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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
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Os usos do conceito de transfobia e as abordagens das formas específicas de violência contra pessoas trans por organizações do movimento trans no Brasil / Los usos del concepto de transfobia y los abordajes de las formas específicas de violencia contra personas trans por organizaciones del movimiento trans en Brasil

Podestà, Lucas Lima de 04 September 2018 (has links)
Submitted by Onia Arantes Albuquerque (onia.ufg@gmail.com) on 2018-10-16T14:37:12Z No. of bitstreams: 2 Dissertação - Lucas Lima de Podestà - 2018.pdf: 5955295 bytes, checksum: 080fcfff25ce429647c80c1ccbc0cd52 (MD5) license_rdf: 0 bytes, checksum: d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427e (MD5) / Approved for entry into archive by Luciana Ferreira (lucgeral@gmail.com) on 2018-10-17T10:20:51Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 2 Dissertação - Lucas Lima de Podestà - 2018.pdf: 5955295 bytes, checksum: 080fcfff25ce429647c80c1ccbc0cd52 (MD5) license_rdf: 0 bytes, checksum: d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427e (MD5) / Made available in DSpace on 2018-10-17T10:20:51Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 2 Dissertação - Lucas Lima de Podestà - 2018.pdf: 5955295 bytes, checksum: 080fcfff25ce429647c80c1ccbc0cd52 (MD5) license_rdf: 0 bytes, checksum: d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427e (MD5) Previous issue date: 2018-09-04 / Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior - CAPES / El presente trabajo tiene por finalidad estudiar sociológicamente algunas discusiones y tensiones teóricas dentro del nuevo campo que son los estudios transgéneros. Mis objetivos se circunscriben a dos tipos de análisis: el principal, el de los usos del concepto de transfobia, u otro concepto analítico respecto a la violencia contra personas trans, en informes de violencia producidos por organizaciones del movimiento trans brasileño en el Brasil contemporáneo (especialmente desde la década de 2010), utilizando el análisis del discurso. El trabajo también alcanza otros análisis, a ejemplo de la apropiación creciente de la categoría trans (a través de o refiriéndose a transgénero o transgeneridad), así como categorías académicas importantes en nuestro campo de estudios como género y cuerpo. Considero importante también la elaboración de las claves conceptuales relacionando transgeneridad, estigma, abyección y transfobia. De la misma forma, estudio también de qué forma la precipitación e interés en el uso de esas nuevas categorías (transfobia y trans) tiene relación con la consolidación y maduración del movimiento trans brasileño, tras la fragmentación del movimiento homosexual de hace una o dos décadas y en un contexto de nuevas formas de activismo, como el activismo vía red mundial de computadoras (o ciberactivismo). / The present work aims to study sociologically some discussions and theoretical tensions within the new field that are transgender studies. My objectives are limited to two types of mapping: the main one, on the uses of the concept of transphobia, or another analytical concept regarding violence against trans people, in reports of violence produced by organizations of the Brazilian trans movement in the Contemporary Brazil (especially since the decade of 2010), using discourse analysis. The work additionally reaches other mappings, such as the increasing appropriation of the category trans (through or referring to transgender(ness) or transgenderism), as well as important academic categories in our field of studies such as gender and body. I also consider important the formulation of the conceptual keys relating transgenderness, stigma, abjection and transphobia. Likewise, I study how the precipitation and interest in the use of these new categories (transfobia and trans) is related to the consolidation and maturation of the Brazilian trans social movement, succeeding the fragmentation of the homosexual movement a decade or two ago, and in the context of new forms of activism, such as activism via the global computer network (or cyberactivism). / O presente trabalho tem por finalidade estudar sociologicamente algumas discussões e tensões teóricas dentro do novo campo que são os estudos transgêneros. Meus objetivos se circunscrevem a dois tipos de mapeamentos: o principal, dos usos do conceito de transfobia, ou outro conceito analítico a respeito da violência contra pessoas trans, em relatórios de violência produzidos por organizações do movimento trans brasileiro no Brasil contemporâneo (nomeadamente a partir da década de 2010), utilizando-me da análise do discurso. Figurando como objetivos secundários, porém caminhos necessários, o trabalho também alcança outros mapeamentos, a exemplo da apropriação crescente da categoria trans (através de ou referindo-se a transgênero ou transgeneridade), bem como categorias acadêmicas importantes no nosso campo de estudos como gênero e corpo. Considero importante igualmente a elaboração das chaves conceituais relacionando transgeneridade, estigma, abjeção e transfobia. Da mesma forma, estudo também de que forma a precipitação e interesse no uso dessas novas categorias (transfobia e trans) tem relação com a consolidação e amadurecimento do movimento trans brasileiro, após a fragmentação do movimento homossexual brasileiro uma ou duas décadas atrás e num contexto de novas formas de ativismo, como o ativismo via rede mundial de computadores (ou ciberativismo) .
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[en] TRAVESTI PROSTITUTION IN BRAZIL: READING AGENCY AND SOVEREIGNTY THROUGH DISSIDENT SEXUALITIES / [pt] PROSTITUIÇÃO TRAVESTI NO BRASIL: LENDO AGÊNCIA E SOBERANIA POR MEIO DE SEXUALIDADES DISSIDENTES

