L'impératif évaluatif : sociogénèse, acteurs, usages de l'évaluation dans les projets de développement social urbain (France-Catalogne)Delgadillo de la Peña, Claudia Fernanda 28 February 2014 (has links)
Le résumé en français n'a pas été communiqué par l'auteur. / Le résumé en anglais n'a pas été communiqué par l'auteur.
Chang, Amy, Recker, Mimi
At the NSDL AM 2004 the EIESC will inaugurate the First Evaluation Exchange Forum. At the first forum, the focus will be on evaluation instruments from three projects. These will be shared and discussed and include: #1 Title: An Approach to Determine the Impact of the BioSciEd Net(BEN) Resources (www.biosciednet.org/portal) on Faculty Professional Development Author: Amy Chang Instrument: Survey (attached) #2 Title: Instructional Architect, DLConnect Author: Mimi Recker Those interested in adapting or modifying these instruments can cite the instruments and/or contact the authors directly.
Kompetenzmessung in den PISA-Studien Simulationen zur Schätzung von Verteilungsparametern und ReliabilitätenWalter, Oliver January 2005 (has links)
Zugl.: Kiel, Univ., Diss., 2005
La performance des entreprises et l’impact de la culture nationale : Une illustration dans le contexte socio-économique haïtien / Business performance and the impact of national culture : An illustration in the Haitian socio-economic contextPaul, Eliccel 19 December 2016 (has links)
Cette étude s’inscrit dans le courant culturaliste de la performance des entreprises. Elle est motivée par le constat que Haïti fait face à de sérieux problèmes économiques dont les solutions ne sont pas évidentes avec l’application des théories orthodoxes. En gardant à l’esprit que la performance des entreprises joue un rôle capital dans la croissance de l’économie globale, l’étude cherche à déterminer l’impact des facteurs socioculturels haïtiens sur la performance des entreprises. Malgré de nombreux travaux sur les déterminants de la performance, la littérature consacrée à la question ne s’est intéressée que très peu au rôle des facteurs socioculturels. En outre il n’existe presque pas de travaux, à notre connaissance, qui ont étudié le mode opératoire des facteurs socioculturels, à savoir les canaux par lesquels transitent leurs effets sur la performance des entreprises. Ce travail a pour objectif de contribuer à combler ces vides. L’étude propose un modèle de performance intégrant à la fois des facteurs traditionnels de production, des facteurs du management, du marketing et des traits socioculturels haïtiens. Les facteurs traditionnels de production comme l’accumulation du capital, le capital humain, l’innovation, et les facteurs liés au marketing et au management tels que l’orientation client, le comportement managérial de l’entrepreneur, le rendement au travail, l’engagement organisationnel et le comportement de citoyenneté organisationnelle sont considérés comme des variables médiatrices à travers lesquelles les facteurs socioculturels agissent sur la performance de l’entreprise. Les variables socioculturelles étudiées sont celles qui traduisent la « philosophie du passage », une croyance que la vie se résume à un instant très bref sur la terre et serait en conséquence futile (Logossah, 2007). Dix variables engendrées par cette vision du monde ont été étudiées, il s’agit de : la primauté de l’au-delà, l’auto-retrait du monde, le niveau d’aspiration, la vie dans l’instant présent, le fatalisme, la gestion du temps, l’aversion pour la concurrence, le conformisme, l’entraide mutuelle et le népotisme. Les données ont été recueillies auprès de 207 entreprises haïtiennes choisies de manière aléatoire dans le secteur privé. Deux méthodes de collecte de données ont été utilisées. Le questionnaire a été acheminé par courriel aux entreprises disposant d’adresse de courrier électronique (taux de réponse : 13,25%). Les entreprises qui ne disposent pas d’adresse de courrier électronique ont fait l’objet d’une collecte de données par interview directe, réalisée par une équipe d’enquêteurs recrutés à cette fin. L’enquête a révélé d’abord que la performance de l’entreprise a obtenu une moyenne de 3.92 et un écart-type de 0.25. Les variables intermédiaires (accumulation du capital, capital humain, innovation, orientation client, comportement managérial de l’entrepreneur, rendement au travail, engagement organisationnel, comportement de citoyenneté organisationnelle) obtiennent des scores variant entre 2.00 et 5.00, une moyenne entre 3.44 et 3.67 et un écart-type allant de 0.25 à 0.45. Les variables indépendantes (primauté de l’au-delà, auto-retrait du monde, niveau d’aspiration, vie