that were studied in Part 1 and which were developed at the World Bank and the OECD in the late 1990s and early 2000s were applied in practice in India in the mid 2000s. I argue that these applications illustrate the claims of Part 2 regarding knowledge and markets. I then describe the politicised nature of Indian Higher Education and argue that no satisfactory account can be given without an engagement with these political economy factors. Following on from this, I then consider how adopting a KE approach of conceptualising knowledge in terms of markets might be subject to various forms of political analysis and develop a political economy critique that synthesises three theoretical approaches: (a) the politics of markets; (b) commodification; and (c) governmentality. From this I conclude that the KE approach is fundamentally flawed as an account of development.
124

Quel cadre théorique et pratique pour l'utilisation de la sélection génomique dans l'amélioration génétique des chevaux ? Which theoretical and practical framework for the use of genomic selection in genetic evaluation of horses?

Brard, Sophie 8 October 2015 (has links)
La sélection génomique substitue à la connaissance de la généalogie celle des séquences d’ADN et connait un succès spectaculaire dans la sélection des bovins laitiers. En équin, le gain de précision pour les valeurs génétiques en CSO a été estimé faible entre la généalogie et la génomique, éventuellement à cause des particularités des populations d’apprentissage et de validation. L’objectif est de définir pour les races équines les conditions d’efficacité et de fonctionnement de la sélection génomique. La partie théorique de la thèse a consisté en une méta-analyse afin de comprendre le lien entre précision théorique et observée en fonction des paramètres des populations. L’étude a montré l’importance du nombre efficace de marqueurs Me. Ce paramètre spécifique de la population, de la structure génomique et de la parenté doit être évalué, au même titre que l’héritabilité en génétique classique. D’un point de vue pratique, la 1ère voie d’amélioration était de rechercher des gènes à effet majeur sur l’aptitude au concours de saut d’obstacles (CSO) ou au concours complet. Aucun gène majeur n’a été localisé malgré des détections significatives. Le 2nd levier pour améliorer l’estimation des valeurs génétiques en CSO était d’utiliser le Single-Step, méthode qui combine l’information génomique des étalons génotypés et la généalogie de l’ensemble des chevaux non génotypés utilisés pour l’indexation. L’évaluation pour le CSO a donc été revisitée. Malgré le re-calcul de l’héritabilité et l’application des points sur toute la période, le gain en précision reste faible. La sélection génomique a également été testée sur des chevaux d’endurance, mais comme pour le CSO les précisions obtenues pour le moment ne sont pas assez élevées pour justifier une utilisation de la sélection génomique. Récemment, un gène majeur agissant sur l’aptitude à trotter (DMRT3) a été identifié. Malgré l’effet très négatif d’un allèle sur la qualification et les performances précoces, le Trotteur français (TF) est polymorphe pour le gène à cause d’un effet positif de ce même allèle sur les performances tardives. La sélection classique et la sélection génomique ont été comparées en incluant ou non dans le modèle un marqueur lié à DMRT3, nous permettant d’identifier la meilleure combinaison de modèle et de méthode à utiliser pour estimer les valeurs génétiques du TF. Enfin, le paramètre Me a été estimé dans les populations de chevaux utilisées au cours de la thèse, et les résultats des évaluations génomiques ont été comparés en fonction de Me et des autres paramètres influant sur la précision de la sélection génomique. Deux nouveaux projets prévoyant de génotyper des chevaux de CSO d’une part et des TF d’autre part devraient permettre respectivement d’améliorer la précision de l’évaluation génomique en CSO et de confirmer l’intérêt de la prise en compte de DMRT3 dans l’évaluation génomique des TF. Genomic selection uses genotypes information instead of pedigree information for the estimation of breeding values. In dairy cattle, the selection schemes were greatly improved with this method. In horses, a first attempt of genomic selection showed that the evaluation accuracy was not much improved when using genotypes information compared to classic evaluation, possibly because of the structure of the reference and validation populations. The objective of the thesis was to define the theoretical and practical conditions for the use of genomic selection in horses. The theoretical work of the thesis consisted in a meta-analysis to understand the relation between observed and theoretical accuracy depending on the parameters of the population. We proved the importance of the effective number of independent segments in the genome Me. This parameter is specific of the population and of the genomic structure and relationship structure. We recommend to estimate this parameter before genomic evaluation, just like heritability that is estimated before genetic evaluation. Regarding practical tasks of the thesis, the first solution to improve the breeding values estimation for jumping performances was to look for genes having a major effect on performances in jumping competitions and three-day’s events, but no major gene was evidence in spite of significant detections. The 2nd solution was to perform a single-step evaluation. This method combines information from genotyped stallions and from the pedigree of the whole population. Even if the heritability was re-estimated and points distributed to all horses to have a homogeneous criteria, the accuracy of genomic evaluation was not much improved. Genomic selection was also tested on horses running endurance races, but as for jumping the accuracy was not high enough. Recently, a major gene having a huge effect on the ability of horses to trot was evidenced (DMRT3). Even if one allele has a negative effect on qualification and early earnings, French Trotter (FT) is still heterozygote because of a positive effect of this allele on late performances. Genetic and genomic evaluations were compared with or without using in the model a SNP linked to DMRT3 as a fixed effect. This study allowed identifying the best combination of model and method to use for estimation of FT breeding values. Finally, the parameter Me was estimated in the populations of horses used in the thesis. The results of genomic evaluations were compared according to Me and the other parameters having an influence on the accuracy of genomic evaluations. Two new projects will genotype more jumping horses and FT, they should allow to improve the accuracy of genomic evaluation for jumping horses and to acknowledge the interest of using DMRT3 in the genomic evaluation of FT.
125