AMANDA ALVARES FERREIRA 29 May 2018 (has links)
[pt] Prostituição Travesti no Brasil: lendo agência e soberania por meio de sexualidades dissidentes investiga as subjetividades marginalizadas de travestis no contexto brasileiro para analisar discursos no âmbito local e internacional. Conduzo uma crítica de discursos sobre tráfico sexual e prostituição, apontando para a naturalização de normas de gênero que impedem o entendimento sobre experiências que excedem o binário prostituta versus vítima do tráfico. Para fazê-lo, analiso, por meio de uma perspectiva foucaultiana e queer butleriana, as subjetividades travestis que se constituem justamente no bojo das práticas de prostituição. Proponho, nesta lógica, que essas experiências permitem tanto sua resistência quanto sujeição às regulações de gênero que são legíveis. Por fim, apresento uma crítica à formação de uma sociedade biopolítica no Brasil: apontando que um poder soberano predomina em fazer morrer estes corpos ininteligíveis, para que se permita o fazer viver de subjetividades consideradas normais em termos de gênero, raça e classe. Isso abre a possibilidade de refletir o Estado brasileiro que nega sua queerness ao procurar se adequar aos discursos de homonormatividade e de defesa da comunidade LGBTTQI que surgem no âmbito internacional, mas ainda permite que se exerça um poder soberano sobre corpos transexuais não-ideiais. / [en] Travesti Prostitution in Brazil: reading agency and sovereignty through dissident sexualities investigates the marginalised subjectivities of travestis within the Brazilian context, to analyse discourses both in the local and international realm. I conduct a critique of discourses on sex-trafficking and prostitution, pointing to the naturalisation of gender norms that hinders an understanding of experiences that exceed the binary prostitute versus trafficking victim. To do so, I analyse, through a foucauldian and butlerian queer perspective, travestis subjectivities that constitute themselves precisely in the field of prostitution practices. I propose, therefore, that these experiences allow both resistance and subjection to gender regulations that are legible in the preset society. Finally, I present a critique to the formation of a biopolitical society in Brazil: pointing that a sovereign power predominates in making die these unintelligible bodies, so that subjectivities considered normal in gender, race, and class terms can be made live. This opens the possibility of reflecting on how the Brazilian state denies its queerness as it tries to adequate itself to homonormative speeches, as well as to discourses of defense of LGBTTQI community, that emerge in the international realm, but still allows that a sovereign power is exercised over non-ideal transsexual bodies.
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Trans* identita a rodičovství v České republice / Trans* Identity and Parenting in the Czech Republic

