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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

The emergence of mood in Heidegger's phenomenology

Hadjioannou, Christos 2015 (has links)
This thesis offers a genealogical-exegetical account of Heidegger's phenomenology of mood (Stimmung), focusing on his Freiburg and Marburg lectures from 1919 to 1925. In Being and Time, moods manifest the transcendental factical ground of “thrownness” (Geworfenheit) in which an understanding of Being is constituted. However, throughout Heidegger's work, moods have operated as the ground for disclosure, the origin of authentic ontological understanding, the defining character of each historical epoch and as the enactmental urgency that will bring about an ‘other' beginning. This thesis contextualizes Heidegger's accounts of mood within the broader phenomenological project concerning the constitution and grounding of meaning. The first part of the thesis examines the neo-Kantian challenges to philosophy as well as Husserl's response. It further explores the problems Heidegger identifies in Husserl's phenomenology and shows how Heidegger offers a grounding of phenomenological understanding in lived experience, in order to provide a concrete account of a phenomenological “beginning” (Anfang). Heidegger's turn to affects constitutes a radicalization, rather than a repudiation, of Husserlian insights. The second part of the thesis explores Heidegger's earliest accounts of affective phenomena in his interpretations of St. Augustine and Aristotle, where the terminology of Being and Time is developed for the first time. This involves an analysis of Heidegger's accounts of love (Liebe) and joy (Freude) as they figure in the 1920 lecture course Phenomenology of Religious Experience, and analyses the emergence of Angst and other grounding moods (Grundstimmungen). The thesis then looks at Heidegger's early interpretation of Plato and Aristotle in the lecture courses immediately prior to Being and Time, where the technical notion of disposition (Befindlichkeit) emerges, as well as his first analysis of fear (Furcht).

Politics between public and private : land ownership transfer in socialist Beijing (1950s - 1970s)

Liu, Chaoqun 2015 (has links)
This research concerns the relations and tensions among the state as an institutional public power, the people congregating as a collective, and private individuals. It intends to investigate these relations through two land politics cases in the Socialist Beijing, set against the historical background of the city and Chinese conceptual contexts. Suggesting certain similarities to public/private demarcation, the thesis starts with a genealogy of the Chinese gong-si division, arguing the moral superiority of the abstract ideas of gong over si; it argues that changing understandings of gong/public and the intricate connections between various gong and si embodiments (i.e. state, collective, family, individual) contribute – and in some ways constitutes -- politics. Based on data acquired by archival work, in-depth interviews and literature reviews, the thesis then grounds the issue into two empirical cases: the land ownership nationalisation in the expansion of Tiananmen Square, and the struggles over property in the Bell&Drum Towers area from the 1950s to 1970s. The thesis argues that the significant power of the state, particularly the compulsory power to expropriate land, depends on moral and political authority attained by its status as a gong embodiment, is dependent on: its constant practice of constructing other bodies such as family and individual as si embodiments; constructing private property and private economy as flawed si; and also on its suppression of other public/gong entities, especially the collective and the city. However, it also argues, challenges from the private/si category and from other potential public/gong bodies always exist too. This is reflected in private people’s strategic use of the normative gong in their daily practices related to property and in many collective practices. It is the divergence between gong and si and the simultaneous intimacy between them that generates politics.

Transcriptomic analysis of the copepod by next generation sequencing (Apocyclops royi and Acartia bilobata ) 以次世代定序分析橈足類之基因轉錄體(短角異劍水蚤與雙葉紡錘水蚤)