Global/Airport

Denicke, Lars 23 September 2015 (has links)
Ausgehend von der These, Luftverkehr finde am Boden statt, entwickelt die am Institut für Kulturwissenschaft verteidigte Dissertation eine spezifische Geopolitik des Luftverkehrs. Der Luftverkehr wird dabei über seine Operationen am Boden und an Flughäfen untersucht. Der genaue Blick auf die technischen Details bei der Implementierung dieser Anlagen in machthistorisch entscheidenden Momenten des 20. Jahrhunderts ermöglicht eine Revision geopolitischen Denkens und eröffnet einen innovativen Zugang für eine Genealogie der Globalisierung. Die Dissertation analysiert die Bewegungen in der Luft auf ihre stets lokalen und immanent territorialen Dimensionen – und widerlegt so den vermeintlichen und häufig wiederholten Anspruch an den Luftverkehr, er sei das globale, raumvernichtende Verkehrssystem par excellence (Carl Schmitt, Paul Virilio, Martin Heidegger). Die Dissertation ist auch ein Beitrag zur Genealogie von Medientheorie, insofern sie unter Rückgriff auf Harold A. Innis die Übertragung nicht von Zeichen, sondern von Personen und Gütern zum Gegenstand hat. Historisch geht sie von der Kriegslogistik der USA im Zweiten Weltkrieg aus. Sie bezieht heterogene Quellen ein: politische Programme und Debatten, internationale Beziehungen; philosophische, juridische, ökonomische und urbanistische Diskurse; ingenieurstechnische Entwicklungen und militärische Doktrinen. Sie nimmt den Leser mit auf eine Reise über alle Meere und Kontinente mit Fokus auf Saudi-Arabien, Zentral- und Südafrika, Brasilien und den Nahen Osten, untersucht Ereignisse von den 1930er bis 1970er Jahren und endet mit einem Epilog zu den Anschlägen vom 9. September 2011. This dissertation develops a specific geopolitics of aviation, taking an original perspective as it starts with the assumption that air travel happens on the ground. The focus is on a thorough examination of the technical details for implementing the facilities of airports at moments decisive for the distribution of power in the 20th century. Geopolitical discourses are revised to enable an original understanding for the genealogy of globalisation. The dissertation analyses movements in the air with view on their immanent local and territorial dimensions. It breaks with the overcome understanding of aviation as a traffic system that is global and that destroys space as no other (Carl Schmitt, Paul Virilio, Martin Heidegger). The dissertation was disputed at the Institute for Cultural Studies. It is also a contribution to the genealogy of media theory, following in the footsteps of Harold A. Innis, as it focuses on the neglected transmission of goods and people instead of signs and codes. Starting point is the US military logistics in World War II. The heterogeneous material under review includes political programmes and debates; international relations; philosophical, juridical and economic discourses; urbanism, engineering and military doctrines. It takes the reader on a journey around the world, with focus on Saudi-Arabia, Central and Southern Africa, Brazil and the Near East, taking into account events from the 1930s to 1970s, and concluding with an epilogue on the events of 9/11.
126

The development of the Welsh country house : ‘dy lŷs enaid y wlad/your court, the soul of the land’

