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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Modern Architectural Transformation-in Xiamen Concession(1840-1930) 廈門的租界與建築變遷之研究(1840-1930年)

LO, Tsan-Lan, 羅湛然 2015 (has links)
碩士 國立金門大學 建築學系 103 Traditionalism or Classism is always inseparable from the development of architecture no matter West or East. For instance, the Renaissance and Neo-Classism both were representation of Classism in west. In Asia, The new architecture was concerned with traditional style that has borne hundreds of years ago and brought rather particular cultural phenomenon through Imperialism and colonial influence. First, we would review semi-colonial Xiamen’s architecture and urbanism from the perspective of the third world history vis-à-vis that of the world history, with emphasis on the genealogy of the colonial architecture and urbanism in the late 18th and the 19th centuries. Second, through a comparative study with some recent research on British and French colonies, we would demonstrate the difference between them and research on Chinese modern architecture and urbanism. Following that, a comparative study among different concessions, we would show not only the commonality of semi-colonial architecture and urbanism among them but also the colonial specificity of Imperialism. Finally, we would attempt to survey the architectural discourse concerning the historical consciousness and the attitude of historical interpretation. Further, we would reveal the problematic structuring the liner connection and lineage of symbolic space by querying disseminated architectural value in the conjuncture.

Querying the 'new capitalist' agenda : a critical (re)contextualisation of '360 degree feedback' and the production of the empowered, self-governing, organizational subject

Slater, Rory F. 2015 (has links)
The present thesis comprises a three part qualitative project that queries a specific facet of popular management rhetoric: namely, that the contemporary economic agent operates as an empowered self-governing agent. It critically engages with the much debated demise of ‘old capitalism’ and ‘new capitalism’s’ claims of workplace democratisation. The thesis begins with a critical (re)contextualisation of what had become colloquially know as ‘360 degree feedback’. An in-depth genealogical analysis is presented that traces the genesis of three prominent multi-rater/source feedback mechanisms between 1940 and 2011: the T-Group, the therapeutic community and contemporary 360 degree feedback. It is argued that each of these has emerged out of historical attempts to combine disciplinary technologies/techniques with psychological knowledge(s) and expertise in a bid to empower individuals to modify their own behaviour in line with a moral and ethical code of ‘self’ development and ‘self’ mastery. The thesis then examines ‘how’ the contemporary multi-rater/source feedback mechanism of 360 degree feedback is constructed in and through expert discourse(s), and considers to what extent these constructions might represent it as heterotopic. Twelve key informant interviews are subjected to discourse analysis. It is argued that those human technologies/techniques in which individuals are enfolded, objectified, rationalised and normalised are themselves heterotopic and, as such, constitute alternative spatial locations in which individuals are subjected to the effects of power and knowledge. The final study provides a contextualising step inside 360 feedback practices and processes and considers how individuals inhabit and make sense of the alternative space it provides. A form of discourse analysis that synthesises macro and micro discursive approaches is applied. This particular section explores how discursive agents actively negotiate this enacted space and formulate a sense of self within it. In keeping with the critical nature of the thesis, emergent discourses and interpretative repertoires are discussed in terms of the possible ideological functions they perform. When considered in this way, it is concluded that individuals are not being less controlled due to the enlightened nature of workplace democracy. Rather they are merely being controlled differently insofar as it is they and they alone that take up the goal of self- development and, as such, bring their own goals, their own aspirations and their own behaviour in line with a moral and ethical code of ‘self’ development and ‘self’ mastery.

Pathologies of recognition : the communicative turn and the renewed possibility of a critical theory of society

Hazeldine, Gary 2015 (has links)
This thesis explores the communicative turn in critical theory, beginning with Jürgen Habermas’s and Axel Honneth’s criticisms of the work of the early Frankfurt school; it then analyses Habermas’s ideas on language and discourse ethics alongside Axel Honneth’s development of a ‘recognitive-theoretical’ model of Critical Theory. Following Honneth’s lead, I then bring the work of Michel Foucault into dialogue with the communicative turn and explore the merits of both approaches. Habermas’s and Honneth’s accounts of non-coercive dialogical exchange are found wanting, and I argue that they idealise the public sphere, communication and recognition, and also reproduce procedural conceptions of freedom that abstract from difference and particularity. Foucault compensates for this, but his genealogical work displays an excessive and indiscriminate view of power, alongside an inadequate conception of subjectivity, whilst his later work on ethics/aesthetics idealises the self as a work of art and lacks a substantive account of culture, democracy, and responsibility. I argue that Theodor Adorno’s account of non-reified culture and ethics – as a response to the suffering produced by commodification, identity thinking and technological rationality – overcomes the shortcomings of the work of Habermas, Honneth and Foucault, whilst providing us with a more complete account of recognition and solidarity.