Yu-MinJu, 朱育民 2015 (has links)
博士 國立成功大學 生命科學系 103 SUMMARY Copepods play an important role in the aquatic food web in marine and fresh water environments. Among the various species in copepods, Apocyclops royi and Acartia bilobata are very good live feed for fish larvae because of their small size and rich in long chain unsaturated fatty acid. In this study, we used the NGS approach to study the transcriptome of A. royi and A. bilobata, the codon usage bias was also analyzed, and another 3 copepods were selected (Calanus rogercresseyi, Lepeophtheirus salmonis and Tigriopus japonicus) to reconstruct the phylogeny of these species with outgroup of Daphnia pulex. Base on the results, we suggested that 1) A. royi may be able to synthesize DHA and EPA by using linoleic acid (C18:3 n-3) through fatty acid synthesizing pathway; 2) A. bilobata showed a higher expression of Na+/K+-ATPase, H+-ATPase and ATP synthase in diluted seawater; 3) In the codon usage bias pattern, genes of A. bilobata were biased, whereas A. royi was less biased, indicating that A. bilobata might be under compositional translational selection; 4) The estimated coalescence time for the five copepod species was about 454.3-457.4 myr (million years). Our data provided much important information for future copepod study. INTRODUCTION Copepods (Arthropoda: Crustacea) are among the most abundant metazoans in the oceans. They are a very ancient group and are considered to have diverged from other arthropod taxa about 388-522 million years ago. Ten orders comprise the subclass Copepoda, including Calanoida, Cyclopoida, and Harpacticoida, and a total of about 13,000 species are recognized. Copepods play an important role in the aquatic food web in marine and fresh water environments. They are also the best live feed for early stage of fish larvae because of their small size and rich in long chain unsaturated fatty acid, such as DHA and EPA. However, genome resources for copepods are only available for very few species. The information on genomic DNA sequences is increasingly important, especially for non-model organisms such as copepods. Recently, next generation sequencing (NGS) technology enables us to obtain extensive DNA or cDNA sequence information in a short period of time. In this study, we used an NGS approach to study the transcriptome for Apocyclops royi and Acartia bilobata, the codon usage bias was also analyzed, and another 3 copepods were selected (Calanus rogercresseyi, Lepeophtheirus salmonis and Tigriopus japonicus) to reconstruct the phylogeny of these species with outgroup of Daphnia pulex. MATERIALS AND METHODS A. royi and A. bilobata were collected from Tungkang Biotechnology Research Center of Fisheries Research Institute, Taiwan. The experiment was started with salinity acclimation of 20 psu and 30 psu for A. royi and A. bilobata, respectively, and transferred to 15 psu for 5 days. mRNAs were isolated from total RNA using oligo-dT and then converted to double-stranded cDNA. The samples were sequenced using Illumina HiSeqTM 2000. De-novo assembly of transcriptome was carried out using software Trinity. The GO, COG and KEGG annotations for the two copepod species were performed using the automatic annotation tool Blast2GO. The expression level of a transcript was quantified in read per kilobase of the transcript per million mapped reads (RPKM). We analyzed the codon usage bias in A. royi and A. bilobata, the frequency of 59 codons code for 18 amino acids (exclude Met, Trp and termination codons) were determined for all the selected genes. Five codon usage indices, relative synonymous codon usage (RSCU), G+C content at the third position of synonymous codons (GC3s), effective number of codons (ENc), correspondence analysis (COA), and optimal codons, were used to analyze the codon usage in this study. The sequences of A. royi and A. bilobata from annotated unigenes, as well as the sequences of C. rogercresseyi, L. salmonis, T. japonicus and D. pulex (outgroup) obtained from NCBI, were used in reconstructing phylogenetic trees with neighbor-joining method and maximum likelihood method in software MEGA 5.2. Maximum likelihood bootstrap analyses were conducted with 1000 replicates, while the values greater than 70% were shown on trees. The time to the most recent common ancestor (TMRCA) under an MCMC Bayesian approach was estimated with the BEAST 1.7.5. All simulations were performed using the HKY+G model and strict molecular clock with Fixed Rate Model. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION In this study, we obtained 53,363,934 and 55,433,040 NGS reads for A. royi and A. bilobata, respectively, generating 35,363 unigenes (mean size: 941 bp, N50 size: 1,547 bp) and 35,442 unigenes (mean size: 878 bp, N50 size: 1,600 bp) by de novo assembly. By mapping to databases, 20,062 and 17,214 unigenes could be annotated to NCBI Nr, 15,017 and 13,771 unigenes hadKEGG annotations, 8,317 and 8,219 had COG annotations, 4,064 and 3,327 had GO annotations. Some related enzymes involving in synthesizing long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids were identified, revealing that A. royi may be able to synthesize DHA and EPA through fatty acid synthesizing pathway. Since salinity is an important environmental factor for crustacean survival, we further analyzed the genes (Na+/K+-ATPase, H+-ATPase and ATP synthase) related to osmoregulation and found significant differences in gene expression between the two species. A. bilobata showed a higher expression of Na+/K+-ATPase, H+-ATPase and ATP synthase in diluted seawater. Analysis of codon usage bias indicated some biases occurred at the genes of A. bilobata, whereas genes of A. royi was less biased, suggesting a complex pattern in codon usage in copepods. The result implied that A. bilobata was under compositional translational selection. The genealogical analysis of 31 orthologous genes displayed 20 tree topologies, 14 trees of which showed that C. rogercressyi and L. salmonis were most closely related. Furthermore, the estimated coalescence time for the five species was about 454.3-457.4 myr (million years) ago. CONCLUSION The A. royi and A. bilobata transcriptome analyzed using the next generation sequencing technique enhance our knowledge on the copepods genes, which will facilitate our understanding of the crustacean genome, and advances the studies on copepod.

