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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
31

"You should've seen my Grandmother - she passed for white" : African American women writers, genealogy, and the passing genre

Bradbury, Janine 2015 (has links)
This thesis critiques the prevailing assumption that passing is passé in contemporary African American women’s literature. By re-examining the work of Toni Cade Bambara, Toni Morrison, Gloria Naylor, Dorothy West, Alice Walker, and Barbara Neely, I argue that these writers signify on canonical passing narratives – Brown’s Clotel (1853) and Clotelle (1867), Chesnutt’s The House Behind the Cedars (1900), Johnson’s The Autobiography of an Ex-Coloured Man (1912), Larsen’s Passing (1929), and Hurst’s Imitation of Life (1933) – in order to confront and redress both the historical roots and contemporary contexts of colourism. As well bridging this historiographic gap, I make a case for reading passing as a multivalent trope that facilitates this very process of cultural interrogation. Rather than focussing on literal episodes of passing, I consider moments of symbolic, textual, and narrative passing, as well as the genealogical and intertextual processes at play in each text which account for the spectral hauntings of the passing-for-white figure in post-civil rights literature. In Chapter 1, I examine the relationship between passing and embodiments of beauty in Morrison’s The Bluest Eye (1970), Bambara’s “Christmas Eve at Johnson’s Drugs N Goods” (1974) and Neely’s Blanche Among the Talented Tenth (1994). In Chapter 2, I discuss passing, class, and capital in Naylor’s Linden Hills (1985) and Dorothy West’s The Wedding (1995). In Chapter 3, I suggest that Walker and Morrison revisit Larsen’s Passing in their short stories “Source” (1982) and “Recitatif” (1983). Finally, I conclude this project with a discussion of Toni Morrison’s God Help the Child (2015) in order to demonstrate the continued centrality of the passing trope for authors interested in colourism, genealogy, and black women’s experiences.
32

Fios de memórias. Um estudo sobre parentesco e história a partir da construção da genealogia manoki (irantxe) Lines of memories. A study on kinship and history through manoki´s (irantxe´s) genealogy

13 March 2015 (has links)
Essa tese tem como ponto de partida e referência a tessitura de uma rede de relações genealógicas e matrimoniais entre os Manoki (e os Mky), falantes de uma língua isolada distribuída em duas variantes dialetais (Irantxe e Mky). Esses coletivos reconhecem um passado comum e habitam atualmente duas Terras Indígenas distintas situadas no vale do rio Juruena, formador do Tapajós, na região noroeste do estado de Mato Grosso. A população manoki é atualmente estimada em 373 pessoas distribuídas em sete aldeias na Terra Indígena Irantxe, localizada em uma área predominantemente de cerrado, na margem esquerda do rio Cravari. Os 129 indivíduos mky vivem em uma única aldeia na Terra Indígena Menkü, região de transição de mata e cerrado circunscrita pelos rios Papagaio e do Sangue. O parentesco é aqui considerado um idioma privilegiado para compreender quem são essas populações, como pensam sua história e as maneiras como modulam suas relações com as diferentes figuras da alteridade, que vão desde as relações internas a este conjunto linguístico, passando pelas relações com os brancos e outros povos ameríndios vizinhos, até chegar ao vasto número de seres dotados de agência, que chamam de espíritos, bichos e assombrações. This thesis has as a starting point and reference the fabric of a kinship and marriage network among the Manoki (and the Mky), speakers of an isolated language distributed in two dialects (Irantxe and Mky). These Amerindian peoples acknowledges a common past and inhabit nowadays two distinct Indigenous Lands located in the valley of the Juruena river, a tributary of the Tapajós, in the northwestern region of the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso. Nowadays the Manoki population is estimated over 373 people distributed in seven different villages in the Indigenous Land Irantxe, situated in a predominantly savannah area on the left bank of the Cravari river. The 129 mky individuals live in a single village in the Indigenous Land Menkü, located in an area of transition between forest and savannah circumscribed by the rivers Papagaio and Sangue. Kinship relations are here considered as a privileged idiom to understand who these peoples are, how they think their own history and the ways they modulate their relations with different figures of alterity, ranging from internal relations between the speakers of these dialects, passing through the relations with whites and other Amerindian neighboring peoples and reaching a vast number of beings endowed with agency capabilities, which they call spirits, beasts and spectrums.
33