New title : traversing uncertain co-ordinates in search of alternative trajectories

Keet, Emma Alice 2015 (has links)
Thesis (MA)--Stellenbosch University, 2015. ENGLISH ABSTRACT: This thesis traverses the complexities and entanglement of theoretical and practical processes in a Post-structural age. Through the deconstruction of stable systems of knowledge and thought, this age has become synonymous with uncertainty. In an attempt to navigate a time of continual change, Foucault proposes a toolkit. Foucault advocates deconstruction, critical engagement and reflection. In addition to these tools, this thesis moves through genealogical, mapping, archaeological and glass (blowing) methodologies. My practice cannot be separated from theory, it is excavated concurrently. Foucault, Derrida, Nietzsche, Deleuze and Guattari open up knowledge systems in an effort to uncover alternative thought trajectories and create a space in which complexity can exist. Knowledge circulating in this space is not fixed, it manifests in moments. My practical project, Fleeting Certainty, also aims to create an open space. It does not culminate in one, autonomous work, but is rather an archive of moments. Viewers will also be equipped with a toolkit of light and lenses with which to create moments of their own. Therefore moments will generate continuously. These theoretical and practical processes do not culminate in a coherent conclusion. There is a pause, a comma, but there are many more trajectories or lines to follow. AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Hierdie tesis deurkruis die ingewikkeldhede en verstrengeling van teoretiese en praktiese prosesse binne ’n Post-strukturele tydperk. Hierdie tydperk het, deur die dekonstruksie van stabiele stelsels van kennis en denke, gelykstaande aan onsekerheid geword. In a poging om ’n tydperk van voortdurende verandering te verken, stel Foucault sekere hulpmiddels voor. Foucault bepleit, dekonstruksie, kritiese betrokkenheid en besinning. Benewens hierdie hulpmiddels, maak hierdie tesis gebruik van genealogiese, karterings-, argeologiese en glas (blaas) metodologieë. Die praktiese komponent van my werk hou ten nouste verband met die teoretiese en kan nie van mekaar geskei word nie. Foucault, Derrida, Nietzsche, Deleuze and Guattari stel kennisstelsels oop in ’n poging om alternatiewe gedagtegange te ontbloot en skep ’n ruimte waarin kompleksiteit kan bestaan. Kennis wat in hierdie ruimte bestaan, is nie vas of bepaald nie, maar kom in oomblikke voor. My praktiese projek, Fleeting Certainty, poog ook om ’n ‘oop’ ruimte te skep. Die projek loop nie uit op een selfstandige werk nie, maar dien as ’n versameling of argief van oomblikke. Kykers sal ook toegerus word met hulpmiddels in die vorm van lig en lense waarmee hulle oomblikke van hul eie kan skep. Oomblikke sal dus voortdurent geskep word. Hierdie teoretiese en praktiese prosesse loop ook nie op ’n samehangende gevolgtrekking uit nie. Daar is ’n pouse, ’n komma, maar daar is baie meer bane of lyne om te volg.

Nero primus persecutor christianorum et praecursor antichristi : una revisión crítica de las fuentes literarias