A Study of the Morphogenesis and Metamorphosis of Manila 馬尼拉的源起與演化

Chao Yu-Hsien, 趙于嫻 2015 (has links)
碩士 東海大學 建築學系 103 Metropolitan Manila is the national capital and premier urban region of the Philippines. Within this region, the city of Manila is recognized as the historic core of both Metro Manila and the Philippines. It was also the colonial capital under more than three centuries of Spanish rule and four decades of American administration. Its geographic location and historical background had fostered unique dynamics in the genealogy and evolution of its urban form. This thesis aims to provide multi-faceted knowledge of urban development in Manila by augmenting the study of morphology with political, economic and social aspects of its history. In line with its purposes, this thesis begins by formulating a theoretical framework through which the myriad factors and forces that had shaped the urban form can be organized; such that trends or patterns of development can be inferred and superimposed upon physical development. The thesis continues with the study of protohistoric Manila and the beginning of indigenous communities in the area. This is followed by an in-depth examination of Spanish colonial Manila from its founding in 1565 until it was ceded to the United States in 1898. The evolution of Spanish Manila is classified under three phases of urban growth and development, as defined by dominant factors and forces during those times. The study then investigates American colonial Manila, its developing characteristics, and colonial policies that attempted to reshape the built environment. At the end of the American regime, Metro Manila was an expanding semi-circular urban area anchored in physical form by the Spanish walled city of Intramuros, and in economic function by the commercial hub of Binondo. History presents the urban evolution of Manila as physical manifestations of constant conflicts and compromises among foreign interests, colonial forces, contextual factors, and indigenous traits. Consequently, these historical struggles also instigated pervasive trends in land use and urban growth that have catalyzed the region’s development into the Metro Manila that exists today.

O autor segundo ele mesmo : a escrita de si em Cadernos de Lanzarote, de José Saramago

Fernandes, Fernanda Buzzon. 2015 (has links)
Orientadora: Sandra Aparecida Ferreira Banca: Clarice Zamonaro Cortez Banca: Cátia Inês Negrão Berlini de Andrade Resumo: A dissertação analisa as transgressões temático-formais empreendidas pelo escritor português José Saramago, nas obras Cadernos de Lanzarote (1998a) e Cadernos de Lanzarote II (1999), em relação ao diário, sobretudo em sua modalidade inautêntica, caracterizada por uma construção menos espontânea, em razão da publicação - divulgação a leitores diversos do diarista-, que a modifica formal e tematicamente, bem como em referência ao diálogo com o público. O primeiro capítulo tem como centro a genealogia do diário. O segundo é dedicado à apreciação crítica de Cadernos de Lanzarote. As transgressões genéricas e as vozes autorais são consideradas no terceiro capítulo. O propósito desta dissertação é discutir como, em oposição aos diários tradicionais, a obra autorreferencial do escritor português é pública, e não privativa, apresentando características particulares quanto aos paradigmas do gênero. Para alcançar tal propósito, a dissertação procura fornecer uma apresentação teórica mais detalhada do diário, contemplando-o desde sua origem - há aproximadamente 3.000 a.C., concomitantemente à invenção da escrita - até a contemporaneidade, ocasião em que se verifica a revolução promovida pela web 2.0 na escritura autorreferencial Abstract: The dissertation analyzes the thematic and formal transgressions undertaken by Portuguese writer José Saramago, in the works Cadernos de Lanzarote (1998a) and Cadernos de Lanzarote II (1999), in relation to the diary, especially in its inauthentic mode, featured by a less spontaneous construction, because of the publication - disclosure to many readers completely different from the diarist - that changes it formal and thematically, and in reference to the dialogue with the audience. The first chapter is about the genealogy of the diary. The second is devoted to critical appreciation of Cadernos de Lanzarote. Generic transgressions, the authorship voices are considered in the third chapter. The purpose of this paper is to discuss how, as opposed to traditional journals, the self-referential work of Portuguese writer is public, not private, with particular characteristics regarding gender paradigms. To achieve this purpose, the dissertation seeks to provide a more detailed theoretical presentation of the diary, contemplating it from its origin - there were about 3,000 BC, concomitantly with the invention of writing - until nowadays, when it occurs the revolution brought by Web 2.0 I the self-referential writing Mestre