Power and forced labor| A geneology of labor and migration in the United States

Rohan, Rory Delaney 5 February 2015 (has links)

Recently, federal agents across the US have uncovered an unprecedented number of forced labor operations, many involving non-citizens who are forced to perform farm work under threat of violence and deportation. Contemporary scholarship explains this phenomenon as the effect of liberalized economic relations, industrialized agriculture, and consumer demand for cheap products. While instructive, such explanations leave open questions of how historical factors sanction the coercive farm labor relations seen today. Using the genealogical method, this paper examines the history of labor practices in Florida, a state in which forced labor not only flourished before the Civil War, but also in which forced labor remains common today.

After highlighting how Florida's ante-bellum and post-bellum labor practices and discourses imbued employment with normative valuations, this paper argues that such discourses and practices have since been taken up by state and federal institutions, eventually influencing laws and policies concerning labor, prisoners, and immigrants. These historically embedded practices and discourses, moreover, function to discipline the lives and govern the status of non-citizens in and through employment.

34

Historiebruk i valrörelsen : En jämförande analys av Stefan Lövens och Fredrik Reinfeldts tal under valrörelsen 2014

Tägt, Amanda 2015 (has links)
Uppsatsen syftar till att genom en jämförande analys undersöka Stefan Löfvens och Fredrik Reinfeldts historiebruk under valrörelsen 2014, för att på så sätt se på vilket sätt ideologiska skillnader påverkar användandet av historia. Det finns förhållandevis få studier gjorda om de borgerliga partierna, och om deras förhållande till de partier som ligger till vänster på den politiska skalan. Tidigare undersökningar har främst fokuserat på partiernas historia. Denna uppsats handlar istället om dagens politikers användande av historien. Uppsatsens källmaterial utgörs av tal som partiledarna hållit under valrörelsen. Materialet har undersökts utifrån perspektivet att partiledarna både för att kunna behålla väljare och för att locka nya, behöver skapa och befästa en identitet och att historia är en viktig del i detta identitetsskapande. Källmaterialet har undersökts med hjälp av Klas-Göran Karlssons uppdelning mellan en genetisk och en genealogisk historiesyn och Peter Aronssons typologi över historiekulturens fem grundtroper. Undersökningen har visat att partiledarna ger uttryck för ett flertal olika historiesyner, men främst vad Karlsson kallar för den genealogiska som utgår ifrån att vi kan lära av historien. Löfven har i större utsträckning än Reinfeldt lagt fokus på det egna partiets historia. Partiernas ideologiska skillnader syns till viss del i exemplen från det förflutna som de väljer att använda sig av, men skillnaderna blir mest tydliga i deras tolkning av historien, i den kontext referatet används i och hur man väljer att argumentera med hjälp av det historiska exemplet.

Godkännandedatum 2015-02-02

35

Utvecklingen av samverkansregler mellan hälso- och sjukvården och näringslivet : Samverkan och krishantering i fält av legitimitet The development of a common code of ethics between public health care and private industry in Sweden

Andersson, Christoffer 2015 (has links)
Collaboration is a form of organization on the rise in Sweden. For health care, it is ofinterest to collaborate with industry to ensure that needs for specialist education andtraining are met and that products developed meet the relevant requirements.Conversely, industry actors have an interest to have a close collaboration with healthcare in order to gain insight into customer needs, provide information about theirproducts and to test products in development.The starting point of this study is an agreement and regulatory framework for formsof collaboration between public health care in Sweden in general and thepharmaceutical industry, the medical device industry and the laboratory technologyindustry. The research questions concerns how this agreement has evolved and theprocess surrounding its emergence may contribute to knowledge about collaborationas a form of organization and the relationship to concepts such as legitimacy,corruption and institutional theory.By tracking the emergence of the current regulatory framework genealogicalthroughout history, the study uncovers how the agreements have played a role in andcontributed to the legitimization and institutionalization of collaboration practices andhow crises have changed the shape of the practices. A theoretical treatment ofrelevant concepts such as legitimacy, institutionalization of practices, corruption andstigmatization of organizations form the basis for an interpretation and analysis of theprocess.The conclusions of the examination of the historical process that led to the currentagreements contribute to empirical knowledge of how crises and stigma affect thelegitimacy of collaboration practices and how the repair of legitimacy can be donesuccessfully after a crisis. The treatment of the empirical material is also a historicalsource for the development of ethics agreements between public health care andpharmaceutical industry and the medical industry in Sweden.
36

From Martial Law to Boba: What Is It to be Taiwanese American?