Baker, Mark 2015 (has links)
This thesis focuses on two main themes in the architectural history of the country house in Wales, investigating firstly its development, and secondly some of the distinctively Welsh features of these houses. It argues that both themes have been marginal in recent historiography of Welsh architecture, culture and society. In this work, houses owned by families of Welsh descent are discussed to ascertain whether ethnicity and nationhood are actually identifiable in the architecture. Critical analysis of built fabric is supplemented and supported by primary sources such as the poetry of the bards, building accounts and records, architectural drawings, travel journals, photographs, works of art and a variety of secondary sources. In this thesis, it becomes apparent that one of the most distinctive features of country houses in Wales is the unit-system. This form of dual planning is a peculiarly Welsh feature, enabling two ‘households’ to co-exist simultaneously, adjacent to each other but not necessarily physically connected. Such forms of building are absent from most regions of England, and its presence here is due to differences in the development of the Welsh family. The existence of a different legal system and associated customs in Wales, such as the prominence of gavelkind and female inheritance, are thus expressed in physical form. This practice has set a precedent for design and planning which has influenced a distinctly Welsh country house plan, based not only upon the need to accommodate several family members but also on a desire to preserve the domestic property of their ancestors as a physical manifestation of precedency, pedigree and memory. This elevation of genealogy is a defining feature among Welsh gentry families, who distinguished themselves not by wealth but by blood, which in England became reversed. The development of the Welsh country house offered an alternative form of nationalism, which was multifaceted in nature, and formed an essential element of architectural history in Wales.
127

Evolutionary Dynamics of a Multiple-Ploidy System in Arabidopsis Arenosa

Arnold, Brian 2015 (has links)
Whole-genome duplication (WGD), which leads to polyploidy, has been implicated in speciation and biological novelty. In plants, many species have experienced historical bouts of WGD or exhibit extant ploidy variation, which is likely representative of an early stage in the evolution of new polyploid lineages. To elucidate the evolutionary dynamics of autopolyploids and species with multiple ploidy levels, I develop population genetic theory in Chapter 2 that I use in Chapter 4 to extract information about the evolutionary history of Arabidopsis arenosa, a European wildflower that has diploid and autotetraploid populations. Chapter 3 involves a separate project exploring the ascertainment bias in restriction site associated DNA sequencing (RADseq). In Chapter 2, I develop coalescent models for autotetraploid species with tetrasomic inheritance and show that the ancestral genetic process in a large population without recombination may be approximated using Kingman’s standard coalescent, with a coalescent effective population size 4N. Using this result, I was able to use existing coalescent simulation programs to show in Chapter 4 that, in A. arenosa, a widespread autotetraploid race arose from a single ancestral population. This autopolyploidization event was not accompanied by immediate reproductive isolation between diploids and tetraploids in this species, as I find evidence of extensive interploidy admixture between diploid and tetraploid populations that are geographically close. To draw these conclusions about population history in Chapter 4, I used a reduced representation genome-sequencing approach based on restriction digestion. However, I was bothered by the possibility that sampling chromosomes based on restriction digestion may introduce a bias in allele frequency estimation due to polymorphisms in restriction sites. To explore the effects of this nonrandom sampling and its sensitivity to different evolutionary parameters, we developed a coalescent-simulation framework in Chapter 3 to mimic the biased recovery of chromosomes in RAdseq experiments. We show that loci with missing haplotypes have estimated diversity statistic values that can deviate dramatically from true values and are also enriched for particular genealogical histories. These results urge caution when applying this technique to make population genetic inferences and helped me tailor analyses in Chapter 4 to accommodate for this particular method of DNA sequencing. Biology, Organismic and Evolutionary
128

Y-STR profiling of four South African populations using the University of the Western Cape 10 locus set

