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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Namen und Geschichte in der Zeit der Einnamigkeit (ca. 400–1100)

Patzold, Steffen 23 September 2015 (has links) (PDF)
Introduction. – This contribution lays out the core questions that connect the following papers read at a conference in Tübingen in 2014 and briefly summarizes their main arguments. These contributions address two major problems: They offer a foundation for productively overcoming the „genealogisch-besitzgeschichtliche Methode“ (a method based on similarities of names and proximity of property for analyzing family connections) which was widely used by historians of the middle ages until the 1980s for analyzing questions of social history with the aid of personal names. The papers also show how far secondary names (of very different types) influenced the practices of naming already in the so-called single-name period.

The influence of international human rights law on the use of firearms by police officers in Northern Ireland, London and the Republic of Ireland

Jeffrey, Patricia Joan 2015 (has links)
This thesis examines how international human rights principles regarding the right to life, encapsulated in legislation, jurisprudence, and guidance have influenced the development of policy and practical decision-making, on when and how lethal force options should be deployed by police officers in three jurisdictions - Northern Ireland, London and the Republic of Ireland. Using Foucault, Weber and Nietzsche to provide the theoretical basis, the study examines nine cases in which police deployed firearms, to assess compliance with human rights standards in these jurisdictions. The use of live fire and Tasers by the Police Service of Northern Ireland, based on information from investigation reports published by the Police Ombudsman for Northern Ireland, provides a unique piece of research which indicates that policies have been amended in line with recommendations. The thesis traces the genealogy of international human rights principles, national laws and the particular police service policies and procedures which were in existence at the time of certain critical events and evaluates their development in response to lessons learned from subsequent investigations and inquiries. It examines the role played by the oversight mechanisms in place to hold police to account and discusses influences on police officers which could affect how they used firearms in addition to human rights considerations

Nietzsche y la historia como herramienta crítica

Cerna Solís, Jorge Luis 2015 (has links)
El presente trabajo comprende un análisis de la noción de historia que aparece en la filosofía de Nietzsche. Nuestra hipótesis sostiene que Nietzsche concibe la historia como una herramienta crítica. Para mostrarlo nos enfocamos en dos obras: Sobre la utilidad y el perjuicio de la historia para la vida y La genealogía de la moral. La primera parte de esta investigación, centrada en la primera obra en cuestión, expone cómo mediante la delimitación de un procedimiento histórico-crítico aplicado a la conciencia histórica moderna Nietzsche hace de la historia una herramienta crítica; esto es, una herramienta apropiada para la indagación sobre el origen y el valor. La segunda parte de esta investigación, centrada en La genealogía de la moral, muestra en qué medida la concepción de la historia como una herramienta crítica se afianza y es central en esta obra. El procedimiento genealógico hace de la historia una herramienta que permite interpretar la procedencia de las valoraciones morales sedimentadas en el imaginario moderno; así, la historia aparece como un instrumento indispensable para la crítica de los valores morales. Este es el sentido de crítica que trae consigo el pensamiento histórico de Nietzsche: el de la pregunta por el valor. En relación con esta idea es que sostenemos la continuidad entre una obra y otra, y es sobre la base de esto que podemos afirmar que la principal función de la historia en la filosofía de Nietzsche es servir a la crítica. Tesis

Microscopic studies of surface growing bacterial populations

Lloyd, Diarmuid Padraig 2015 (has links)
In this thesis, I present three microscopy studies of surface growing Escherichia coli (E. coli ) microcolonies. All experiments were carried out by growing microcolonies on agarose pads, and imaging their growth using phase contrast, fluorescence and confocal microscopy. In the first project, the importance of spatial structure and growth strategies between competing populations of E. coli was studied. An agarose pad was seeded with bacterial cells and their colonisation success tracked. Cell lag-times and local cell density were found to play important roles in determining the eventual success of a colony. Arrangements of neighbouring cells were found to be partially responsible at high cell densities. These results were reproduced using a simple simulation, which also highlighted the importance of exponential expansion in determining colonisation success. The second project investigates the effect of confinement on growing microcolonies restricted to one plane (2d growth). Colonies were grown in agarose microchannels with different aspect ratios, and in unconfined environments. In particular internal physical colony structure and genealogical structure was studied by using single-cell tracking. Results showed that relatedness between cells was directionally biased (cells tended to be more closely related to cells at their poles, than to their side) regardless of the amount of spatial restriction. Furthermore, confinement caused cells to align with each other more, and induced high cell velocities at the colony edges driven by cell expansion. In the final project, growth of secondary layers in growing colonies of E. coli was studied. Cells initially grew as a monolayer, before invading the agarose bulk, producing a secondary layer. By analysing time-lapse movies, this layer was found to initially expand rapidly well in excess of cell growth rates and initial colony expansion rates, before slowing down. The initial secondary growth rate likely depends on the colony area at agarose invasion. Furthermore, the colony area when colonies invaded the agarose depended on their rate of growth, suggesting a complex interplay between forces exerted by the agarose, and by the colony.