De madres y de expertos: Saber/poder en el discurso psi sobre el cuidado materno

Calquín Donoso, Claudia 28 October 2015 (has links)
El trabajo de investigación doctoral que presentamos a continuación se centra en la construcción socio/sexual del cuidado materno y el amor de madre, en el periodo histórico de la segunda posguerra mundial (1945-1960). La tesis que se propone es que lo materno es resultado de una serie de conexiones entre saberes y políticas, así como de múltiples tecnologías materiales y semióticas por medio de los cuales se produce, se regula y organiza una forma de domesticidad y maternidad estrechamente vinculada a la emergencia de la sociedad de consumo y que marcó una ruptura respecto a los modelos anteriores. El cuidado y el amor de madre se piensan menos como experiencias construidas por las mujeres, que resultados de intervenciones ajenas, en función de determinados intereses políticos, económicos, ideológicos o religiosos y de modo puntual en este trabajo, de un conjunto de demandas provenientes del campo psi y sus alianzas con el Estado y el mercado. La pregunta que guio el desarrollo de la investigación es ¿cuáles son las articulaciones históricas entre saber y poder que conforman la experiencia del cuidado materno realizado por las mujeres? De modo puntual, y siguiendo la tesis de Michel Foucault respecto a las relaciones entre saber y poder – saber/poder- se analiza la emergencia de un nuevo objeto de conocimiento en el campo de las disciplinas psi (psicoanálisis, psicología y psiquiatría), resultado de lo que se llamó el giro hacia la madre de la teoría psicoanalítica, impulsado por un grupo de psicoanalistas refugiados por la guerra en E.UU. Este giro supuso la emergencia de una nueva formación discursiva y por consiguiente la construcción de un nuevo objeto de conocimiento: el apego. Siguiendo el modelo genealógico propuesto por el filósofo francés, se reconstruyeron las condición de posibilidad histórica de esta nueva formación discursiva así como las transformaciones de las propias reglas de formación del discurso psi que permitieron dar un salto cualitativo en su desarrollo teórico, y una transformación sustancial de sus objetos, metodologías y explicaciones. Con este objetivo se analizó un fragmento de la historia de las mujeres occidentales así como un fragmento de la historia el campo psi vinculadas a la emergencia a partir de las guerras mundiales, de un modelo de feminidad llamado el modelo de la domesticidad, en medio de lo que Susan Sontag (2005) llamó una imaginación del desastre. Para ello se analizaron las condiciones históricas de la guerra fría, así como el nacimiento del estado de bienestar y la tecnificación y automatización de la casa y los trabajos reproductivos. El modelo occidental de la domesticidad de posguerra fue a la vez el resultado de los movimientos de la guerra fría y un locus de enunciación a través del cual se performaron sus imaginarios, especialmente el del american way of life. Esta domesticidad vinculó los múltiples deseos de las mujeres en un deseo monolítico de familia, privacidad y consumo y a través de ella se corporalizaron unas tecnologías de poder específicas dirigidas a gobernar la vida y la reproducción, construyendo cuerpos femeninos bajo lo que Rich (1986) llamó el imperativo heterosexual y Wittig (2005) la heterosexualidad obligatoria. Fueron tres los movimientos que hicieron posible la aparición de este nuevo objeto de estudio (superficie de formación) y la epistemologización de los objetos del psicoanálisis: las propias limitaciones de las reglas del discurso clínico psicoanalítico y que Bowlby modificó profundamente a partir de la introducción de la observación experimental , por otro, las condiciones históricas de la guerra fría y finalmente, la alianzas socio-técnicas del psicoanálisis con las ciencias de la información y las máquinas de guerra –que en tiempos de paz se diversificaron además como máquinas domésticas-.El campo psi sufrió todo un proceso de modificación de sus objetos, sus metodologías y su función social, al incorporar dentro de sus explicaciones las tecnologías semióticas de guerra –como la teoría cibernética y el lenguaje de códigos- erigiéndose en un dispositivo de control tanto de la normalidad como de la anormalidad, a través de un movimiento en que el mundo interior y las emociones pasaron a ocupar un lugar central en la producción y reproducción capitalistas. Finalmente se plantea que las relaciones entre la historia de la psicología y la historia