Cuesta Fernández, Jorge 21 December 2015 (has links)
“Nero primus persecutor christianorum et praecursor Antichristi. Una revisión crítica de las fuentes literarias” se define como una labor investigadora realizada con el propósito no solo de abordar críticamente la documentación escrita mediante la cual se ha retratado a Nerón no solo como el primer perseguidor del cristianismo sino también aquella que recogió una reputación póstuma sin precedentes, pudiéndose verificar en las fuentes como se acabó vinculando un retorno futuro protagonizado por el emperador junto con el Anticristo de las formas más diversas (e incluso problemáticas) a lo largo de casi cinco siglos. De este modo, ha sido posible llevar a cabo la materialización de un proyecto de tesis doctoral a través del cual fuese posible proporcionar una novedosa y diferente perspectiva a la cuestión del perfil apocalíptico asignado de Nerón siglos después de haber fallecido y que ha sido catalogada por historiadores y especialistas a lo largo del siglo XX como Nero redivivus, dos palabras latinas que traduciéndose al castellano vendrían a significar “Nerón revivido”. Como consecuencia del diverso contenido de las fuentes así como los respectivos contextos históricos a los que pertenecieron dichos textos (especialmente aquellos sobre el vínculo entre Nerón y el Anticristo), se estableció como primordial meta determinar cuál sería el origen de tales creencias apocalípticas, el punto de partida para poder explicar cómo fue posible que casi trescientos años después de la muerte del emperador pudiera constituir en símbolo del fin de los tiempos, descartando la postura historiográfica vigente de que estos textos (junto con otros en los que no hubiese asociación alguna con el Anticristo) habían sido reunidos y catalogados bajo la misma terminología. Los objetivos establecidos para la realización de la investigación doctoral han sido los siguientes: En primer lugar, demostrar que aquellos textos en los que se informa sobre la creencia en Nerón como precursor del Anticristo (Lactancio y Sulpicio Severo) no guardaría relación alguna con el Nero redivivus; en segundo lugar, plantear el uso de terminologías latinas con las que poder catalogar correctamente todos los textos que forman parte de la cuestión clásica del Nero redivivus, incluso en aquellos en los que el nombre del emperador estaría explícito y vinculado al Anticristo y de forma diferente a la información transmitida por los autores patrísticos aludidos en el primer objetivo. En tercer lugar, señalar en qué textos sería correcta la utilización de los términos Nero redivivus y Nero rediturus, siendo ésta última expresión recientemente acuñada por historiadores como Klauck, Van Kooten o Malik. En cuarto lugar, comprobar en qué medida fueron decisivos los textos procedentes del Antiguo y del Nuevo Testamento canónico (además de otros procedentes del ámbito apócrifo) para que no solo se pudiera llegar a creerse en una asociación entre Nerón y el Anticristo, sino que ésta se prolongase desde mediados del siglo III (Comodiano) hasta la segunda mitad del V (Agustín de Hipona, Quodvultdeus, Liber genealogus). Los dos últimos objetivos estarían estrechamente relacionados con otra parte importante en la investigación, aquella centrada en el análisis del recuerdo histórico de la represión neroniana contra los cristianos y el martirio atribuido por las fuentes literarias cristianas de los apóstoles Pedro y Pablo, contemplándose de qué fuentes escritas cristianas arrancaría la consideración de Nerón como primer perseguidor y emprendiendo la revisión crítica de aquellos textos que para historiadores e investigadores en las últimas décadas contendrían referencias ocultas o implícitas tanto de la persecución anticristiana de la represión neroniana contra los cristianos como de los episodios martiriales protagonizados por Pedro y Pablo y destacadamente por el primero en algunos exponentes de la literatura apócrifa apocalíptica (Martirio y Ascensión de Isaías, Apocalipsis de Pedro). En cuanto a la metodología, en primer lugar se llevó a cabo una lectura parcial de las fuentes primarias sin prestar atención inmediata a los estudios realizados sobre estos y otros semejantes, realizándose el mismo procedimiento para la documentación necesaria y fundamental para el estudio de la primera persecución y el martirio de Pedro y Pablo. En el transcurso del curso 2012-2013 se procedió a la búsqueda de la pertinente bibliografía, gracias al acceso a bases electrónicas como JSTOR, Perseé, Dialnet y la Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes. También se ha acudido a las bibliotecas universitarias más cercanas, como la de la Universidad de Alicante así como recurrido al servicio de préstamo interbibliotecario tanto de esta universidad como la de Murcia. Las nuevas tecnologías (entre ellas, la red social conocida como Academia.edu) han facilitado el contacto con varios de los autores cuyos trabajos han sido utilizados como en el caso de George Van Kooten, Jos Vaesen y Shushma Malik, entre otros. En el transcurso de los cursos académicos 2013-2014 y 2014-2015 se escribió el estado de la cuestión y la totalidad de los contenidos de la presente investigación. En lo referente a las conclusiones, como consecuencia de haber consultado el contenido de cada uno de los textos consultados para la consecución de dicha investigación, la expresión Nero praecursor Antichristi sería la apropiada para definir y calificar ideológicamente el retorno de Nerón tal y como lo transmitieron Lactancio y Sulpicio Severo, con independencia de que lo secundasen o no. Por el contrario, no sería muy acertado catalogar la creencia apocalíptica en la aparición conjunta de Nerón y el Anticristo atribuida a Martín de Tours a modo Nero redivivus ni mucho menos como Nero praecursor Antichristi, ya que del texto podría deducirse que ambos aparecerían al mismo tiempo y actuarían en ámbitos geográficos distintos. Por lo tanto, y en el caso del texto sobre la exposición de la visión del fin del mundo