The inside passage : translation as method and relation in Serres and Benjamin

Mercier, Lucie Kim-Chi 2015 (has links)
The central premise of this thesis is that translation has acquired a new meaning in so-called postcolonial times and that this transformation calls forth a renewal of the philosophical conceptualisation of translation. I begin by distinguising between two different philosophical genealogies of translation in modern European philosophy. The first is a Romantic and hermeneutic lineage, in which translation is closely bound to the movement of culture (Bildung), and conceived of as an ‘experience of the foreign’. The second is a relational genealogy of translation, in which translation is a transformation without teleology, yet systematically-oriented. The thesis reconstructs this alternative concept through a parallel reading of Walter Benjamin’s and Michel Serres’ works on translation, contending that Leibniz’s relational metaphysics proved a crucial resource for both of them. Albeit reflecting on different objects (the sciences and the work of art), these two authors converge in thinking translation as a relation and a method, associating translation with their critique of epistemology. By drawing on a generalised metaphysics of language, they both reflect on translation as a transformation in the objective domain, hence as a form of historicity. The thesis is composed of three autonomous yet convergent parts. The first part operates as a backdrop to the whole by expounding the need for locating the philosophy of translation outside of the ethics of alterity. It contends that the link made between linguistic difference and difference ‘as such’ is often insufficiently mediated. The second part examines Serres’ early works, explicating his philosophy of translation in close connexion with the evolution of his structuralism, from his doctoral work on Leibniz (1968) to the last of the Hermès series: Le passage du Nord-Ouest (1980). The third part investigates Benjamin’s philosophy of translation in light of his metaphysics of language, following his concepts of the ‘afterlife’ as a thread through his early and later works. Finally, the conclusion propounds the intrinsic connexion that holds between the translation problem, Leibnizianism and ‘decentered epistemologies’.

Innocence and experience : figuring the child in the fiction of A.L. Barker

Jones, Kate 2015 (has links)
This thesis considers the dialectic of innocence and experience in the fiction of A.L. Barker (1918-2002). It is about her preoccupation with the relation between these states, which I argue is best understood through the figure of the child. Alluding to and critiquing Romantic, Victorian, psychoanalytic and modernist narratives of childhood and registering their influence on ideas about the child in mid-twentieth-century culture, Barker’s fiction troubles dominant assumptions about what different identities of age entail, meaning that her oeuvre should be read as a ‘genealogy’ of age. I argue that the central question of Barker’s work is if, and how, the child can be written. She wrestles with this question for over thirty years, writing and rewriting the child figure in a number of alternative, innovative forms: the short story, the ‘articulated novel’ and the retropulsive text. In each case she is preoccupied with the ways in which the child mirrors or intertwines with other categories of age that are constructed in opposition to adult identity. The thesis recognises the significance of the child figure in mid-twentieth-century literature and highlights age as a crucial (though under-used) critical concept for reading modernist and after-modernist texts. In this way it contributes to recent literary debates concerning childhood and modernism and also takes part in discussions of age in Childhood Studies and in the newly-emerging field of Age Studies, which recognises age to be an attribute of identity as significant as gender, race, class, sexuality, disability, and so on. The thesis makes a distinct contribution to literary studies by providing the first introduction to Barker’s work and writing life, based not only on in-depth analyses of her published texts but also on extensive archival research undertaken at the A.L. Barker archive at the Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center.