de las mujeres, pueden dar las claves para comprender los nuevos modos de subjetivación que emergen con el capitalismo pos-fordista, también que el cuidado y el amor de madre caben ser comprendidas como ficciones políticas encarnadas y que es preciso comprenderlas desde un proceso de ciborgización de lo psi, pues tanto las identidades femeninas como la identidad de este campo - su visibilidad así como sus modos de existencia - no pueden ser pensado sin la participación de los animales como de las máquinas. The doctoral research we present below is focused in the socio/sexual construction of maternal care and “mother’s love”, during the postwar world II historical period (1945 – 1960). The thesis proposal is that maternity is the result of a number of connections between knowledge and politics, as well as multiple material and semiotic technologies through which domesticity and maternity are produced, regulated and organized, in a way closely linked to the rise of consumer society , breaking with previous models. Mother’s love and care are less built from women experiences that from external action of political, economic, ideological or religious interests. Specifically in this research, from the demands of “psi” field, as well as its partnership with both state and market. The research question then was: which are the historical links between knowledge and power that shape the experience of maternal care for women? Following to Michel Foucault’s thesis about the relations between knowledge and power, maternity is analyzed as a new object of knowledge in the “psi” sciences field (psychoanalysis, psychology and psychiatry), result of the so called “turn to the mother” in psychoanalytic theory, powered by a group of war refugees psychoanalists in the United States. This turn supposed the rise of a new discursive formation and therefore the construction of a new object of knowledge: attachment. According to the genealogical model proposed for the French philosopher, this new discursive formation historical conditions of possibility are rebuilt, as well as the transformation of “psi” speech rules during the postwar period. For this purpose, a fragment of the history of Western women was analyzed, as well as a fragment of the history of psi field, linked to the rise since world wars period of a domesticity model of feminity, in the middle of what Susan Santong called “imagination of disaster”. For that, historical conditions of cold war are analyzed, as well as the birth of welfare state, and reproductive work technification and automatization. The occidental postwar model of domesticity was both a result of cold war movements, and a locus of enunciation through which their imaginaries, especially the American way of life, were performed. This domesticity linked the multiplicity of women desires in the one monolithic desire of family, privacy and consume. Also through domesticity, specific power technologies directed to govern life and reproduction were embodied, building female bodies under what Rich (1986) called heterosexual imperative, and Wittig (2005) compulsory heterosexuality. There were three movements that enable both the appearance of this new research object and the episthemologyzation of psychoanalysis objects: first, the very own limitations of psychoanalysis clinical speech rules, wich Bowlby changed deeply with the introduction of experimental observation; second, the historical conditions of cold war; and finally, the socio – technical alliance of psychoanalysis with information sciences and war machines – which during peace time diversified also as domestic machines. The psi field experienced a process of modification in their objects, methodologies and social function, by the incorporation of explanations from war semiotic technologies, -such as cybernetic theory or code language-. It became then into a dispositive of control for both normality and abnormality, by positioning emotions and inner world as central places for capitalist production and reproduction. Finally, it is proposed that relationships between history of psychology and history of women could give us some clues to understand the new ways of subjectivation that rise with post fordist capitalism. Also, mother’s love and care are understood as embodied political fictions, so it would be needed to understand them as a “cyborg-ization” process of psi field, since both female identities and psi field identity cannot be throught without the participation of animals and machines.