Vostárková, Lucie January 2018 (has links)
This diploma thesis deals with experiences and ideas of parenting trans*'s persons in the context of their identity. I primarily follow feminist theories and constructivist paradigm, where the research being realized through semi-structured interviews. In the theoretical part I define the basic terms and concepts on which my work is based. I focus on the conceptualization of trans* identities, on the concept of transsexuality in the Czech medical and socio-legal discourse, as well as on their limits in terms of gender perspective. Furthermore, I present the partnership and sexual relations of trans* persons, which then lead me to parenthood itself in the context of trans * identities. Finally, I deal with the coming-out process, especially with a focus on offspring. Within the analytical part I am interested in the attitude of trans* people to prevent reproductive function as the legal condition of gender transition, what reproductive ways and ways of parenting they choose, what obstacles they encounter in the context of parenthood and how they perform their parental role. Key words: gender, trans* identity, heteronormativity, coming out, homophobia, transphobia, limits of identity, parenting, parenting role, kids
14

Atos de fala transfóbicos no ciberespaço : uma análise pragmática da violência linguística

Silva, Danillo da Conceição Pereira 25 August 2017 (has links)
In the Brazilian society, aggravated by unequal distribution of economic assets, sociocultural and political rights, the issue of gender violence gains particular importance when it talks about the dynamics of production and subordination of certain identities (HALL, 2007). So, as a result of the dictates of a patriarchal and sexist social model, lifes background that do not comply with the matrix of binary gender and current cisgender are relegated to an abject condition, victimized by transphobia, scourge which according to a report from the NGO Transgender Europe (2016), puts Brazil as the leading country in murders of trans people in the world. With no doubt the language while social practice situated assumes a particular role in this panorama. In addition, in dialog with the Gender Studies (FOUCAULT, 1988; BUTLER, 1997, 2000; LOURO, 2000; BENTO, 2006; BORBA; OSTERNANN, 2007, 2008), the objective of this research is to expand the theoretical-analytical emerging in language studies, in a critical perspective in terms of the linguistic violence (SILVA, 2014) of transphobic motivation, performed in the cyberspace thanks to the strength of illocutionary speech acts that take place under certain ritual forms, through the update and (re-) establishment of specific contexts (DURANTI; GOODWIN, 1992; SILVESTREIN, 1993; HANKS, 2008). In order to forward such a proposal, we assume the pragmatics of language, stemming both from the Philosophy of Language (AUSTIN, 1990 [1962]; WITTGENSTEIN, 1975; DERRIDA, 1991a, 1991b; BUTLER, 1997), and the new Pragmatic Linguistic (MEY,1985; 2001; 2014; RAJAGOPALAN, 2010; ALENCAR, 2010; SILVA, 2012). The corpus used in this study are transphobic speech acts conducted in the cyberspace, present in 17 online comments posted on the website G1 news, between the months of June 2015 and June 2016, in three stories related to the staging of the transsexual actress and model Viviany Belleboni, during the 19th edition of the LGBT Pride parade in São Paulo. Based on a qualitative methodology, interpretative and exploratory, we set the concept of contextualization cues (GUMPERZ, 1998 [1982]), in order to analyze the corpus and to answer the following research questions: i) Under which ritual forms is the violence linguistics motivated by transphobia? ii) Which contexts are (re) introduced to confer the illocutionary strength to this particular type of violent speech act? iii) Which contextual positions the aggressors and victims are asked to take place in these linguistic contexts? The results obtained by analysis of this research suggest, roughly, to the restoration of violent contexts, in which emerges from the strength of illocutionary speech of transphobic acts, capable of subordinate and injure trans people