The female apologetic within Candian women's rugby: exploring level of competition, racial identity and sexual orientationHardy, Elizabeth 28 March 2013 (has links)
Female apologetic behaviour in sport includes any behaviour by female athletes that emphasizes a female athlete’s femininity. This behaviour is in response to the masculine and/or lesbian stereotypes associated with female sport participation. This thesis analyzed the female apologetic within Canadian women’s rugby. Attention was paid to the relationship of level of competition, racial identity, sexual orientation and socioeconomic status with female apologetic behaviours. In-depth interviews with nine Canadian, female rugby players from various levels of competition, races and sexual orientations were conducted to explore these negotiations. Judith Butler’s idea of gender performativity was used as a research lens. The participants stated that they did not currently engage in any apologetic behaviour, and it was found that level of rugby, race, sexual orientation, and socioeconomic status did not impact female apologetic behaviours. Rugby was found to be a safe place for the participants to perform resistant versions of femininity.
15 July 2011
The main theoretical thrust of my project involves the political uses of parodically performing shame and shaming rituals in resisting normative regulation. I argue that parodic performances of this negative affect—traditionally deployed to erase, obscure, and regulate queers—can expose how shame regulates the gender/sexuality performances of straight people as well as queers. I view this project primarily as a tactical shift from the parodic performances outlined by Judith Butler in texts like Gender Trouble, and I feel that the shift is important as a counter measure to increasing homonormative inclusion of (white, middle class) gays and lesbians into straight or neoliberal society. The first section of my thesis is dedicated to exploring theories of homonormativity. I work primarily from Michael Warner’s The Trouble with Normal, which is a queer polemic, and Lisa Duggan’s The Twilight of Equality, which contextualizes homonormativity in the cultural project of neoliberalism. Homonormativity is, in essence, the opening of cultural space in mainstream society for a certain group of gays and lesbians—those who are “the most assimilated, genderappropriate, politically mainstream portions of the gay population” (Duggan 44). As Warner discusses at length, the shift from queer to conservative gay interests has shifted attention from issues like HIV/AIDS research and physical protection of queers to gay marriage and the repeal of “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell,” which are causes that primarily benefit the gays and lesbians already most assimilated to straight culture. Section II focuses on the work of Judith Butler and other theorizations of parody. Butler’s theory suggests that gender and sexuality consist of a set of continuously repeated performances, and that by performing gender one is constituted as a subject. Butler argues that it is impossible to step outside gender—to stop performing, as it were —because there is no agency prior to the imposition of gender. She locates the only possibility for resistance to gender as a socially regulatory myth structure in the failure to properly perform gender, or in performing in such a way that gender is exposed as always already performative. I have paired Butler’s theory with Linda Hutcheon’s A Theory of Parody, which examines the uses, limitations, and value of artistic parody. These two theorists, of course, have different goals, which complicates the potential for combining their work. In the final section I develop my own theory, which largely takes its cue from Butler’s notion that we can resist gender/sexuality regulation through parodic performance. But, whereas Butler argues for parodic performances of gender/sexuality, I suggest the usefulness of parodying shame and shaming rituals. Shame—the social imposition of it, as well as the desire to avoid it—has long been a force maintaining proper behavior in the largest sense, but I am concerned specifically with the regulation of gender and sexual performances. Queers (understood broadly) and women have long been the targets of shame, while straight males have long been the performers of shaming rituals—mockery, brutal laugher, violence. What I suggest is that through an appropriation and parodic reinterpretation of these shaming rituals and shame itself, queers can expose the centrality of shame in repressing not only queer existence and performance, but in restricting the performative possibilities of straight people. This new notion of performative resistance is especially important as some gays and lesbians enter straight society and become subject to its shaming restrictions, but also become complicit in shaming those queers still outside the realm of homonormative possibilities
Giles, Wendy Pauline
Although the Book of Judith has been thought to reflect a historical situation, this is not necessarily the case, and more recent literary critical studies have provided greater access to its intricacies. Judith contains a number of direct speeches, and direct speech in Hebrew literature in general, influences both plot development and characterization. This thesis is a discussion of how the direct speeches in Judith influence both its plot development and characterization. Since a number of the speeches contain irony, special attention has been given to this literary device.
