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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Densidade de estocagem em camar?es da esp?cie Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man, 1879) na fase juvenil

Costa, Jamilly de Souza 30 April 2014 (has links)
Submitted by Automa??o e Estat?stica (sst@bczm.ufrn.br) on 2015-12-03T23:08:55Z No. of bitstreams: 1 JamillyDeSouzaCosta_DISSERT.pdf: 1873377 bytes, checksum: 1b4c6d02d280989d1909ffd15251b0ba (MD5) / Approved for entry into archive by Arlan Eloi Leite Silva (eloihistoriador@yahoo.com.br) on 2015-12-09T22:15:12Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 JamillyDeSouzaCosta_DISSERT.pdf: 1873377 bytes, checksum: 1b4c6d02d280989d1909ffd15251b0ba (MD5) / Made available in DSpace on 2015-12-09T22:15:12Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 JamillyDeSouzaCosta_DISSERT.pdf: 1873377 bytes, checksum: 1b4c6d02d280989d1909ffd15251b0ba (MD5) Previous issue date: 2014-04-30 / Entre as diversas atividades aqu?colas, a carcinicultura sobressai-se devido ao alto valor comercial que os crust?ceos atingiram no mercado. Dentre as esp?cies de ?gua doce cultivadas, uma das que mais t?m se destacado ? Macrobrachium rosenbergii. O conhecimento sobre o comportamento da esp?cie e a influ?ncia das caracter?sticas do ambiente em seu desenvolvimento pode otimizar o manejo e minimizar prov?veis impactos ao meio ambiente e ao pr?prio animal. Assim, nosso objetivo geral foi caracterizar as atividades comportamentais dessa esp?cie nos est?gios iniciais do desenvolvimento em diferentes densidades de estocagem, nas fases do ciclo de luz. P?s-larvas com 30 dias de vida foram trazidas da Escola Agr?cola de Jundia? (EAJ), Maca?ba/RN e, em seguida, transferidas para o laborat?rio de Estudos do Comportamento do Camar?o (LECC), da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), onde foram medidas e pesadas. Para cada experimento, foram utilizados oito aqu?rios de 60 L (40 cm x 30 cm x 50 cm), com temperatura e aera??o constantes e filtra??o cont?nua atrav?s de m?dias filtrantes biol?gicas em mini-tubos, areia, l? de vidro e carv?o vegetal, contendo tr?s cent?metros de areia de filtro de piscina (granulometria m?dia) como substrato e submetidos ao ciclo de 12h/12h, tendo 30% da ?gua trocada uma vez por semana. Os abrigos utilizados foram peda?os de tijolos, sendo 2 em cada aqu?rio. A qualidade da ?gua foi monitorada semanalmente. Para observa??o do comportamento dos animais, utilizamos duas densidades: 25 animais m-? e 40 animais m-?. Os comportamentos foram observados atrav?s dos seguintes m?todos de registro: amostragem comportamental - entrada e sa?da do abrigo, coleta de alimento no substrato e na coluna d??gua, afastamento, ataque, persegui??o e canibalismo; scan - inatividade, alimenta??o, explora??o, cava??o, nata??o, limpeza e perman?ncia no abrigo. As observa??es ocorreram em janelas de 15 minutos/aqu?rio, 4 vezes ao dia, por 4 dias na semana, ao longo de 4 semanas. O alimento foi ofertado 2 vezes ao dia, imediatamente antes de 2? e da 4? janela de observa??o de cada aqu?rio. Nossos resultados demonstraram que na alta densidade, na fase de claro, os animais apresentaram maior frequ?ncia de atividades comportamentais que possivelmente promoveram menor exposi??o, e tamb?m evita??o de atos agon?sticos. Nessa densidade, na fase de escuro, a maior frequ?ncia foi de comportamentos que pareceram gerar maior exposi??o a riscos. Para a baixa densidade, encontramos um padr?o que pode ser importante para o manejo ao gerar mais conforto aos animais no ambiente de cultivo. Concluiu-se que a densidade de estocagem exerceu influ?ncia na express?o das atividades comportamentais de M. rosenbergii nos est?gios iniciais do desenvolvimento, com modifica??es no comportamento que indicam bem-estar pobre ao animal em condi??es de alta densidade de estocagem. / Among the species of freshwater shrimp being cultivated, Macrobrachium rosenbergii stands out. Knowledge about the behavior of this species and the influence of certain factors on its development can help optimize management practices and minimize the likely impacts shrimp farming has on the environment and the animals themselves. The objective of this study was to characterize the species' behavior during early stages of development under different stocking densities over a 24-hour cycle. Ten day old postlarvae were transferred from the Jundia? School of Agriculture (EAJ - Escola Agr?cola de Jundia?) in Maca?ba (RN), Brazil to the Shrimp Behavior Laboratory (LSPR - Laborat?rio de Estudos do Comportamento do Camar?o) at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), where they were weighed and measured. Eight aquaria with constant temperature, aeration and filtration, and subjected to a12 h light/12 h dark cycle were used for each experiment. Each aquarium also contained two shelters made of bricks and the water quality was monitored weekly. Behavioral observations were made at two densities: 25 individuals/m-? and 40 individuals/m-?. The methods for recording behaviors were: behavioral sampling ? enter and leave the shelter, exploring on the substrate, exploring in the water column, move away, attack, pursuit and cannibalism; scan sampling - inactivity, feeding, exploration, digging, swimming, cleaning and staying in the shelter. Observations were made during a 15 minute period/per aquarium at a frequency of 4 times daily, for 4 days/week, and over 4 weeks. Food was provided 2 times/day for each aquarium population, immediately before the 1st and 3rd observation periods. Our results demonstrate that at high density, there is an increased frequency of agonistic behavior; during the light phase, there is a greater frequency of behaviors that result in less exposure (inactivity, cleaning and staying in the shelter); during the dark phase, there is an increased frequency of behaviors that result in greater exposure (feeding, exploration, swimming and digging); at times of feed offer, there is an increased frequency of leaving the shelter, moving away, pursuit, feeding, exploration and swimming. At low density, the animals showed a lower frequency of agonistic behaviors, greater weight gain and higher growth rates, which indicates that this is a more favorable growing environment for cultivation and when applied, can generate better living conditions, favor survival rates and increase management success
2