through language, relating to a) the anthropological conditions and social abject which the trans population are relegated; b) to the Christian religion and their narratives, which are aimed to domesticate and to control individuals, producing docile bodies and subjects; c) the medical-scientific knowledge and its effects of truth produced by biologists beliefs of the relation between body and identity; d) to the coloniality devices and standardization in operation of transphobia; and e) the boundaries between subtle physically violence and that performed in the language, producing what is called continuum of violence. / Na sociedade brasileira, complexificada pela desigual distribuição de bens econômicos, socioculturais e políticos, a problemática da violência de gênero ganha particular relevo, inclusive no que tange às dinâmicas de produção e de subalternização de determinadas identidades (HALL, 2007). Assim, como consequência dos ditames de um modelo social patriarcal e machista, formas de vida não conformes com a matriz de gênero binária e cisnormativa vigente são relegadas a uma condição abjeta, vitimadas pela transfobia, flagelo este que, segundo relatório da ONG Transgender Europe (2016), coloca o Brasil como o país líder em assassinatos de pessoas trans no mundo. Sem sombra de dúvida, a linguagem, enquanto prática social situada, assume papel particular neste panorama. Diante disso, em diálogo com os Estudos de Gênero (FOUCAULT, 1988; BUTLER, 1997, 2000; LOURO, 2000; BENTO, 2006; BORBA; OSTERNANN, 2007, 2008), o objetivo geral desta pesquisa consiste em ampliar os desdobramentos teórico-analíticos emergentes nos estudos da linguagem, em perspectiva crítica, no que tange à violência linguística (SILVA; ALENCAR, 2014) de motivação transfóbica, performativizada, no ciberespaço, graças à força ilocucionária de atos de fala que se realizam sob determinadas formas rituais, mediante a atualização e o (re) estabelecimento de contextos específicos (DURANTI; GOODWIN, 1992; SILVESTREIN, 1993; HANKS, 2008). A fim de encaminhar tal proposta, assumimos perspectivas pragmáticas de linguagem, advindas tanto da Filosofia da Linguagem (AUSTIN, 1990 [1962]; WITTGENSTEIN, 1975; DERRIDA, 1991a, 1991b; BUTLER, 1997), quanto da nova Pragmática Linguística (MEY,1985; 2001; 2014; RAJAGOPALAN, 2010; ALENCAR, 2010; SILVA, 2012). O corpus utilizado neste estudo são atos de fala transfóbicos realizados no ciberespaço, presentes em 17 comentários online postados no site de notícias G1, entre os meses de junho de 2015 e junho de 2016, em três matérias jornalísticas relacionadas à encenação da atriz e modelo transexual Viviany Belleboni, durante a 19º edição da Parada do Orgulho LGBT de São Paulo. Baseando-nos numa metodologia qualitativa, interpretativa e exploratória, acionamos a noção de pistas de contextualização (GUMPERZ, 1998 [1982]), a fim de analisar o corpus com vistas a responder às seguintes perguntas de pesquisa: i) Sob que formas rituais e convencionais se realiza a violência linguística motivada pela transfobia? ii) Que contextos são (re) instaurados para conferir força ilocucionária a esse tipo específico de ato de fala violento? iii) Que posições contextuais agressores e vítimas são interpelados a ocuparem nesses contextos linguísticos violentos? Os resultados obtidos pelas análises desta investigação apontam, grosso modo, para o reestabelecimento de contextos violentos, dos quais emerge a força ilocucionária dos atos de fala transfóbicos, capazes de subalternizar e ferir pessoas trans por meio da linguagem, relativos a) às condições antropológicas e sociais abjetas às quais as populações trans são relegadas; b) à religião cristã e suas narrativas, que visam docilizar e disciplinarizar indivíduos, produzindo, assim, corpos e sujeitos dóceis; c) aos poderes-saberes médico-científicos e seus efeitos de verdade produzidos sobre crenças biologicistas da relação entre corpo e identidade; d) aos dispositivos de colonialidade e normatização em funcionamento na transfobia; e e) às fronteiras tênues entre a violência perpetrada fisicamente e aquela desempenhada na linguagem, produzindo o que denominamos continuum das violências. / São Cristóvão, SE
15