Literatura como memória, memórias como literatura: entrecruzamentos do autobiográfico com o ficcional em textos de Judith Grossmann e Virginia WoolfPereira, Fernanda Mota 22 February 2013 (has links)
238 f. / Submitted by Cynthia Nascimento (email@example.com) on 2013-02-22T13:08:13Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Fernanda Mota Pereira.pdf: 1391988 bytes, checksum: 874efeda2cedf050bf4581ac42d3405f (MD5) / Approved for entry into archive by Valdinéia Ferreira(firstname.lastname@example.org) on 2013-02-22T14:59:13Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 Fernanda Mota Pereira.pdf: 1391988 bytes, checksum: 874efeda2cedf050bf4581ac42d3405f (MD5) / Made available in DSpace on 2013-02-22T14:59:13Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Fernanda Mota Pereira.pdf: 1391988 bytes, checksum: 874efeda2cedf050bf4581ac42d3405f (MD5) / Nesta tese, são tecidas reflexões sobre entrecruzamentos do autobiográfico com o ficcional no horizonte do tema: “literatura como memória, memórias como literatura”, expresso em seu título. O uso da palavra “como” entre os termos literatura e memória(s) simboliza migrações que os marcam, compreendendo, ainda, categorias textuais relacionadas a eles, a saber: a crítica e o arquivo. Migrações que têm sua cena na memória, concebida como um bloco mágico no qual imaginação, devaneios, lembranças, leituras de si e do outro se emaranham,constituindo, criativamente, narrativas literárias, diários, depoimentos, ensaios, artigos e arquivos, que compõem o corpus, aqui investigado, no âmbito da produção intelectual de Virginia Woolf e Judith Grossmann. Em narrativas e outras categorias discursivas eleitas para este estudo, vislumbra-se a representação de sujeitos, cuja tessitura amalgama-se na escrita de seus textos, desmarcando a distinção entre eles por configurarem-se como traços atuantes em grafias de si, presentes, mesmo sob o signo da ausência, nos mais diversos textos – de narrativas escritas em primeira pessoa a escritos nos quais esta não consta –, e por terem como esboço o arquitexto, delineado na memória. Cada uma das categorias discursivas mencionadas foi tratada em um capítulo desta tese, sem, contudo, deixar de trazer à baila as confluências que as atravessam e denotam seus entrelaces, sob o compasso de digressões e redes alusivas da memória. / Universidade Federal da Bahia. Instituto de Letras. Salvador-Ba, 2010.
Umkämpfte Differenz : hegemonietheoretische Perspektiven der Geschlechterpolitik mit Butler und Laclau /Distelhorst, Lars. January 2007 (has links)
Zugl.: Berlin, Freie Universiẗat, Diss.
Kfvinnor äro också människor : Om språk som maktredskap i normaliseringen av kvinnan som politiskt subjekt under rösträttskampen / Women are humans too : A study about language as a tool in the normalization of women as political subjects during the fight for the right to voteRussell, Sophia January 2017 (has links)
Due to the standards and values that characterized our society through history women have had a hidden place in the historiography. By a qualitative media analysis these values have been analysed to find out how women with the right to vote moved the values and how they were described in newspapers and magazines. The study is from Judith Butlers interpretation of how the gender perspective went through a process of normalization. The linguistic dimension of women has been analysed for two reasons firstly to discover how women are described as political subjects in 1911 and 1921 and how this can have affected perceptions of gender and value. In my study I came to the conclusion that their political interests and achievements most often were overshadowed because of their gender 1911 more than 1921. During 1921 it was still more important that women were women than men were men. Secondly I have studied how the women through magazines tried to tone down the fact that they were ground breakers. The study resulted in that the women often described their female characteristics in relation to their political relevance to give the reader the impression that femininity and politics belong together. These phenomena showed up more often in magazines than newspapers and were interpreted as these connections between femininity and politics were a part woman’s leverage to get the right to vote. The study contributes to the research of women’s history and a wider understanding for how language and journalism can contribute to perceptions of genus.