dans l’instant présent, fatalisme, gestion du temps, aversion pour la concurrence, conformisme, entraide mutuelle, népotisme) obtiennent des scores variant entre 1.00 et 5.00, une moyenne allant de 2.77 à 4.00 et un écart-type variant entre 0.27 et 0.81. Les résultats de l’analyse économétrique révèlent que le fatalisme a des impacts positifs sur la performance de l’entreprise. Ces effets positifs sont médiatisés partiellement par l’accumulation du capital, l’innovation, le comportement managérial de l’entrepreneur, le rendement au travail et l’orientation client. Ces résultats signifient que non seulement le fatalisme se révèle favorable à la performance de l’entreprise, mais il passe par plusieurs canaux. / This study is part of business performance based on the culturalist approch. It is motivated by the finding that Haïti is facing serious economic problems whose solutions are not obvious to the application of orthodox theories. Keeping in mind that business performance plays a critical role in the growth of the global economy, the study aims to determine the impact of haïtian socio-cultural factors on business performance.Despite numerous studies on the determinants of business performance, the literature on the issue has focused little on the role of sociocultural factors. In addition, there is a lack of researchers, to our knowledge, who studied the procedure of sociocultural factors, namely the channels through which pass their effects on performance. This study contributes to fill these voids. It proposes a model of performance incorporating both traditional production factors, management, marketing and sociocultural traits of Haïti. The traditional factors of production such as accumulation of capital, human capital, innovation, and factors related to marketing and management such as customer orientation, managerial behavior, job performance, organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behavior are considered as mediating variables through which the haitian cultural factors affect the company's performance. The sociocultural variables studied are those that reflect the "philosophy of the passage," a belief that life comes down to a very short time on earth and would be futile (Logossah, 2007). Ten variables generated by this worldview have been studied : the primacy of the beyond, self-withdrawal from the world, aspiration level, life in the present moment, fatalism, time management, competition avoidance, conformity, mutual aid and nepotism. Data were collected from 207 haitian businesses selected randomly in the private sector. Two data collection methods were used. The questionnaire was emailed to undertakings having email address (response rate : 13.25%). Companies that do not have email address have been collecting data by direct interview, conducted by a team of investigators recruited for this purpose.The survey revealed that the company's performance earned an average of 3.92 and a standard deviation of 0.25. Intermediate variables (accumulation capital, human capital, innovation, customer orientation, managerial behavior, job performance, organizational commitment, organizational citizenship behavior) obtain scores ranging between 2.00 and 5.00, an average of 3.44 and 3.67 and a standard deviation ranging from 0.25 to 0.45. The independent variables (primacy of the beyond, self-withdrawal from the world, aspiration level, life in the present moment, fatalism, time management, aversion to competition, conformity, mutual aid, nepotism) obtain scores ranging between 1.00 and 5.00, an average ranging from 2.77 to 4.00 and a standard deviation ranging from 0.27 to 0.81. The results of the econometric analysis show that fatalism has positive impact on business performance. These positive effects were partially mediated by capital accumulation, innovation, managerial behavior of the entrepreneur, job performance and customer focus. These results mean that not only fatalism is subsequently favorable to performance company, but through different channels. Likewise, mutual aid helps strengthen organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behavior at the enterprise level. However, the primacy of the beyond, self-withdrawal from the world, the level of aspiration, time management, aversion to competition and conformity are presented as debilitating factors for the company performance. Nepotism is not really any disability for company performance or work performance. Living in the present moment does not constitute a problem for company performance. However, it prevents the company to undertake innovation projects.