Fields, Jinelle 1 January 2015 (has links)
This work looks at the way the Taiwanese American college student's identities are complicated and compounded by the intertwined histories of China and Taiwan. It looks at the historical account of Chinese and Taiwanese history through the understanding of genealogical history. It also analyzes the importance of narrated family accounts and lived experiences of Taiwanese-ness. Lastly, it looks at the development of Taiwanese identity as it is strengthened or weakened through religion, politics, and language.
37

El Compendivm Constitvcionvm Generalivm Cathalonie de Narcís de Sant Dionís

Álvarez Gómez, Daniel 25 March 2015 (has links)
A les Corts de Barcelona (1412-1413), que presidiren successivament Ferran I i l’infant Alfons, s’aprovà una Constitució, intitulada «Per tal que les leys», que determinava la recopilació en llatí i en traducció catalana (tret d’algunes excepcions en sentit invers) de la major part del corpus jurídic de Catalunya, fonamentalment Constitucions i Capítols de Corts. L’ordenació de la dita recopilació seguí les rúbriques dels primers deu llibres del Codi de Justinià. El projecte, conegut com a Compilació, fou iniciat per juristes de la mida de Bonanat Pere i Jaume Callís, en una primera comissió escollida per Ferran I; i el continuaren el diputat Francesc Basset i l’oïdor de comptes Narcís de Sant Dionís, comissionats a posteriori per la Diputació del General. No obstant això, la Compilació resultà parcialment fallida. Es projectà la confecció de dos volums en pergamí, un en llatí i l’altre en català, que anirien a raure a l’Arxiu Reial, i de dues còpies, que custodiaria la Diputació del General. De tota manera, només se’n conserven en l’actualitat tres exemplars en pergamí a l’Arxiu de la Corona d’Aragó que poden ser identificats amb aquells. Un dels exemplars catalans, fins al present moment, continua perdut. El darrer dels juristes comissionats, Sant Dionís, escrigué un opuscle llatí, que ell mateix anomenà Compendium, el qual, estructurat igualment segons el codi justinianeu, serviria als especialistes com una mena d’enquiridion. També en conservem una traducció al català, probablement obra del propi Sant Dionís. El Compendium és un breu manual que ultrapassa la Compilació, perquè cita un major número de lleis en incloure simplement resums de les disposicions legals. L’edició dels tres manuscrits llatins que contenen l’obra de Sant Dionís és l’objecte principal de la present tesi. En front de l’edició llatina, s’aporta la transcripció d’un dels exemplars de la versió catalana, el manuscrit 1 de la Generalitat, a l’Arxiu de la Corona d’Aragó. La tesi s’inicia amb un estudi preliminar sobre la biografia de Sant Dionís, en què s’intenta aclarir la genealogia del personatge, i sobre la formació de la Compilació. Conclou amb taules que identifiquen les disposicions legislatives contingudes al Compendium. During the Courts of Barcelona (1412-1413), presided successively by Ferdinand I and the Prince Alfonse, a Constitution was approved, entitled “Per tal que les leys”, that prescribed that the majority of the juridical corpus of Catalonia, basically Constitutions and “Capitula Curiae”, were collected in Latin and in its Catalan translation (besides some exceptions in reverse). The distribution of this collection followed the titles of the first ten books of the Justinian’s Code. The project, known as Compilation, was initiated by jurists such important as Bonanat Pere and Jaume Callís, i.e. the first commission elected by Ferdinand I; and it was continued by Francesc Basset and Narcís de Sant Dionís, selected a posteriori by the “Diputació del General”. However, this collection partially failed. Two volumes in parchment were designed, one in Latin and another in Catalan, to be located in the Royal Archive, and two copies, to be guarded by the “Diputació”. Nevertheless, only three copies in parchment are preserved in the present Archive of the Crown of Aragon that could be identified with those ones. One of the Catalan copies is still lost. The jurist Narcís de Sant Dionís wrote a Latin brief treatise .named Compendium by himself. that could be useful as a handbook to the specialists, structured like the Justinian’s Code. We still have a translation to Catalan, probably by the same Sant Dionís. The Compendium is a short handbook that surpasses the Compilation, because it quotes a higher number of laws since it only presents summaries of the legal dispositions. The Edition of the three Latin manuscripts that contain the work of Sant Dionís is the main object of the present thesis. In front of the Latin Edition, it is provided the transcription of one copy of the Catalan version, the manuscript 1 of the “Generalitat”, in the Archive of the Crown of Aragon. An introductory study about the biography of Sant Dionís intends to clarify his genealogy. The formation of the Compilation is also evaluated. The thesis finishes with tables that identify the legislative dispositions contained in the Compendium.
38