Transfobia no percurso denunciativo brasileiro: um estudo a partir do Disque Direitos Humanos da Presidência da República

Andrade, Vinícius Novais Gonçalves de 15 December 2017 (has links)
Submitted by admin tede (tede@pucgoias.edu.br) on 2018-04-24T14:36:01Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Vinicius Novais Gonçalves de Andrade.pdf: 2691872 bytes, checksum: 4a4aa37df4d3391d5dae8ffe25627546 (MD5) / Made available in DSpace on 2018-04-24T14:36:01Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Vinicius Novais Gonçalves de Andrade.pdf: 2691872 bytes, checksum: 4a4aa37df4d3391d5dae8ffe25627546 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2017-12-15 / The effects of violence against transgender people (specially transvestites and transsexuals) are nothing but pernicious. When the gender factor is analyzed with reference to other social markers, such as race and ethnicity, sexuality and social class, inequalities are accentuated in the form of hierarchies of power and subjection/oppression. This research seeks its theoretical and epistemological foundations in the studies of gender and sexuality based on the references of social constructionism, queer studies, feminisms and intersectionality, finding in Social Psychology, from a critical and political point of view, its voice, one of dispute with some (de)naturalizing, (de)essentializing and (non)universalizing discourses in Psychology. This is an investigation designed with empirical and documentary contours (both quantitatively and qualitatively), with the objective of analyzing transphobia in Brazil based on crime reports and how they are dealt with in the criminal justice system, as well as of the relations between knowledge-powerssubjectivities in the production / maintenance of transphobic violence. This paper considers the crime reports and complaints against the LGBT community received by “Disque Direitos Humanos”, a hotline intended to deal with the report of crimes against human rights, in 2014. It focuses on the monitoring of the reports as well as of a criminal case. The methodologies adopted consisted of two: Thematic Analysis and Discourse Analysis as well as (other) practices inspired by the work of Michel Foucault. The results of the research allowed us to problematize the structure and functioning of the hotline “Disque Direitos Humanos”, showing its difficulties and failures, especially regarding the destination and monitoring of the crime reports. The results suggested that, because transgender people break with the supposed linearity of the sex, gender and sexual orientation sequence, they are compulsorily sent to the margins of society; exposed (more often than not) to the dangers of the night and prostitution just as to various forms of violence, occupying, hierarchically, places of subordination and subjection. Exerted and clearly expressed transphobia is considered here as the effect of discourses and other (social) practices, such as the forbiddance of transgender people to come and go as freely as they want due to territorial dispute; the fact of not being considered human beings for a whole day, only being allowed to come out during the night; the suffering of psychological/symbolic violence through insults, curses, humiliations, threats to life and / or silences; institutional violence (both physical and sexual) and finally, in many cases, murders. The effects of multiple intersectional violence in the daily lives of transgender people are considered, then, devastating. Brazil offers many examples of such violence, since it is the country where transvestites, transsexuals and other subjects with "dissident" gender identities or not binary, are killed the most frequently. When so many demand the end of the existence of a non-cisgender, non-heterosexual, non-white body and it remains alive, such act of survival must be regarded as a political attitude of resistance. Consequently, it is vital to (re) think about changes, discursive (re)significations in Psychology and in everyday social practices, considering no longer the impossibility of transgender people leading a full life, but their possibilities of existence as legitimate and human bodies. / São nefastos os efeitos das violências cometidas contra pessoas trans (travestis e transexuais). Quando intersseccionado gênero com outros marcadores sociais, como raça e etnia, sexualidade e classe social, mostram-se acentuadas as desigualdades, hierarquias de poder e de sujeição/opressão. Esta pesquisa buscou subsídios teórico-epistemológicos nos estudos de gênero e sexualidade a partir dos referenciais do construcionismo social, estudos queer, dos feminismos e da interseccionalidade, encontrando na Psicologia Social, por um viés crítico e político, o seu lugar de fala, de disputa por discursos (des)naturalizantes, (des)essencializantes e (des)universalizantes na Psicologia. Esta é uma investigação desenhada com contornos empíricos (quantitativa e qualitativamente) e documental, que teve como objetivo a análise da transfobia brasileira a partir de denúncias e de seus fluxos no sistema de justiça; das relações entre saberes-poderes-subjetividades na produção/manutenção da violência transfóbica. Buscou-se, assim, analisar as denúncias recebidas pelo Disque Direitos Humanos, módulo LGBT, no ano de 2014, relatórios de monitoramento do mesmo serviço e um processo criminal. Os focos metodológicos adotados consistiram em dois: Análise Temática e Análises de Discurso e (outras) práticas com ‘inspiração’ em Michel Foucault. Os resultados da pesquisa permitiram problematizar a estrutura e funcionamento do Disque Direitos Humanos mostrando suas dificuldades e falhas, principalmente no que tange ao encaminhamento e monitoramento das denúncias. Os resultados sugeriram que, por romperem com a suposta linearidade da sequência sexo, gênero e orientação sexual, pessoas trans são direcionadas compulsoriamente à margem da sociedade; expostas (muitas vezes) à noite e à prostituição e a diversas modalidades de violência ocupando, hierarquicamente, lugares de subordinação e assujeitamento. Analisou-se a transfobia operada e manifesta como efeito de discursos e (outras) práticas sociais, como a impossibilidade de ir-e-vir dxs trans, por questões de territorialidade; de não serem consideradxs seres humanos por todo um dia; pela violência psicológica/simbólica por via de insultos, termos de baixo calão, humilhações, ameaças à vida e/ou silêncios; violência institucional; física; sexual e, em muitos casos, os assassinatos. Considera-se, portanto, que são graves os efeitos de múltiplas violências interseccionais presentes no cotidiano de pessoas trans, sendo o Brasil um exemplo desse processo, país em que mais se mata travestis, transexuais e outros sujeitos com identidades de gênero “dissidentes” ou não binárias. Quando um coletivo de vozes brada pelo fim da existência de um corpo não cisgênero, não heterossexual e não branco e esse permanece vivo, devemos considerar este ato de sobrevivência como uma atitude política e de resistência. Nesse sentido, deve-se (re)pensar mudanças, (re)significações discursivas na Psicologia e nas práticas sociais cotidianas, considerando não mais a impossibilidade de vida das pessoas trans mas, sim, nas suas possibilidades de existência como um corpo legítimo e humano.
16