Re-reading Wu Zhuoliu's The Orphan of Asia from the Framework of the Fictional Landscape 從小說地景重讀吳濁流之《亞細亞的孤兒》

Liu,Mei-Hua, 劉美華 2015 (has links)
碩士 國立交通大學 客家文化學院客家社會與文化學程 104 ABSTRACT The thesis studies Wu Zhuoliu’s The Orphan of Asia with the concept of landscape with an attempt to argue that the protagonist of the novel Hu Taiming (often read as the writer himself) can be associated with Jia Baoyu, protagonist of The Dream of Red Chamber. This reading features the character of Hu/Wu that attributes the tragedy of Taiwan as a Japanese colony to the modern concept from the West, i.e., the reason of state, and to the Taiwanese traitors who flatter the colonizers. The Japanese colonial system is the source of fear, anger and madness for Hu Taiming, and hence is the object of comparison with the traditional governing system Hu is familiar with since his childhood. The traditional system, from the framework of landscape arrangement, includes Confucian ceremonies, Buddhist and Daoist view of the universe, simple and honest human relations, and the ethos of traditional literati, all of which represent the basis of healthy life. The process of my argument goes with the presentation of the problematic in Chapter One, followed by the genealogical study of literary landscape in The Dream of the Red Chamber and its comparison with The Orphan of Asia in Chapter Two. The focus of discussion is based on the spatial classification, which includes the mythical world, the house as the ceremonial space, and the garden as the space of individual freedom. In Chapter Three, Hu Taiming is compared as Ja Baoyu, as their gender and sexual experiences, led by their spatial consciousness, cause the disillusion of their world view. In the final chapter I suggest that the usual interpretation of the end of the novel—Hu’s madness—be understood as the connotation of liberation, just like Jia Baoyu, with an implication of surviving in the state of commotion.

A Study on the Taiwanese Aboriginal Myths in Gan Yaoming´s Ghost Slayer 甘耀明《殺鬼》中的台灣原住民神話研究

Huang,Mei-Hui, 黃美惠 2015 (has links)
碩士 國立交通大學 客家文化學院客家社會與文化學程 104 This these discusses Gan Yaoming’s Ghost Slayer with the focus on the writer’s frequent uses of Taiwanese Aboriginal myths. I argue that this particular literary strategy of Gan’s is derived from two facts: (1) the writer’s homeland is in Miaoli where there has been a long history of the interaction between the Aboriginals and the Hans; (2) there is a literary genealogy in Miaoli describing stories of anti-Japanese colonialism. The long novel features a Taiwanese aboriginal teenager Pa (short form for Pa-pak-Wa-qa) to represent Taiwanese during and after the Japanese colonial time (1895-1947). Unlike most historical novels of this period, Ghost Slayer tells Pa’s story in the style of magic realism rather than socialist realism, and thus making the story more approachable to contemporary young readers. Although Pa has blended many cultural heritages, Gan Yaoming has only emphasized three of his identities: young Japanese national in Taiwan(しょうこくみん), Giant Halus, and the hunter. Each of the identities has numerous allusions to myths, especially those related to Taiwanese aboriginals. My job in the thesis is mainly to interpret Japanese colonial education and the allusions to aboriginal myths. It is hoped that this effort will contribute to a deeper appreciation of the novel as aboriginal myths in Taiwan have not been introduced enough. This lack of aboriginal knowledge has often led to a superficial support of Taiwanese autonomy from the immigrants’ idiosyncratic understanding of Taiwan history. My other argument is on Gan’s writing style, often described as magic realism. I argue that his strategy has achieved a different interpretation of the historical meaning of Japanese colonization. Instead of pathos, Gan’s novel is full of teenager energy, leading us to the wonder of primitive worldviews and expectations of Taiwanese aboriginals. The limit of this thesis is my interpretation, which has to rely on the writer’s perspective, which “purges” the aboriginal myths. In other words, Gan did not target aboriginals to be his readers when he wrote this historical novel.

Approche psychanalytique des liens dans le couple et la famille : le travail de subjectivation en contexte tunisien Psychoanalytic approach of links in couple and family : the subjectivation work in Tunisian context