Population Genetic Methods and Applications to Human Genomes

Gattepaille, Lucie 2015 (has links)
Population Genetics has led to countless numbers of fruitful studies of evolution, due to its abilities for prediction and description of the most important evolutionary processes such as mutation, genetic drift and selection. The field is still growing today, with new methods and models being developed to answer questions of evolutionary relevance and to lift the veil on the past of all life forms. In this thesis, I present a modest contribution to the growth of population genetics. I investigate different questions related to the dynamics of populations, with particular focus on studying human evolution. I derive an upper bound and a lower bound for FST, a classical measure of population differentiation, as functions of the homozygosity in each of the two studied populations, and apply the result to discuss observed differentiation levels between human populations. I introduce a new criterion, the Gain of Informativeness for Assignment, to help us decide whether two genetic markers should be combined into a haplotype marker and improve the assignment of individuals to a panel of reference populations. Applying the method on SNP data for French, German and Swiss individuals, I show how haplotypes can lead to better assignment results when they are supervised by GIA. I also derive the population size over time as a function of the densities of cumulative coalescent times, show the robustness of this result to the number of loci as well as the sample size, and together with a simple algorithm of gene-genealogy inference, apply the method on low recombining regions of the human genome for four worldwide populations. I recover previously observed population size shapes, as well as uncover an early divergence of the Yoruba population from the non-African populations, suggesting ancient population structure on the African continent prior to the Out-of-Africa event. Finally, I present a case study of human adaptation to an arsenic-rich environment.
39

Nietzsche et le problème de la souffrance

Lavoie, Benjamin 2015 (has links) (PDF)
La philosophie pessimiste de Schopenhauer sera confrontée avec la pensée nietzschéenne. Nous allons démontrer que la tragédie attique coïncide avec une affirmation de la souffrance. Nietzsche fait la distinction entre une vie ascendante et déclinante. C’est l’aptitude à affronter et surmonter la souffrance qui servira de critère entre les forts et les faibles. Le plaisir et la douleur sont des interprétations de la volonté de puissance en réaction à une excitation. Nous distinguerons la vie qui lutte pour la puissance et celle qui lutte pour sa conservation. Pour Nietzsche, il faut s’ouvrir à la souffrance pour créer et vivre supérieurement. Le surhumain, en opposition avec la pitié, sera l’horizon de dépassement des hommes. Nietzsche s’en prend à l’idéal ascétique. Par une analyse généalogique de la mauvaise conscience, il découvre le rôle pernicieux qu’ont joué les prêtres dans le processus d’intériorisation de la douleur. Nous exposerons sa critique acerbe du christianisme.
40