Le rôle des groupes communautaires LGBT dans la formulation des politiques publiques : le cas de la politique québécoise de lutte contre l'homophobie

Bourgois, Nicolas 09 1900 (has links)
Ce mémoire s'intéresse aux rôles des groupes communautaires LGBT et à leur influence sur le processus de formulation de la Politique québécoise de lutte contre l'homophobie. Il analyse les dynamiques entre les groupes représentant les intérêts des minorités sexuelles et de genres et le Gouvernement du Québec, pendant la période 2000-2011. Notre recherche mobilise un cadre théorique basé sur la théorie de la mobilisation des ressources, ainsi qu'une approche qui combine les outils de l'approche corporatiste et de l'approche pluraliste. Sur la base d'une analyse documentaire et de 6 entrevues menées avec des leaders communautaires LGBT et un.e fonctionnaire du Ministère de la justice, l'analyse révèle comment la question de l'homophobie au Québec a contribué à la création d'une relation corporatiste entre l'État et certains des groupes les mieux dotés en ressources. Elle offre également un regard nouveau sur les relations entre les groupes communautaires et les stratégies d'influences employées en fonction de leurs ressources / This masters thesis is about the roles of LGBT community groups and their influence on the creation of the Politique québécoise de lutte contre l'homophobie (Quebec's national policy against homophobia.) It analyses the dynamics between the groups representing the interests of sexual and gender minorities and the Quebec government, from 2000 to 2011. Our research uses a theoretical framework based on resource mobilization theory as well as an approach that combines the tools of the corporatist and pluralist approaches. On the basis of a documentary analysis and 6 interviews held with LGBT community leaders as well as official from the Ministry of Justice, the analysis reveals how the issue of homophobia in Quebec contributed to the creation of a corporatist relationship between the State and some of the groups controlling the most resources. It also offers a new perspective on the relations between community groups and the strategies they employ, as a function of their resources, to influence the State.
17