del mentor de Sulpicio Severo, la reaparición de Nerón varios siglos después de su fallecimiento no se produciría previamente a la del Anticristo a lo que debe añadirse que Martín no precisa que tal regreso necesitara de una resurrección previa, pudiéndose catalogar como Nero et Antichristus. Con respecto a Agustín de Hipona y más concretamente a la primera de las dos creencias surgidas de la interpretación del concepto paulino del misterio de iniquidad, no sería desacertado calificarla de Nero redivivus puesto que consistiría en la resurrección de Nerón, aunque tampoco sería descabellado definirla con muchísima más precisión como Nero redivivus quod Antichristus incarnatus, mientras que para el segundo tipo de creencia, al incluir como detalle el que Nerón no hubiese muerto, encajaría mejor con la expresión de Nero rediturus (Nerón regresa sin haber muerto). Se ha determinado también como conclusión que algunas secciones o ideas procedentes de libros de la literatura neotestamentaria y la veterotestamentaria así como algunos aspectos del pensamiento teológico desarrollado por algunos autores patrísticos sobre el Anticristo (como la reconstrucción del Templo o la aparición de dos figuras “anticristológicas”) habrían servido de fundamentos ideológicos para dar forma al pensamiento apocalíptico basado en presentar a Nerón como individuo escatológico ligado al Anticristo, previo o coetáneo a éste último. Comodiano y Victorino de Petovio (inspirados en el capítulo undécimo del Apocalipsis de Juan) recurrieron a los dos testigos y a la Bestia “que asciende del abismo” para dar forma a sus respectivas visiones apocalípticas en las que Nerón como Anticristo o el Anticristo como Nerón (Nero quod Antichristus; Antichristus quod Nero) acabaría con la vida de los dos testigos, siendo ambos identificados con Elías y Henoc, convirtiéndose en los nuevos Pedro y Pablo pero sobre todo en los apóstoles de los tiempos escatológicos. Los textos de ambos autores cristianos bien podrían catalogarse con las siguientes terminologías: Para Comodiano serían válidas tanto la de Nero quod Antichristus como la de Antchristus quod Nero (dependiendo la obra consultada) mientras que para Victorino tan solo sería válida la segunda. La reputación histórica de Nerón como primer perseguidor en la literatura cristiana inaugurada por Tertuliano y mantenida unánimemente por los autores patrísticos venideros no habría sido lo suficientemente contundente para que a Nerón se le tuviese como un recuerdo del pasado, porque trescientos años tras su muerte (de formas muy diversas) el nombre del emperador estaría asociado al del Anticristo, constatándose la existencia de diferentes creencias de índole apocalíptica y en esencia con contenidos muy similares entre sí, procediendo bien de autores individuales o probablemente de minúsculos grupos cristianos de mentalidad milenarista contrarios a la teología escatológica oficial, erigiéndose en motivo de imparable terror o miedo por la sola idea de que aquel que emprendiese la primera persecución y martirizase a Pedro y Pablo fuese capaz de regresar en el futuro previamente al Anticristo, encarnándose en él o adoptando éste último la apariencia del emperador para desencadenar una persecución mucho más violenta, convirtiéndose el nombre Nerón en señal inequívoca de que el fin de los tiempos de que estaba próximo. "Nero primus persecutor christianorum et praecursor Antichristi. A critical review of literary sources” may be defined as a research work whose purpose is to critically address the written documentation through which Nero has been portrayed as the first persecutor of Christianity. However, it can also be defined as the one that recopilated a posthumous reputation without precedents. This can be proved in the sources as linking a future return ended starring the emperor along with the Antichrist of the most diverse forms (and even problematic) over almost five centuries. Thus, it has been possible to carry out the realization of a doctoral thesis project through which we can provide a new and different perspective to the issue of the apocalyptic profile assigned to Nero centuries after his death. This has been listed by historians and specialists during the twentieth century as Nero redivivus. These two Latin words would be translated like "Nero revived". As a result of different content sources as well as the respective historical contexts these texts belong to (especially those dealing with the link between Nero and Antichrist), it was established as a primary goal to determine what could be the origin of such apocalyptic beliefs. This would be the premise to explain, for almost three hundred years after the death of the emperor, how it was possible that this could be a symbol of the end of times, discarding the force of these texts (along with others that had no association with the historiographical stance Antichrist) which were collected and cataloged under the same terminology. The main objectives of this doctoral thesis are the following: Firstly, we would like to show that those texts dealing with the belief of Nero as the forerunner of the Antichrist (Lactantius and Sulpicius Severus) would not have any relationship with the so called Nero redivivus; secondly, to reconsider the use of the Latin terminology which has been used to catalog all the texts forming part of the classic question of Nero redivivus, including even those in which the name of the emperor would be explicit and linked to the Antichrist and in a different way to the information transmitted by the aforementioned patristic writers in the first goal. Thirdly, we would like to underline which could be the texts in which the terms Nero redivivus and Nero rediturus would be correctly used. This last term has been traditionally coined by historians such as Klauck, Van Kooten or Malik. Fourthly, we would like to check the extent to which texts from the Old and New Testament canon are instrumental (along with others from the apocryphal field) not only to believe in a