20 August 2004
The purpose of this study is to explore relevant issues concerning the evaluation of the principals of the elementary schools in Kaohsiung city, and in return, to provide a basis for the municipal administrators to conduct evaluation of the principals in the future. Applying the method of ¡§literature analysis¡¨, both domestic and international studies on the evaluation of the principals were collected and analyzed. These studies include basic concepts, establishment of criteria, methods of implementation, appointment of evaluators, application of the evaluation finds, and other relevant procedures. A questionnaire was designed to look into the viewpoints and the variance of the viewpoints of the educators, administrators, parents, and experts of the elementary schools. Regarding the prominent ideas rendered by various groups of people, a second phase questionnaire under the Delphi Method was prescribed. A common understanding was thus achieved. The questionnaire was distributed to 630 elementary school related subjects, including educators, administrative staff, parents, and experts. The response rate was 82.72% (523 specimens). The analysis The major procedures of data analysis were both qualitative and quantitative. In qualitative analysis, comments in the questionnaire were individually considered. In quantitative analysis, the formal questionnaire adopted statistical processes like percentage, frequency, mean, analysis of variance, and Shefield comparison. The second phase Delphi Method focused on 15 subjects including education experts, principals, parents, teachers and administrators. Both the quantitative and qualitative analyses were applied to achieve a common understanding from different functional groups on the evaluation of the principals. Based on findings of this study, conclusions are drawn as follow: 1.Currently, Bureau of Education of Kaohsiung City has not developed the official standards for evaluating the effectiveness of the elementary school principals. 2.The variance of the viewpoints between elementary school principals and teachers varied according to different evaluation issues. 3.The variance of viewpoints regarding principal evaluation issues varied according to participants¡¦ specific backgrounds. 4.New school culture is imperative to cultivate the mutual trust relationship between the principals and the teachers. 5.Conclusions regarding specific evaluation issues are drawn as below: -The purposes of principal evaluation are not only developmental-oriented but also and administrative-oriented. -With experts and researchers¡¦ assistance, the principal evaluation criteria need to be jointly developed by principal representatives, teacher representatives, and parent representatives. The evaluation criteria must include the core as well as the self-established criteria. - Principal evaluation process is composed of four phases: planning of evaluation, implementing and collecting data, processing date and generating results, providing feedback. -The frequency of principal evaluation must be corresponded to the principal¡¦s term of office, which is once in four years. -The appointment of evaluators ¡Õmust take into account three factors: profeessionality, multiplicity, and objectivity. - The date collecting methods for principal evaluation must be diverse. - The principal evaluation reports must consist of strengths as well as areas needing improvements. Moreover, a proper appeal procedure needed to be established for the principals to request further discussion regarding the evaluation results. -The evaluation results are not only form a frame of reference for ¡§decision-making¡¨ but also lay the cornerstone for improved practices and principals¡¦ professional growth. According to the results of this study, recommendations are made as follows: 1. Recommendations for Bureau of Education, Kaohsiung city - Developing official standards for evaluating the effectiveness of elementary school principals (see Appendix 10) -Cooperating with academic institutes to provide elementary school principals with opportunities for professional enhancement -A ¡§gradual model¡¨ should be adopted in the principal evaluation. 2. Recommendations for the elementary school principals -Embracing the notion of evaluation and actively engaging in planning, implementing and developing evaluation system. -Re-adjusting their leadership behaviors, cultivate persistent willingness and abilities for self-improvement and cumulate experience in making changes. - Emphasizing school managements and developing features unique to their schools. - Establishing and maintaining portfolios with documents represent their professional accomplishments. 3.Recommendations for teaching staffs in the elementary schools -Improving teaching staffs¡¦ evaluation capabilities by establishing professional dialogue mechanisms internally and externally. -Cultivating a culture of evaluation that is beneficial to school development as a whole 4. Recommendation to further studies to be made hereafter -Integrating evaluation criteria and paying more attention to principal¡¦s current practices, leadership behaviors and professional development. -Further exploring the relationship between ¡§principal evaluation¡¨ and ¡§evaluations of school management¡¨ and the feasibility of conducting both at a time. - ¡§Meta-evaluation¡¨ needs to be conducted to understand the effects of principal evaluation and advance the quality of evaluation eventually.