Die beleweniswereld van transgender adolessente

Saunders, Inez 03 1900 (has links)
Thesis (MEdPsych)--Stellenbosch University, 2013. / Bibliography / ENGLISH ABSTRACT: A literature search done by the researcher has noted that there is little information available regarding transadolescents’ experience within the South African context. In a society that only acknowledges two genders, transgenderism remains invisible. The transgender minority group tends to be more neglected, misunderstood and stigmatized than their homosexual peers. Transadolescents, who are already in a challenging phase of development, are at risk for negative outcomes such as bullying, scholastic problems, social isolation and depression. The aim of this research is therefore to explore and describe the transadolescents’ subjective experience in their own words. To facilitate this process the research was positioned in the interpretative/constructionist paradigm, in terms of which it is based on the premise that subjective experiences are created during social interaction. Bronfenbrenner’s bio-ecological model was used as theoretical framework to illustrate the reciprocal interactions between the various micro- and macrosystems. The qualitative research approach was used to explicate the essence of the participants’ lived experience. Phenomenology was selected as the most appropriate research design. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with three transadolescents and thematic analysis was used to code and organise the data and to present it in the form of a narrative report. Five themes and associated categories were identified. It was found that the transadolescent experiences identity formation as particularly challenging and that there are individual differences between self-identities and gender expressions. The process of disclosure towards parents is accompanied by considerable anxiety and there are major differences in the disclosure practices that are followed. Parents’ reactions differ and can range from acceptance to eviction. Preference is given to friends who are also seen as being ‘different’ and it can be quite a relief to share their identity with friends regardless of their reactions. Even though South Africa has a policy of inclusive education, the reality is one of discrimination, bullying and isolation. Furthermore, medical services in South Africa are inadequate and transadolescents are exposed to discrimination and unsympathetic professionals. Consequently much must still be done to promote understanding of transadolescents, so that the different contexts in which they move can be better prepared to deliver effective and supportive services. / AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Tans is daar beperkte inligting beskikbaar omtrent die transadolessent se beleweniswêreld binne die Suid-Afrikaanse konteks. Binne ‘n samelewing wat slegs twee genders erken, speel transgenderisme agter geslote deure af. Die transgender-minderheidsgroep word meer afgeskeep, misverstaan en gestigmatiseer as hul homoseksuele eweknieë. Binne ‘n alreeds uitdagende ontwikkelingsfase, is die transadolessent besonder weerloos vir negatiewe uitkomste soos afknouery, skolastiese probleme, sosiale isolasie en depressie. Die doel van die studie is gevolglik om die transadolessent se subjektiewe belewenis in hul eie woorde te verken en te beskryf. Om hierdie proses te fasiliteer is die studie geposisioneer in die interpretatiewe/ konstruksionistiese paradigma wat voorstel dat subjektiewe ervarings tydens sosiale interaksie geskep word. Bronfenbrenner se bio-ekologiese model is as teoretiese raamwerk gebruik om hierdie wederkerige interaksie tussen die verskillende mikrostelsels en die makrostelsel te illustreer. Die kwalitatiewe navorsingsbenadering is gevolg om ‘n waarheidsgetroue beeld weer te gee van die deelnemers se subjektiewe belewenis en fenomenologie is as mees geskikte navorsingsontwerp gekies. Semi-gestruktureerde onderhoude is met drie transadolessente gevoer en die data is met behulp van die tematiese analise gekodeer, georganiseer en in ‘n narratiewe verslagvorm weergegee. Die data-analise het gelei tot die identifisering van vyf temas en gepaardgaande kategorieë. Daar is bevind dat identiteitsvorming ‘n uitdagende proses vir die transadolessent is en dat individue se self-identiteit en uitlewing van hul identiteit verskil. Die openbaarmakingsproses aan ouers gaan met geweldige angstigheid gepaard en daar is groot individuele verskille in die wyse waarop dit geskied. Ouers reageer verskillend en dit wissel van algehele aanvaarding tot uitsetting. Voorkeur word gegee aan vriende wat ook as ‘anders’ bestempel word en ongeag vriende se reaksie, is dit ‘n verligting om hul identiteit te deel. Ten spyte daarvan dat Suid-Afrika inklusiewe onderwyspraktyke voorstaan, is die realiteit een van diskriminasie, afknouery en isolasie. Voorts is die mediese dienste in Suid-Afrika ontoereikend en transadolessente word blootgestel aan diskriminasie en onsimpatieke professionele persone. Te oordeel hieraan, moet daar baie gedoen word om die transadolessente beter te verstaan sodat die verskillende kontekste waarbinne hulle beweeg, beter voorbereid is om effektiewe en ondersteunende dienste te lewer.
18

The Social and Cultural Conditions for Sexual and Gender Minority (SGM) Students in a Rural Community: A Case Study of Educators’ Perspectives

Kelly, Wade B Unknown Date
No description available.

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