Editando vidas : focos do DSM na medicalização social

Silva, Angela Batista da. 2015 (has links)
Orientador: Márcia Reami Pechula Banca: Maria Aparecida Affonso Moysés Banca: Antonios Terzis Banca: Resumo: O estudo sobre a origem das categorias diagnósticas investigará se o modelo de método da Psiquiatria, materializado no Manual Diagnóstico Estatístico dos Transtornos Mentais (DSM), concebido com finalidades clinicas, de pesquisa e ensino, contribui, ou não, com a continuidade da afirmação histórica da realidade humana, agora codificada e legitimada por categorias diagnósticas. O interesse por esse objeto de investigação se deveu à assimilação do volume de pessoas diagnosticadas, medicadas e encaminhadas aos atendimentos especializados nas áreas da educação especial e saúde mental, nas quais atuo como Psicóloga e que diariamente me trazem a inquietante pergunta: vivemos tempos em que o adoecimento mental é uma realidade produzida ou é característica inerente ao humano? Diante desse contexto, construo uma alegoria, utilizando a linguagem cinematográfica de Eisenstein, com suporte do referencial teórico e metodológico de Foucault, para refletir sobre as realidades que temos produzido, porque, através das técnicas do cinema, aproximo-me dos processos e sentidos que permeiam a construção de uma realidade-cena, que se assemelha àquela em que transitamos. Assim, realizei, em três sequências, segundo a sugestão de Foucault (1996), uma análise crítica do que diz o discurso dos profissionais que atuam nos contextos que problematizo; uma análise genealógica do que diz o discurso do Manual Diagnóstico Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais (DSM); e, por fim, porém não separado do que dizem os dois discursos, o que revela a história da Psiquiatria e da Doença Mental. Esse procedimento, orientado por meus referenciais teóricos, pode significar o caminho para descoberta de como o modelo para amparar intervenções e atuações profissionais do cotidiano é um método ou um artifício de reprodução de descontinuidades históricas. Durante o desenvolvimento do enredo preocupei-me em construir um cenário carregado de... Abstract: This study on the origins of the diagnostic categories will investigate whether the Psychiatric model, materialized in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) - that nominates itself to clinical finalities for research and education - contributes or not with the continuity of the historical affirmative of interdictions to humane realities, now codified and legitimated to diagnostic categories. The interest for this object of investigation came out of the volume of diagnosed people who are also medicated and led into specialized mental health and educational services where I practice as a psychologist and in which I daily ask myself: are the times we are living in producing the mental disorders or these are something inherent in human being? That is the context in which I built an allegory using the cinematographic language of Eisenstein, along with a theoretical and methodological support of Foucault to think about the realities that we have been producing. Through the language of cinema, I approach the processes and meanings that create a scenery that resembles the dynamics of our everyday lives. Therefore I created three sequences in which I perform a critical analysis of the speeches of the professionals that work in the areas of psychology and education, as well as a genealogical of the DSM discourse, taking in consideration the history of psychiatry. This procedure is the pathway to find out whereas our current guide to deal with mental disorders is a method or an artifice of historical discontinuity reproduction. During the plot, my concern was to build a scenery overloaded with experiences I lived in my practice as a psychologist. The voice of Simão Bacamarte from the book The Alienist by Machado de Assis, comes into the scene to represent mental health professionals as myself. Hopefully this research will contribute to problematize the perceptions of the professionals From the areas of education and mental ... Mestre

Paul among the apocalypses? : an evaluation of the 'apocalyptic Paul' in the context of Jewish and Christian apocalyptic literature