06 August 2008
This study aims at the faculty evaluation current situation analysis to make the discussion analysis, the research object contains 96 academic years three universities in Taiwan proceed faculty evaluation . The methods of this study are the analysis of literature, the analysis of documents and semi-structured interviews. The results of this study include of following: 1.Analyzing, reorganizing, inducing the practical practice of the demestic and foreign faculty evaluation, and establishing the criterions of the faculty evaluation for this study. 2.Comparing and Analyzing the faculty evaluation laws difference of three universities in Taiwan . 3.Comparing and Analyzing the faculty evaluation administer mechanism difference of three universities in Taiwan . 4.Comparing and Analyzing the faculty evaluation the current problems difference of three universities in Taiwan . 5.Proposing suggestions for improving the faculty evaluation to the authorities of education and public and privately universities in Taiwan acccoding the findings of this study.
10 September 2009
This study was to discuss the issue of junior high school evaluation in Kaohsiung City. The evaluators¡¦ viewpoints on school evaluation purposes, processes, staffs, methods and schedules were explored and their suggestions on junior high school evaluation were provided. A questionnaire survey was conducted in this study. There were 285 participants, including junior high school principals, teachers, and staff who were evaluated in academic years 94, 95 and 96 in Kaohsiung City. Percentage, t-test and one-way ANOVA were employed to analyze the collected data. The main findings were listed below. 1.Respondents showed positive attitudes towards junior high school evaluation in Kaohsiung City. Some items remained under improvement. 2.Due to different background variables, respondents held different opinions to issues in school evaluation. 3.The purpose of school evaluation to encourage morale of teaching staff needed improving. 4.The contents of school evaluation were complete, reflecting school affairs. 5.The processes, contents, and schedule of junior high school evaluation in Kaohsiung City were highly acknowledged. 6.Respondents highly agreed the results of school evaluation in Kaohsiung City. 7.Junior high school evaluation in Kaohsiung City increased the burden of administrative staff and teaching staff. 8.The circle of school evaluation should be four years. Based on the above findings, there were seven recommendations on junior high school evaluation. 1.It was recommended that the authority concerned could make good use of the evaluation results and to offer some subsidy to schools. 2.Indexes of school evaluation should be simplified to lessen the burden of teaching staff. 3.Evaluators in the school evaluation can observe the school earlier than the evaluation schedule to understand the processing of administrative work in school. 4.Excellent principals in other cities can be invited as evaluators in the school evaluation. 5.Students¡¦ parents, teachers and students can be interviewed at random in school evaluation. 6.Differences in schools should be concerned in the reports of school evaluation. 7.Teaching staff should make it a habit to organize and file the administrative and teaching materials.
12 December 2013
Standardized global evaluation template used in undergraduate medical education across the four-year curriculum. / This is a universal evaluation tool that is used in UGME for students to evaluate different aspects of the curriculum. It is meant to standardize evaluation practices as well as limit survey fatigue for students.
Rahilly, Timothy J.
The current study seeks to determine the costs and benefits associated with three different learner-based data collection conditions; the one-to-one, dyad, and small group. It also addresses whether the dyad is a viable alternative to the other two. It examines the amount and type of data yielded in each condition. Comparisons are based on: (a) learners' comments, (b) learners' tests scores, and (c) objective measures (e.g., session length). Thirty-four (15 males, 19 females) McGill University undergraduate students participated in the study. Participants were instructed on how to report problems they encountered while learning from a six-page instructional unit. Results indicate that the one-to-one condition resulted in the least amount of feedback or data collected. The dyad and the small group conditions resulted in a similar amount of differing types of data collected. Based on the findings of the current study, the dyad appears to be a viable and cost effective alterative to the one-to-one and small group conditions.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, 2008. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 93-99). Also available in electronic version.
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