13 August 2015
<p> This dissertation utilizes a 2-in-1 format—combining two manuscripts within one dissertation. The first chapter is a conceptual manuscript in which I propose a framework for clinicians to utilize when working with heterosexual fathers of gay sons. This was recently published in the peer-reviewed journal, Professional Psychology: Research and Practice (Horn & Wong, 2014). The second chapter, an empirical manuscript, qualitatively explores the relationships between gay sons and their heterosexual fathers through fathers’ eyes. Upon completion of the dissertation defense, this manuscript will also be submitted for publication in a peer-reviewed journal.</p>
France, Kharod A.
02 September 2015
<p> Although first recognized as an equivalent to individual supervision in the 2001 standards of The Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs (CACREP), to date it still remains the case that very little research has been done on this unique and increasingly popular supervision modality. Despite being utilized in counselor education programs across the county, as of the spring of 2015, only seven dissertations and 13 empirical journal articles have been written addressing triadic supervision specifically. With this being the case, relatively little is known about the various processes that underlie the triadic supervision process or about best practices to increase its effectiveness. </p><p> The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore and gain a better understanding of supervisors’ perceptions, experiences and practices with regards to triadic supervision. Data was collected by way of in-depth, semi-structured interviews conducted either via phone or via Skype. Of the 23 supervisors who participated in this study, all had conducted triadic supervision within the last 5 years and all were either graduates of, currently enrolled doctoral students in or faculty members at CACREP accredited programs. Data was analyzed using basic interpretive qualitative techniques, where more specifically the seven-step analysis plan detailed by Marshall and Rossman (2006) was utilized. </p><p> The initial fourteen themes that emerged from the data analysis process were further synthesized into eight primary findings. These findings addressed the three primary research questions of this study: (a) How do supervisors go about structuring their triadic supervision sessions and what is the thought process behind this decision? (b) What are supervisors’ thoughts on the role and influence of the second supervisee in session and on the supervisory process? (c) What specific aspects of triadic supervision impact supervisors’ behavior and decision-making throughout the course of the supervisory process? Implications for counselor preparation and practices were discussed, where specific and separate recommendations were given for both Counselor Education programs and for supervisors. Recommendations for future research were also discussed.</p>
Rowe, Daryl Marcus,
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Ohio State University, 1982. / Includes vita. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 182-192). Available online via OhioLINK's ETD Center.
Effect of refractive vision correction of myopia and hyperopia through laser surgery (LASIK & PRK) on symptoms of depression, stress perception and self-esteem in adults (22-55)Pesochinsky, Nina 05 August 2017 (has links)
<p> The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of refractive vision correction through laser surgery (LASIK & PRK) of adults of working age (22-55). This study examined and compared the symptoms of depression, stress perception, and self-esteem prior to surgery and one month after surgery, when sufficient healing has occurred. Research has shown that vision impairment has been reported to be one of the 10 most significant causes of disability in the United States, and, even though clinicians are encouraged to assess emotional response to vision loss, the psychological factors that that play a role in adjustment to vision loss have not been sufficiently studied.</p><p>
Gascoyne, Suzanne Ruth
01 January 1981
Forty-five participants from Protestant denominations completed surveys designed to investigate the effects of religious beliefs on preferences among four types of Christian counseling. The proponents of the counseling theories were Clyde M. Narramore, Jay E. Adams, Lawrence J. Crabb, and Andre Bustanoby. Participants read a case history of a fictitious client, and four short treatment plans which represented each Christian counselor's approach. Then, they completed questionnaires designed to assess their preferences for the counseling approaches, as well as completing other measures, including a religious fundamentalism scale, the Religious Orientation Scale (ROS), and the Rokeach Value Survey (RVS). It was found that Crabb was viewed by participants as having an approach which most closely paralled their own religious beliefs. On almost all other measures, Crabb, yoked with either Bustanoby or Narramore, lead participants' preferences. Adams was viewed as relying most on the authority of Scripture, but he was frequently the least preferred. Other findings indicated that for Christians, especially conservative Christians (as determined by the ROS, RVS, and self-ratings), there is a reluctance toward seeking secular psychological help, and a preference for counseling theories which are perceived as being congruent with their own religious beliefs. Implications for research and counseling with Christians are discussed.