partnership between Nero and Antichrist, but this is prolonged since the mid-third century (Commodian) until the second half of V (Augustine of Hippo, Quodvultdeus, Liber genealogus). The last two goals would be closely related to another important part in this research: the analysis of the historical memory of Nero's repression against Christians as well as the martyrdom attributed by the Apostles Peter's and Paul's Christian literary sources. In this way, it would be contemplated from which Christian written sources would stem the consideration of Nero as the first persecutor and undertaking a critical review of those texts that for historians and researchers in recent decades would contain hidden or implied references as regards both the anti-Christian repression Nero's persecution against Christians and the martyrdom episodes made by Peter and Paul and prominently by the former in some exponents of the apocalyptic apocryphal literature (Martyrdom and Ascension of Isaiah, Apocalypse of Peter). As far as the methodology of the research is concerned, first we carried out a partial reading of the primary sources without paying immediate attention to the studies based on them and similar ones. The same procedure was followed in relation to the necessary and essential documentation for the study of the first persecution and martyrdom of Peter and Paul. During the year 2012-2013, we proceeded to search the relevant literature by accessing to different electronic databases such as JSTOR, Perseus, Dialnet and the Spanish Virtual Library called Miguel de Cervantes. We also used bibliographical references from the nearest university libraries, including the University of Alicante and resorted to interlibrary loan service from this university as well as the one from Murcia. New technologies (including social network known as Academia.edu) have facilitated contact with several authors whose works have been used. This is the case of George Van Kooten, Jos Vaesen and Shushma Malik, to name a few. During the academic years 2013-2014 and 2014-2015, the state of art and the entire contents of this study were written. As for the conclusions, having consulted the content of each of the texts for the achievement of that investigation, Nero praecursor Antichristi expression would be the appropriate to define and ideologically qualify the return of Nero as it was transmitted by Lactantius and Sulpicius Severus, regardless of whether it was seconded or not. On the contrary, it would not be very successful to catalog the apocalyptic belief in the joint appearance of Nero and Antichrist attributed to Martin of Tours as Nero redivivus and by no means as Nero praecursor Antichristi as we can deduce from the text that both appear at the same time and they act in different geographical areas. Therefore, and in the case of the text on the vision about the end’s days from Sulpicius Severus’s teacher, the reappearance of Nero centuries after his death would not be produced previously as that of the Antichrist. In this line, it must be added that Martin does not require that such return needed a prior resurrection, which can be categorized as Nero et Antichristus. Regarding Augustine and more specifically to the first of two beliefs arising from the interpretation of the Pauline concept of the mystery of iniquity, it would be unwise to qualify Nero redivivus as it would be the resurrection of Nero. Nevertheless, it would not be unreasonable to define it with much more precision as Nero quod Antichristus incarnatus, while for the second type of belief, to include as a detail that Nero had not died, would fit better with the expression of Nero rediturus (Nero returns without dying). In the conclusion, it has also been determined that some sections or ideas from books of the New Testament literature and Old Testament as well as some aspects of theological thought developed by some patristic writers on the Antichrist (as the rebuilding of the Temple or the appearance of two “antichristological” figures) would have provided the ideological foundations to shape the apocalyptic thinking based on featuring Nero as a eschatological individual linked to the Antichrist prior to or contemporaneous with the latter. Commodian and Victorinus of Pettau (inspired by the eleventh chapter of the Book of Revelation) resort to the two witnesses and the Beast "rising from the abyss" to shape their apocalyptic visions of Nero as the Antichrist or the Antichrist as Nero (Nero quod Antichristus; Antichristus quod Nero) would end the life of the two witnesses, both been identified as Elijah and Enoch, becoming the new Peter and Paul but especially the apostles of the eschatological times. The texts of both Christian authors could well be cataloged with the following terminology: for Commodian, both Nero quod Antichristus and Antchristus quod Nero could be valid (depending on the consulted work) while for Victorinus of Pettau, the second one would be acceptable. The historical reputation of Nero as the first persecutor in Christian literature inaugurated by Tertullian and maintained unanimously by the future patristic writers would not have been strong enough to think of Nero as a memory of the past. This could be due to the fact that, three hundred years after his death, (of very different) ways the emperor's name would be associated with the Antichrist, confirming the existence of different beliefs of apocalyptic nature and with very similar contents. These would come either from individual authors or probably from tiny Christian groups of millenarian mentality contrary to the official eschatological theology, establishing itself a source of dread or fear unstoppable by the very idea that anyone who undertakes the first persecution and martyrizes Peter and Paul was able to return in the future prior to the Antichrist, incarnated in him or the latter adopting the appearance of the Emperor to trigger a much more violent persecution, becoming the name Nero a clear signal that the end of times was near.