La depuración del magisterio como forma de control social

Plaza Benimeli, Natalia 26 January 2015 (has links)
Para trazar nuestra tesis hemos intentado dos caminos: el general y el particular. En el marco general nos hemos remontado al año 1812, luz primera del liberalismo político en la historia constitucional, para desde entonces dibujar una introducción histórica que señale los hitos del siglo XIX en lo relacionado con la enseñanza pública y con la forma autoritaria o tolerante, contenida o magnánima, de su regulación y organización desde el poder estatal. Resultan especialmente vivas en tal camino las llamadas cuestiones universitarias de las décadas de 1860 y 1870, en las cuales la tensión entre el conservadurismo gubernamental y la libertad de cátedra defendida desde la Universidad estallaron en sendos frutos posteriores, en la primera cuestión, en la Gloriosa revolución y la Primera República, y en la segunda, en la fundación de la Institución Libre de Enseñanza. El ideario institucionista está particularmente presente en nuestro trabajo, pues no hay forma de narrar los logros educativos de la Segunda República sin mencionar una y otra vez la abundancia de ideas progresistas que en las aulas de la Institución cobraron pulso y llama para alcanzar desde allí los despachos del Ministerio de Instrucción Pública. Uno de los capítulos de este trabajo se dedica a la masonería y a su relación con la educación en tiempos de la Segunda República, ligando con los progresos que en 1931-1933 se consiguieron en dotación material y laicismo en la escuela, con los problemas que la cuestión religiosa planteó en la aprobación de la Constitución de 1931 y con dos casos concretos de políticos masones que además fueron maestros y en algún momento ocuparon un alto cargo en el Ministerio de Instrucción Pública: José Ballester Gozalvo y Pedro Armasa Briales. Esto nos lleva al otro enfoque que en nuestra tesis se ha intentado: el camino persona a persona. Hemos buscado ya desde el XIX y en pleno siglo XX personalidades relacionadas estrechamente con el mundo de la educación a través de cuya vida y obra pudiéramos respirar el ansia que la libertad de enseñanza inspiró a varias generaciones. Hemos tomado como punto de partida de una genealogía que en varias ramas toparía con la represión franquista y en escalones anteriores con otros ámbitos del mundo educativo la figura de Agustín Sardá Llabería, maestro, escritor, político, profesor de la Institución, y raíz junto con su hermana Juliana de la que parten los casos que después en este trabajo estudiamos: la rama de Mercedes, hija de Agustín, nos lleva a las Misiones Pedagógicas y al estudio de la obra de Alejandro Casona Nuestra Natacha, inspirada en una nieta de Agustín Sardá. La rama de Sara, la otra hija de Agustín, nos lleva a la familia Ontañón Sardá, con la que también emparenta otra pedagoga insigne de aquellos tiempos, María Sánchez Arbós. Siguiendo la rama de los hijos de Juliana Sardá Llabería encontramos también múltiples casos de profesionales de la pedagogía y entre ellos muchos que sufrieron la depuración franquista: es señalado el caso del maestro rural Antonio Benaiges Nogués, fusilado en julio de 1936 por defender y practicar una educación laica y progresista, y también lo son los de los maestros María Nogués Vidiella y Juan Benimeli Navarro, encargados durante la guerra de la Escuela Freinet de Barcelona y sancionados ambos tras la victoria franquista. Los manuscritos de Juan Benimeli nos dan una aproximación espontánea a la vida de un maestro en la Barcelona de los años 30 y 40, y además nos traen otras noticias: las de maestros reconocidos entonces por su disciplina y progresismo, maestros como Félix Martí Alpera, Rosa Sensat o Virgilio Hueso, de los cuales también hemos detallado su situación y proceso. Por estar en el círculo de amistades de la familia Sardá Nogués en el entorno tarraconense de Montroig del Camp, por estar además vinculada a las Misiones Pedagógicas y constituir un ejemplo claro de una carrera funcionarial brillante frustrada por las circunstancias políticas, hemos traído a la tesis a la bibliotecaria depurada María Moliner Ruiz, conocida sobre todo por su Diccionario publicado en 1966, y casada con un catedrático de Universidad también depurado y a quien también estudiamos: Fernando Ramón Ferrando. En todos los casos en que ha sido posible analizamos detalladamente los expedientes de depuración de las personalidades estudiadas y las consecuencias que tuvieron en sus vidas. Como culminación de nuestro estudio hemos querido ver uno a uno los aproximadamente 52.000 expedientes de depuración de maestros de enseñanza primaria y 1.200 de docentes de segunda enseñanza que constan en el Archivo General de la Administración de Alcalá de Henares. Hemos tomado nota del nombre de cada uno de los sancionados y de la signatura de su expediente, y hemos registrado también la cantidad de docentes confirmados en su cargo en cada provincia, elaborando así un extenso cuadro que se puede consultar en el capítulo 19 de esta tesis. Al comienzo del mismo exponemos la metodología concreta seguida para tal recuento.

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