Mokdad-Zmitri, Meriem 10 June 2015 (has links)
La psychanalyse est-elle épistémologiquement dans l’impasse ? Les «Japonais» (Lacan) ou encore les Arabes ne sont-ils pas «psychanalysables» ? Ce sont deux malaises qui ont concomitamment motivé cette recherche. Celle-ci découvre alors la «psychanalyse du lien» à laquelle elle suppose un potentiel de résolution de la double crise de la psychanalyse : celle qui lui est intrinsèque et a trait à sa longévité et celle de la rencontre entre cette dernière et des champs opérationnels d’accueil. Analyser les liens plutôt que des sujets en lien révolutionne la métapsychologie classique en la décentrant du pur intrapsychique, lénifiant ainsi son panindividualisme et promettant une «rencontre équitable» entre la psychanalyse et son terrain d’accueil, le tunisien en l’occurrence. La pratique de ce paradigme auprès de couples et de familles tunisiens en situations de recherche et de consultation, alternant au besoin, entretiens individuel, de couple et de famille, génosociogramme commenté, FAT ou encore TAT, permet de déceler des configurations liennaires récurrentes et caractéristiques colorant, par l’Instance culturelle (Kaës, 1998), l’espace du lien. Sont alors identifiés et définis les Objets-reliques, la Co-maternité et le Bel-Oedipe comme émergents du contexte informant respectivement sur les liens généalogique, parento-filial et de couple. C’est ainsi qu’une psychanalyse des liens de couple et de famille ouvre la voie à une lecture conjointe de trois espaces intra, inter et transsubjectif où le travail de subjectivation «se déroule» en même temps qu’elle incite à s’interroger sur les liens, leur nouage et défaillances aux prises avec le contexte culturel. Is psychoanalysis epistemologically deadlocked? Aren’t the "Japanese" (Lacan) or the Arabs "psychoanalysable"? These are two discomforts that simultaneously motivated this research. It found out the "link psychoanalysis" in which it supposes a potential to resolve the double crisis of psychoanalysis: the intrinsic one related to its longevity and that of the encounter between the latter and the operational hosting fields. Analysing the link rather than subjects in link revolutionized classical metapsychology by offsetting the pure intrapsychic thus soothing its panindividualism and promising an « equitable encounter » between psychoanalysis and its host ground, the Tunisian one in this case. The practice of this « paradigm » with tunisian couples and families in contexts of research and consultation, alternating, on need, individual, couple and family interviews, commented genosociograms, FAT or TAT allowed to detect recurrent and characteristic link configurations, in which Cultural Instance (Kaës, 1998) colours neatly the link space. Thus, could be identified and defined the Relic objects, Co-motherhood and Oedipus-in-law as context emergents informing respectively about genealogical, parental-filial and couple links. That is how a couple and family link psychoanalysis paves the way to a joint reading of three spaces: intra, inter and transsubjective where the subjectivation work occurs. At the same time, it raises questions about link-knitting and failures dealing with the cultural context.

The politics of language : ennunciation as political praxis in Guattari and Deleuze

Calo Rodrigues Pinto, Susana Maria 2015 (has links)
Through the study of the philosophy of Felix Guattari and Gilles Deleuze, this thesis seeks to extract and elaborate a political practice of language by investigating their critique of linguistics and the development of a semio-pragmatic conception of language. Whereas most scholars see Deleuze and Guattari’s critique of linguistics as a project that claims to enact an escape from language, this thesis argues that implicit in Deleuze and Guattari’s apparently antagonist approach to language is a new way of thinking about language as a social and political practice. The thesis delineates a trajectory of research that is focused not on Deleuze and Guattari's philosophy of literature, nor on a philosophy of language, but rather on how language operates within a semiotic framework of power. It provides an analysis of Louis Hjelmslev's theory of the sign and Guattari and Deleuze's Hjelmslevian reading of Foucault's statement as the main resources for Deleuze and Guattari’s elaboration of a pragmatics that is both political and semiotic, and which responds to the need identified by Guattari to produce a political genealogy of content. To develop a theory of a political practice of language the thesis turns to Guattari's institutional reflections and takes the La Borde clinic as a case study. It examines clinical experimental protocols and Guattari's theory of subject- and subjected-group to discern the particular role that language plays in the framework of collective analytical processes of enunciation. It is argued that Guattari's reinterpretation of Sartre’s dialectical sociology suggests a role for language – as social practice – in processes of autonomy and institutional creation. Finally, the thesis discusses two main ideas: the idea of an a-signifying use of language (a use that is not primarily concerned with signification) and the conceptualisation of language as intervention, following Guattari’s attempt to mobilise an expanded notion of analysis – a collective militant analysis – moving from the clinical context to more general social contexts. Ultimately, the thesis argues that Guattari and Deleuze’s critique of linguisticsand Guattari’s mobilisation of analysis as a form of political intervention make it possible to reclaim language as the centre of social and political struggles.

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