Jiang Zhongying Lineage of Longyan, Fujian: A Case Study of the Reconstruction Of Patriarchal Lineage in Post-socialist China 後社會主義中國宗族的重建--以福建龍巖蔣鍾英宗族為例

Zeng Ye Meng Tian, 曾葉萌恬 2015 (has links)
碩士 國立金門大學 閩南文化研究所 103 By anthropologic definition, lineages are unilineal descent groups organized on the basis of common descent from a known ancestor. Relationship between members is defined by genealogy and they share specific right and duty. In the Hans’ lineage system, the descent is traced in the male line, which is called “patrilineage”. This kind of community relationship form has been lasting thousands of years in China. Although its place in society had been going up and down according particular social environment and history influence, the lineage had never suffered a threat of breaking up until the new China was founded. Following the founding of new China, a serious of socialist campaigns had almost destroying ancestral worship in mainland China. However, since 1978, the reform and openness policy has changed everything from economic system to political and culture. Hence, lineage culture lasts and finally received a brighter future in modern post-socialist society. Zhongying Jiang lineage, has lived in Fujian over 600 years since their forefathers migrated to the Xinluo district in Longyan, Fujian in the Ming dynasty. They thrived in Ming and Qing dynasties when authorities encouraged civilians to worship ancestors and to compile genealogy. The 1911 Revolution and following the establishment of the Republican government had great impact on the Jiang lineage. They also struggled to survive in the wake of Socialism Revolution. But since 2000, the Jiang lineage has been entering a new phase. Different from traditional lineage, the Jiang lineage is doing every effort to develop new directions of lineage’s social function. The research shows a variety of social factors have influenced the Jiang lineage in Longyan, Fujian since China was into post-socialism in 1978. The Jiang lineage’s revival sheds light on the meaning of lineage revival and development for modern Chinese lineages in the urban areas.