Gascoyne, Suzanne R.
01 January 1984
One hundred, sixty-nine undergraduates participated in a study that investigated the effects of interpersonal self-perceptions on judgements made about others. Subjects' interpersonal styles were assessed by self-ratings using the Interpersonal Adjective Scales (IAS). Subjects also rated the interpersonal styles of two video-taped stimulus others using the IAS. In addition, subjects' degree of identification and desire to affiliate with the stimuli were assessed. The general design was a two-group rating comparison (Friendly-Dominant and Friendly-Submissive, and more extreme and less extreme) across two stimulus conditions, Hostile-Dominant and Hostile-Submissive. There were several findings and interpretations were forwarded. Extreme subjects assigned higher, more extreme ratings to both the stimuli than did less extreme subjects. More extreme or interpersonally rigid individuals may interpret others' behavior as more extreme than do flexible individuals. Subjects assigned the most extreme ratings to the stimulus whose behavior was opposite of their own on the Interpersonal Circle. It may be that subjects responded with extreme ratings to the stimulus who greatly epitomized the impression they endeavor to avoid. Friendly-Submissive subjects indicated a preference for identifying and affiliating with the Hostile-Submissive stimulus, while Friendly-Dominant subjects indicated little preference between the two stimuli. Friendly-Submissive subjects apparently were more sensitive to the role demands for cooperative behavior inherent in a counseling-type stimulus situation than were Friendly-Dominant subjects. Less extreme subjects rated the Hostile-Dominant stimulus as more extreme than they rated the Hostile-Submissive stimulus, while more extreme subjects differed little in their ratings of the two stimuli. It is likely that less extreme, flexible individuals are more responsive to changes in situational contexts than are more rigid individuals. Overall, the results support the assertion that self-descriptions and descriptions of others are systematically-related, as well as providing support for the need to attend to traits, situations, and then interactions in the study of interpersonal behavior.
21 November 2017
<p> Parenting a child with a disability is a unique experience, and both parents and children need to find the most effective parenting strategies. The purpose of this qualitative study is to gain a better understanding of the experiences associated with raising a child who has a disability. Specifically, this study examines what factors parents feel influence them in making decisions about their child and the expectations they have for them. In addition, it assesses how parents perceive they have modified their childrearing approaches and expectations for their child with a disability. To collect qualitative data, the investigator used narrative inquiry. This methodology was appropriate as eliciting specific stories and examples from participants allowed the team to capture the authentic experience of each one. </p><p> The primary investigator collected qualitative data through multiple interviews with parents who have children with disabilities. For purposes of this study, sampling methods were a mix between convenience and non-probability sampling. Parents included were those of children whose disability is primarily physical. The researcher conducted a semi-structured interview to examine the feelings, thought processes, challenges and overall life experience surrounding parenting a child who has a physical disability. Data was analyzed using a “constant comparative” method whereby the researcher constantly compares within the study the data being collected. Periodic review of the data, as well as summaries, helped identify trends warranting further analysis. </p><p> Overall, the results of this study indicate that parents and families perceive that they have needs that are not being met, empowering them to make certain parenting decisions. Based upon these perceptions, it would appear that there is a need for change in the types of services and information parents are receiving. While medical support is necessary, parents are also expressing a need for more practical forms of assistance.. This study explores several ways in which rehabilitation professionals might implement changes in order to accommodate these needs. Families whose children have disabilities expressed both a strong desire to provide the best possible care. What appears to be currently lacking is sufficient education and emotional support to channel their loving energy into setting higher expectations for their children, knowing how to effectively plan for and reach milestones, while being confident enough in their child’s abilities to afford them opportunities to take control of their own lives.</p><p>
An Investigation of Identity and Self-Esteem in Traditional Married Women during their Middle Years, and the Impact of the Life Planning SeminarEllett, Susan E. 01 January 1981 (has links)