Tsiana, Kebareng Jacobeth 2015 (has links)
>Magister Scientiae - MSc In this study the 10 Y-specific loci of the University of the Western Cape (DYS710, DYS518 385a/b, DYS644, DYS612, DYS626, DYS504, DYS447, DYS447, and DYS481) were analysed in 492 individuals from South African population groups. Four different populations namely; Zulu, Coloured, Afrikaner and Asian Indian were sampled. A total of 488 haplotypes were observed, 412 of which were unique. Haplotype diversity was 0.9981. Gene Diversity values ranged from 0.8075 for DYS447 to 0.9209 for DYS710. The discriminatory capacity was 0.9106 which is high. The study showed that the University of the Western Cape 10 locus is a powerful discrimination tool for routine forensic applications and could be used in genealogical investigations as compared to other commercial kits when used on the South African populations (Zulu, Coloured, Afrikaner and Asian Indian) considering its high discriminatory capacity. This data will be used for the establishment of a Y-STR DNA databases for South African population which would aid law enforcement authorities in the investigation and resolution of crimes AMOVA computed using haplotype frequencies showed that when male haplotypes from the four different populations were compared, 0.22 % of the total genetic variation was due to the variability among populations and 99.78 % of the total variation is found within populations. However AMOVA computed using distance matrix showed that 5.97 % of the total variation was due to variability among populations and 94.07 % of the total variation is found within populations. Genetic substructure was found among the four studied South African population groups. All the six population pairwise comparisons using AMOVA were significant .Therefore Y-STRs are very useful in comparing closely related populations. It should be noted that their utility for evolutionary purposes, they need to be combined more stable Y-DNA markers such as single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Factorial Correspondence Analysis (FCA) showed that the Coloured population has large genetic contribution from Afrikaner population and lesser contribution from the Zulu and Asian Indian population groups. National Research Foundation (NFR)
129

Let It Be Consumption!: Modern Jewish Writing and the Literary Capital of Tuberculosis

Yudkoff, Sunny 2015 (has links)
Let it Be Consumption!: Modern Jewish Writing and the Literary Capital of Tuberculosis investigates the relationship between literary production and the cultural experience of illness. Focusing attention on the history of modern Yiddish and Hebrew literature, this study examines how a diagnosis of tuberculosis mobilized literary and financial support on behalf of the ailing writer. At the same time, the disease itself became a subject of concern in the writer’s creative oeuvre and literary self-fashioning. Drawing on the work of Pierre Bourdieu and Bruno Latour, I argue that the role played by disease in these traditions is best understood through the paradox of tubercular capital. The debilitating and incurable illness proved a generative context for these writers to develop their literary identities, augment their reputations and join together in a variety of overlapping and intersecting genealogies of tubercular writing. I map this transnational network of disease, opportunity and creativity over the course of four chapters. Chapter One turns to the life and legacy of the Yiddish humorist Sholem Aleichem, who grew his reputation and defined his literary persona while taking “the cure” in Italy, Switzerland and Germany. Moving from Central Europe to British Mandate Palestine, Chapter Two investigates the tubercular space of the sickroom as both setting and subject for the Hebrew poet Raḥel Bluvshtein, who generated a poetic legacy and literary support network from her garret apartment. Chapter Three directs attention back across the ocean to a cohort of Yiddish writers affiliated with the Denver Sanatorium. These writers, such as Yehoash, H. Leivick and Lune Mattes, would find that a tubercular diagnosis created new possibilities for them to see their work read, cited, translated and performed across the United States. Returning to Europe, Chapter Four examines the life and writing of the tubercular modernist David Vogel. The Hebrew writer drew on his own sanatorium experience in Merano, Italy (formerly: Meran, Austria) to enter into an intertextual conversation with German writers, such as Arthur Schnitzler and Thomas Mann, if only to challenge precisely the possibility of that Hebrew-German exchange. Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations
130

Umorismo and critical reading in Boccaccio's vernacular and Latin opere 'minori'

Axelrod, Sarah Luehrman 2015 (has links)
Umorismo as Luigi Pirandello defines it is distinct from the general body of literary material meant to invoke laughter. It consciously turns rhetorical convention on its head: it creates unexpected oppositions through conscious and careful use of certain types of language in contexts where it is not expected. The aim of my study is to offer readers new ways to approach Giovanni Boccaccio’s lesser-known works as fundamentally humorous texts, among other things, and to observe how they are crafted and what sets them apart from other works to which one might compare them. I argue that Boccaccio created the Amorosa visione, the Teseida delle nozze di Emilia, the Elegia di Madonna Fiammetta, and the De mulieribus claris with a sense of umorismo, that is to say, by playing with the conventions that each book’s respective genre invokes and then subverting expectations set up by those conventions. I examine each of these four works in its own chapter, with special attention to authorial voice, fictionality, narrative strategies, and intertextual practices. I rely chiefly on close readings of the texts themselves, in the original language first and foremost, and I attempt to draw out the humor that I see in the way they have been composed, often a result of play between their content and their structure and style. Ultimately, the umorismo in these works is, as Pirandello would agree it should be, not immediately evident: it takes patience and close reading to uncover. Boccaccio is staunchly in favor of critical and persistent reading as a necessary value that all poetry and fiction should require. His treatise in the Genealogia deorum gentilium on how readers should interact with books explicitly promotes the sort of reading required to perceive and parse the umorismo within his texts. Romance Languages and Literatures

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