Davies, James P. 2015 (has links)
One of the most lively and enduring debates in New Testament studies is the question of the significance of ‘apocalyptic' thought in Paul. This has recently given birth to a group of scholars, with a common theological genealogy, who share a concern to emphasise the ‘apocalyptic' nature of Paul's gospel. Leading figures of this group are J. Louis Martyn, Martinus de Boer, Beverly Gaventa and Douglas Campbell. The work of this group has not been received without criticism, drawing fire from various quarters. However, what is often lacking (on both sides) is detailed engagement with the texts of the Jewish and Christian apocalypses. This dissertation attempts to evaluate the ‘apocalyptic Paul' movement through an examination of its major theological emphases in the light of the Jewish apocalypses 1 Enoch, 4 Ezra, 2 Baruch and the Christian book of Revelation. Placing Paul in this literary and historical context confirms his place as an apocalyptic thinker, but raises important questions about how this is construed in these recent approaches. Each chapter will address one of four interrelated themes: epistemology, eschatology, cosmology and soteriology. The study intends to suggest that the ‘apocalyptic Paul' movement is characterised at key points in each area by potentially false dichotomies, strict dualisms which unnecessarily screen out what Paul's apocalyptic thought affirms.

Food aid, power and profit : an historical analysis of the relation between food aid and governance in Sudan

Jaspars, Susanne Sophia Elisabeth 2015 (has links)
Sudan represents one of the world's most severe protracted crises and the country is one of the world's longest-running and largest recipients of food aid. The recent Darfur conflict led to the World Food Programme's largest operation globally. Yet by 2014 international agencies had only limited access to war-affected populations and had decreased food aid despite ongoing conflict, and the Sudan government had come to control who received food aid. Malnutrition levels remained high. This thesis argues that the 'actually existing development' resulting from long-term food aid has benefited the Sudan government and private sector but abandons populations to become resilient to permanent emergency. Using concepts of governmentality and genealogy, the thesis explores how food aid regimes of practices have co-evolved with local governance. It analyses the links between practices, their underlying concepts and assumptions, the truths they produce, and the actual as well as intended effects. The focus is on their effects on human behaviour, power relations and political economy, and the implications for local livelihoods. Methods included examining policy documents, project reports, and interviews with government officials, aid workers, traders, transporters and beneficiaries in Khartoum and North Darfur. Shifts between regimes of practices were brought about by changes in global politics, food crises, the failures of food aid practices and reactions by the Sudan government, which led to a gradual depoliticisation and neoliberalisation of food security and nutrition. In fifty years, food aid has rarely had the effect of saving lives and supporting livelihoods, but the consequences for Sudan's political economy and its aid system have been enormous. The thesis analyses these political and economic consequences and how long-term food aid has led to the Sudan government's own food aid apparatus. The research contributes to knowledge about the political economy of aid and highlights the need for radical reform of the aid industry.

Transographic inquiry : ain't I a trans-woman?

Pyrsou, Bubukee Chloe Aggelos 2015 (has links)
This thesis investigates trans-embodiment by outlining diverse forms of understanding of what it means to become trans- through various theoretical frameworks, drawing from queer and transtheory, medical discourse, the philosophical preconditions of their emergence and their interrelation. As such it explores and discusses different discursive positions- often contradictory and conflicting - that I as a transgendering subject have found myself "in between" at various spaces and times, in order to sketch a plethora of perspectives. It offers an alternative to the current deadlock between essentialist theories of the subject and queer appropriations oftransgender experience, by showing both their limitations and their strengths in addressing transgender embodiment. This is accomplished by my writing alongside specific events and their consequences in my understanding and positionality of self. Furthermore, I juxtapose and intertwine this life -writing with an analytics of power that investigates the particularities which usually go unacknowledged, as a response to the homologous positions in which the trans-subject has been traditionally positioned. Using an authoethnographic methodology that is situated within the narrative turn in the social sciences, this project aims to address socio-political issues in relation to embodiment, as these are understood through a range of poststructuralist authors. In effect, it documents and problematises the process of transitioning between genders, by arguing that the 'I' that seems in authority in an investigation of its subject position is instead contingent on the availability of social narratives and spaces that a body transverses. In order to explore such contingency, the thesis employs diverse conceptualizations in a genealogical journey through the various discourses that together form a practice that reflects a rhizomatic sensibility of the parallel movement of entanglement between theory and embodiment. Consequently, by elevating the importance of located knowledges within a terrain monopolised by dominant abstractions, the study concludes in an open-ended manner, whilst remaining firmly situated in the value of local and specific, reflexive and performative accounts.

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