Wladimiro Acosta y la vivienda colectiva (1928 - 1935) : su aporte a la innovación arqueológica y tipológica en América Latina

Ranzini, Marcelo 21 July 2015 (has links)
VVladimiro Acosta (WA) was a Russian architect with centro-european modem studies. His moving to Latin America in 1928 he meant one of the most significant contributions to Argentinian architecture. Since his arrival until 1935 he would develop ten social housing prototypes, which although they were never built they still represent one of the main and most complete studies on housing unit. The hypothesis which leads this thesis shows these prototypes as one of the most significant contributions in typological and technological innovation on social housing in Argentina and Latin America. We consider social housing as one of the most relevant contributions of the modern period. lts research places us before a central topic in modern discipline, where it is possible to dig the main lines of an architectonic thought born in Europe during the first half of XX Century. Nevertheless, it is the move to a specific place where we want to place our study field. This material shows the works of an architect with modern studies whose professional development is proposed in and for a different hemisphere. The hypothesis that this work presents, describes the particular evolution as the outcome of the confrontation of a theory acquired following the European avant-garde of the 20s with a different economic and territorial reality. This confrontation between the concept of the european urban and architectonic modernity with the socio-cultural reality in Latin America would allow WA to produce highly innovative proposals. When we focus in the typological and technological innovations WA developed on social housing over this short but fruitful period, leads us to endose accurate enough material so as to visualize one of the most valuable contributions in Argentinian Architecture. The prototypes which are studied were never built. Digital technology was used to the graphic construction of these projects, placing drawing as builders. Thus, drawing becomes a complement which adds up to the final outcome. This tool reveals new aspects of the unit and the whole, going through the exactitude of the three dimension construction. In this investigation the graphic construction adds information which creates an investigation tool to give different shades to the original object of study and states an inquiry position in the historic and productive aspects through the observation of architecture as formal material. In this way, the graphic construction is the protagonist since it adds original information, a new aspect of WA work and its potential. This work is intended to identify the design instruments, the logic train of thought where WA based his prototypes so as to find a kind of genealogy of the projects signed by WA. The peculiar evolution in his proposals guides us to the hypothesis which favors the universality of the modern theory by showing the ability of adaptation to any site. This work does not try to define WA's proposals as modern or local, instead it tries to go beyond a mere labeling, investigating the instruments that the author values in his projects . At the same time, it is of interest to check its validity, probably not directly its use nowadays, but in its recognition as contribution in a field that it is still developing. Wladimiro Acosta (WA) era un arquitecto de origen ruso y de formación moderna centroeuropea. Su traslado a América Latina en 1928 provocaría una de las contribuciones más importantes para la disciplina arquitectónica argentina. Desde su arribo y hasta el año 1935 desarrollaría por iniciativa personal diez prototipos de vivienda colectiva que nunca fueron construidos, y que al día de hoy, siguen representando unos de los principales y más completos estudios referidos al tema de la unidad de vivienda. La hipótesis que rige esta tesis presenta a estos prototipos como uno de los aportes más significativos en innovación tipológica y tecnológica de vivienda colectiva para la disciplina arquitectónica argentina, enseñanza que es extrapolable al conjunto de América Latina. Consideramos la vivienda colectiva como una de las contribuciones relevantes del período moderno. Su exploración nos ubica ante un tema central de la disciplina moderna, donde es posible indagar en los lineamientos fundamentales de un pensamiento arquitectónico surgido en Europa durante la primera mitad del siglo XX. Sin embargo, es en el traslado a un lugar especifico donde nos interesa situar el campo de estudio. Este material presenta la obra de un arquitecto de formación moderna, pero cuyo desarrollo profesional es propuesto en y para un hemisferio diferente. La hipótesis que este trabajo plantea describe esta particular evolución como el producto de la confrontación de una teoría disciplinar asimilada en consonancia con las vanguardias centroeuropeas de la década del veinte, con una realidad económica y territorial sustancialmente diferente. Esta confrontación entre los conceptos de la modernidad urbano arquitectónica europea, con la realidad socio cultural, ambiental, tecnológica y disciplinar de América Latina le permitiría a WA realizar propuestas con un alto componente innovador. Centrarse en las innovaciones tecnológicas y tipológicas de vivienda colectiva realizadas por WA a lo largo de este corto pero fructifero período, conlleva la delimitación de un material suficientemente preciso para visualizar uno de los aportes más valiosos existentes en la disciplina arquitectónica en Argentina. Los prototipos en estudio nunca fueron construidos. Se utiliza la tecnología digital para la construcción gráfica de estos proyectos, poniendo al dibujo en el oficio de constructor. De esta manera se ubica el dibujo como algo complementario, que añade sin redundar. Esta herramienta aporta nuevas visiones de la unidad y del conjunto, sometiéndolos al rigor de su construcción en las tres dimensiones del espacio. En este trabajo de investigación la construcción gráfica produce conocimiento, que se constituye como una herramienta investigativa que intenta aportar nuevas miradas respecto al objeto original de estudio y manifiesta una posición de indagación no solo historiográfica sino productiva, a través de la observación de la arquitectura como material formal. De esta manera la construcción gráfica es protagonista, ya que agrega información original, un nuevo conocimiento de la obra de WA y de sus potencialidades. Es interés de este trabajo identificar los instrumentos de diseño, las lógicas, en las que WA se basara para realizar sus prototipos, con el fin de encontrar una especie de genealogía de los proyectos firmados WA. La particular evolución evidenciada en sus propuestas nos acerca a la hipótesis que defiende el valor de universalidad de la teoría moderna, al denotar una particular facultad de adaptación a un territorio sensiblemente diferente al de su formulación. Este trabajo no intenta enmarcar de moderno ni de local a las propuestas de WA sino de ir más allá de una simple catalogación, indagando en los instrumentos que el autor revaloriza en sus concepciones. A su vez, es interés constatar su vigencia, tal vez no desde su uso estricto en la actualidad, sino en el reconocimiento de su labor como esclarecedor de un campo que actualmente sigue en desarrollo.