There is contradictory evidence as to whether the middle years are problematic for women. The research indicates that the middle years, particularly the empty nest period, are traumatic for some women, but for others a time of relief. More recent research suggests that for women who do find the middle years problematic, certain types of group experiences may be helpful. The purpose of this study was to investigate this time of life for a specific population of women, traditional married women who have devoted their time primarily to raising a family. This study examined identity and self-esteem in these women during their middle years, as well as one group experience, the Life Planning Seminar (LPS), for its effect on identity and self-esteem. Results indicated that for the traditional married women in this study, the middle years, particularly the empty nest period, were indeed problematic. All of the participants experienced some sort of identity crisis during these years, and for most the crisis was related to the empty nest. The empty nest was experienced by these women as a time of loss and confusion about who they were and the roles they were playing. For most of the women in this study, the loss of maternal role and resulting identity crisis were accompanied by a loss in self-esteem. Results also indicated that for the women in this study, identity and self-esteem were significantly stronger following participation in the LPS. There was also a significant change in sense of identity for participants from before to after the LPS, with identity before the LPS largely reflected, and after the LPS predominantly personal. The results of this study suggest that at least for some traditional married women, the middle years, particularly the departure of children during this time are problematic. Apparently for these women, the loss or reduction of the maternal role precipitated an identity crisis which was accompanied by a loss of self-esteem. Results also suggest that for such women, a group experience such as the LPS can be beneficial in resolving the crisis which occurs, and in restoring self-esteem, by helping women to redefine themselves and plan a new direction for the future.
A Study of the Relationship Between Maternal Employment History and a Woman's Sex Role Orientation and Career DevelopmentEllett, Susan Elizabeth 01 January 1979 (has links)
Much of the research reviewed suggests that there is some relationship between a woman's mother's employment history, a woman's sex role orientation, and a woman's commitment to a career. In this study, the sex role orientation, career commitment, and career decision making of college women were examined in relation to length of maternal employment history. It was found that the longer a mother worked during the daughter's lifetime, the greater was the daughter's own desire to work. The length of maternal employment history was not found to significantly influence the daughter's sex role orientation or career decision making process. It was also found that the more feminine a woman's sex role orientation, the less she desired to work. Also, the more feminine a woman saw herself, the less she tended to rely on the planning style, the most effective style of decision making, and the more she tended to rely on the intuitive style, which is more effective than the dependent style of decision making, but less effective than the planning style. The more feminine a woman saw her role, the less advanced she was in her decision making about an occupation. Sex role orientation was not found to significantly influence the dependent style of decision making or the decision making tasks of choice of college or major. These findings support the conclusions that the concepts of work and decision making about such work, are not typically part of a feminine sex role orientation. One factor which seems to influence whether a woman includes work in her life plans is the extent of her mother's employment.
abstract: This study examined the role of substance use in the relationship between the working alliance and outcome symptomatology. In this study, two groups of participants were formed: the at risk for substance abuse (ARSA) group consisted of participants who indicated 'almost always,' 'frequently,' 'sometimes,' or 'rarely' on either of two items on the Outcome Questionnaire-45.2 (OQ-45.2) (i.e., the eye-opener item: "After heavy drinking, I need a drink the next morning to get going" and the annoyed item: "I feel annoyed by people who criticize my drinking (or drug use)"). The non-ARSA group consisted of participants who indicated 'never' on both of the eye-opener and annoyed screening items on the OQ-45.2. Data available from a counselor-training center for a client participant sample (n = 68) was used. As part of the usual counselor training center procedures, clients completed questionnaires after their weekly counseling session. The measures included the Working Alliance Inventory and the OQ-45.2. Results revealed no significant differences between the ARSA and non-ARSA groups in working alliance, total outcome symptomology, or in any of the three subscales of symptomatology. Working alliance was not found to be significant in predicting outcome symptomatology in this sample and no moderation effect of substance use on the relationship between working alliance and outcome symptomatology was found. This study was a start into the exploration of the role of substance use in the relationship between working alliance and outcome symptomatology in individual psychotherapy. Further research should be conducted to better understand substance use populations in individual psychotherapy. / Dissertation/Thesis / M.A. Counseling Psychology 2013
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