O campo da ambivalência. Poder, sujeito, linguagem e o legado de Michel Foucault na filosofia de Judith Butler / The field of ambivalence Power, subject, language and Michel Foucaults Legacy in the philosophy of Judith Butler.Luisa Helena Torrano 13 August 2010 (has links)
Judith Butler é mais conhecida como autora de Gender Trouble, no qual problematiza a maneira pela qual se pensava o gênero até então. A partir daí, ela publica diversas obras nas quais aprofunda e desenvolve sua filosofia, calcada em larga medida em considerações inicialmente propostas por Michel Foucault, partindo de sua noção de um poder produtivo dos sujeitos. Butler investiga os termos que desenham o campo de possibilidade dos sujeitos, desnudando como nossas noções de realidade são informadas pela linguagem, que indica apenas descrever aquilo que efetivamente molda e orquestra, chamando por transformação social e propondo uma ampliação da categoria de humano. / Judith Butler is better known for her best-seller Gender Trouble, that aims at troubling how gender has been thought until then. Afterwards she publishes several works that deepen and further develop her philosophy, largely based on considerations Michel Foucault has originally made, taking into account his idea of a power that positively produces the subjects. Butler inquires the terms that draw the field of possibility of the subjects, unveiling how our notions of reality are informed to us by language, that denotes to merely describe that which it actually frames into existence and orquestrates. She calls for social transformation and proposes an enlargement of the category of human.
10 September 2008
Between man and machine: a socio-historical analysis of masculinity in North American motorcycling cultureMaynard, Joshua Robert Adam 08 May 2008 (has links)
There has been a longstanding fascination with motorcycling culture in popular mainstream North American media, but this culture has only recently become the focus of rigorous, contextualized academic research. While smaller research projects have studied specific aspects of motorcycling culture, few academic researchers have investigated the exclusionary discourses that underpin motorcycling culture and none have done so in a methodical manner. Using a series of columns published over a thirty-five year period in the popular Canadian motorcycle magazine, Cycle Canada, I have analyzed the discourses through which motorcycling culture comes to have meaning to its participants and I have elucidated the socio-historical understandings of masculinity that are present in North American motorcycling culture. This thesis provides a historical sociological analysis of motorcycling discourse through a feminist lens. I view gender as a relation that must constantly be (re)negotiated amongst socially constituted subjects and I pay particular attention to how technological discourse is made socially durable and sustainable by the interface of material (motorcycles) and organic (human) beings. Longitudinal analysis of Cycle Canada illustrates the presence of heteronormative discourses that constrain readers' choices of gender identification and sexual orientation to traditional notions of masculinity. In an effort to create solidarity with their readers, the magazine editors cater to the perceived interests of an idealized male audience by performing these masculine identities. Though motorcycling culture in Canada is increasingly diverse, Cycle Canada has only begun to reflect this diversity in the past two years of publication. Explicating the social, political, economic, technological and historical context which gave rise to particular masculine identities in motorcycling culture allows us to focus on the positive agency involved in the performance of masculine identities, while still recognizing that there remains room to include other figurations of identity beyond traditional concepts of heteronormativity and homosociality. / Thesis (Master, Sociology) -- Queen's University, 2008-05-07 06:21:18.665
Flaskpost för frigörelse? : En studie om könsroller och emancipation i Alice Munros novell ”To Reach Japan" / Liberation by a Message in a Bottle? : Gender Roles and Emancipation in Alice Munro's Short Story "To Reach Japan"Okhovat, Sarajeh January 2014 (has links)
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