A influ?ncia da abla??o unilateral do ped?nculo ocular e a reprodu??o do camar?o de ?gua doce Macrobrachium acanthurus (Wiegmann, 1836) em cativeiro / The unilateral eyestalk ablation influence Macrobrachium acanthurus (Wiegman, 1836) and the reproduction in captivity

CUNHA, Cristiane Honorato 25 March 2008 (has links)
Submitted by Jorge Silva (jorgelmsilva@ufrrj.br) on 2018-08-24T18:39:52Z No. of bitstreams: 1 2008 - Cristiane Honorato Cunha.pdf: 767814 bytes, checksum: 805ea6db9e6a4462ae4375d06559e0fd (MD5) / Made available in DSpace on 2018-08-24T18:39:52Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 2008 - Cristiane Honorato Cunha.pdf: 767814 bytes, checksum: 805ea6db9e6a4462ae4375d06559e0fd (MD5) Previous issue date: 2008-03-25 / Macrobrachium acanthurus is the freshwater prawn species that is find in almost whole coastal rivers in Brazilian coast. This work was carried out to get information about reproductive aspects of Macrobrachium acanthurus in captivity and the influence on unilateral eyestalk ablation technique. 48 females and 24 males were captured in Sahy river at Mangaratiba/RJ and kept in adaptation for 15 days. Then, the animals carapace length and total length were measured. They were distributed into 20 liters aquariums, each of them with two males and four females. Two females in each aquarium were ablated. Abiotic factors such as pH, ammonia, nitrite and oxygen levels were checked weekly and the water temperature daily. Every day the occurrence of ovigerous females were checked in each aquarium. After three days incubating, the ovigerous females were separated until the larvae eclosion. And then, they were returned to the aquarium for a new phase of reproduction. The animals were fed with ration pellets and pieces of fish. The U test (Mann-Whitney) showed a significant difference among laying intervals between the ablated and non-ablated females. The Pearson correlation showed temperature influence on incubation period on non-ablated females, but on ablated females there was no dependency relationship. The t-test showed no significant difference on fertility, between ablated and non-ablated M. acanthurus. / Macrobrachium acanthurus ? uma esp?cie de camar?o de ?gua doce encontrado em quase todos os rios litor?neos da costa brasileira. Este trabalho foi realizado com o objetivo de obter informa??es sobre a influ?ncia da t?cnica de abla??o unilateral do ped?nculo ocular na reprodu??o de Macrobrachium acanthurus em cativeiro. Foram utilizados no experimento 48 f?meas e 24 machos, que foram coletados no Rio Sahy, Mangaratiba/RJ e foram mantidas durante 15 dias para a adapta??o. Posteriormente, os animais foram medidos em rela??o ao comprimento da carapa?a e comprimento total, distribu?dos na propor??o de dois machos para quatro f?meas em doze aqu?rios com capacidade de 20 litros. Das quatro f?meas de cada aqu?rio, duas foram abladas. Os fatores abi?ticos como o pH, am?nio, nitrito e oxig?nio dissolvido foram verificados semanalmente e a temperatura da ?gua diariamente. Todos os dias foram verificados a ocorr?ncia de exterioriza??o dos ovos em cada f?mea. As f?meas ov?geras ap?s tr?s dias de incuba??o foram individualizadas at? a eclos?o das larvas. Ap?s a eclos?o das larvas, as f?meas retornaram para o aqu?rio para uma nova fase de reprodu??o. Os animais foram alimentados com ra??o peletizada e peixe fresco. Atrav?s do teste U (Mann-Whitney) foi verificado que houve diferen?a significativa para o intervalo entre as desovas entre f?meas abladas e n?o abladas. Atrav?s da Correla??o de Pearson verificou-se que houve influ?ncia da temperatura no tempo de incuba??o nas f?meas n?o abladas, mas nas f?meas abladas n?o houve rela??o dependente. Atrav?s do teste t foi verificado que n?o houve diferen?a significativa para fertilidade entre as f?meas abladas e n?o abladas de M. acanthurus.

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