La domesticación de los pobres. Combate a la pobreza y política social anti-pobreza como pautas expansivas de la economía de mercado en Chile. Revisión de las áreas salud y vivienda en documentos de estado y caso de estudio Puntilla de Lonquén

Manzo Olmos, Camilo 2015 (has links)
Memoria para optar al título de Geógrafo La presente investigación se define como un trabajo exploratorio destinado a estudiar las territorialidades de Derechos Sociales promovidas por la Política Social Anti-Pobreza chilena (PSAP) en las áreas de salud y vivienda, para el período 1925-1990. Con este propósito se realiza la revisión de documentos de Estado y se toma como caso de estudio la localidad rural de Puntilla de Lonquén, en la comuna de Isla de Maipo, Chile central. Desde la Geografía Política Crítica, la política social anti-pobreza (PSAP) es evaluada como política espacial de expansión y contención del régimen moderno de bienestar y la economía de mercado, propiciando las intervenciones sociales más masivas del S.XX y la articulación mercantil de los territorios. Por una parte se consideran (de la PSAP) sus principales contingencias históricas, fundamentos y dispositivos territoriales de salud y habitación; Por otra parte se analizan algunos de sus impactos en la reestructuración de dinámicas políticas y sociales locales, en la territorialidad habitacional y de salud de la localidad mencionada. A nivel metodológico, la revisión de documentos de Estado emplea al Archivo Nacional de la Administración, mientras que el trabajo territorial es enmarcado por la Cartografía Social y las Entrevistas en profundidad. La información levantada es analizada con genealogía del poder y redes de poder, respectivamente, dando cuenta de las variaciones históricas y pautas territoriales de la política social anti-pobreza, así como algunos de sus efectos sobre la configuración de espacios socialmente desiguales y mercantilizados.

'A black play can take you there' : the question of embodiment in African American women's drama

Khuzam, Maria 2015 (has links)
This research is concerned with the question of embodiment and body representation in plays written by African American women playwrights during the twentieth century. It starts with the early 1920s and ends around the turn of the twentyfirst century. This project negotiates issues of bodily manifestations and the evolvement of this manifestation from one decade to the next. My research is divided into an introduction, six chapters, and a conclusion; each chapter is concerned with examining bodily representation in a certain era. Chronologically presented, the chapters attempt to answer how embodiment at the beginning and at the close of the twentieth century differs. Although the better-known playwrights Susan-Lori Parks, Adrienne Kennedy and Ntozake Shange and the lesser-known playwrights Alice Childress, Sonia Sanchez (better known as a poet), and Marita Bonner share a concern with what might be called the “raced body,” they also seem to share a certain type of maternal heritage passed from one playwright to another. Therefore, this research contributes to the existing scholarship by, firstly, establishing a literary genealogy between African American women playwrights through their shared interest in the utilisation of the body-in-the-world as a form of resistance. Secondly, I present these playwrights as phenomenologists; through using this political body as a way of experiencing the world and experimenting with it, as a way of being in the world, those playwrights –in both modern and postmodern eras—become interpreters of and experimenters with meaning. Their perpetual commitment to defining the position of African American subject, especially that of African American woman, is entwined with an experimental approach of a black body that lives, registers, interprets, and attempts to re-write the hyphenated body (body-in-the-world).

The emergence of mood in Heidegger's phenomenology

Hadjioannou, Christos 2015 (has links)
This thesis offers a genealogical-exegetical account of Heidegger's phenomenology of mood (Stimmung), focusing on his Freiburg and Marburg lectures from 1919 to 1925. In Being and Time, moods manifest the transcendental factical ground of “thrownness” (Geworfenheit) in which an understanding of Being is constituted. However, throughout Heidegger's work, moods have operated as the ground for disclosure, the origin of authentic ontological understanding, the defining character of each historical epoch and as the enactmental urgency that will bring about an ‘other' beginning. This thesis contextualizes Heidegger's accounts of mood within the broader phenomenological project concerning the constitution and grounding of meaning. The first part of the thesis examines the neo-Kantian challenges to philosophy as well as Husserl's response. It further explores the problems Heidegger identifies in Husserl's phenomenology and shows how Heidegger offers a grounding of phenomenological understanding in lived experience, in order to provide a concrete account of a phenomenological “beginning” (Anfang). Heidegger's turn to affects constitutes a radicalization, rather than a repudiation, of Husserlian insights. The second part of the thesis explores Heidegger's earliest accounts of affective phenomena in his interpretations of St. Augustine and Aristotle, where the terminology of Being and Time is developed for the first time. This involves an analysis of Heidegger's accounts of love (Liebe) and joy (Freude) as they figure in the 1920 lecture course Phenomenology of Religious Experience, and analyses the emergence of Angst and other grounding moods (Grundstimmungen). The thesis then looks at Heidegger's early interpretation of Plato and Aristotle in the lecture courses immediately prior to Being and Time, where the technical notion of disposition (Befindlichkeit) emerges, as well as his first analysis of fear (Furcht).

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