The role of the social worker in the Veterans Administration Guidance Center, Atlanta University, Atlanta, GeorgiaHill, Hugh Ravaue 01 June 1952 (has links)
No description available.
01 January 2014
This study examined the predictors of independent living outcomes among community–living older women who received informal care. The central hypothesis was that older women’s level of functioning is influenced by their relationship with their informal caregiver. The study attempted to understand the independence of older women through the perspective of both informal caregivers and the older women themselves. The following eight variables were measured: 1) the older women’s independence (dependent variable); 2) the relationship between older women and their informal caregivers (independent variable); 3) roles of both the informal caregiver and older women (independent variable); 4) the older women’s attitudes toward aging (independent variable); 5) the older women’s age identity (independent variable); 6) the older women’s health (control variable); 7) the older women’s level of social support (control variable); and 8) the older women’s level of depression (control variable). The variables were measured from the perspective of the older woman herself and her informal caregiver. This study used an ecological and developmental framework along with role theory to understand the interaction among the aforementioned variables through a cross-sectional design. The recruited older women participants of this study were receiving ongoing care and personal assistance from two large home care agencies located in Miami, FL. An analysis was conducted through a mixed-methods incorporated into the study design. The present study aimed to contribute to the understanding of how the relationship between older women and their informal caregivers influences older women’s ability to maintain independent outcomes. The primary finding of this study was that there were both positive and negative experiences within the relationship dynamic of older women and their informal caregivers and that this relationship was either unidirectional or bi-directional.
Kelley, J Forrest
01 January 1948
No description available.
An assessment of social functioning in the Social Service Department of the United States Penitentiary of Atlanta, GeorgiaJohnson, Eddie, Jr 01 January 1964 (has links)
No description available.
A study of the relationship of unemployment, family support, and mental disorder to the recidivism of the incarcerated in a Georgia state prisonEdet, Esther B 01 December 2007 (has links)
This study investigated the relationship of unemployment, family support, and mental disorder to the recidivism of incarcerated females in a Georgia State Prison. The research hypothesis of the study was: unemployment, family support and mental disorder are significantly related to the recidivism of incarcerated females in a Georgia State prison. Two hundred and seventy-two female prisoners, consisting of randomly selected first-time and repeat offenders, participated in the study. The questionnaire used in the survey had three sections with a total of forty-six questions. Professional counselors, under the supervision of the researcher, administered the questionnaire to the participants. The statistical procedures used to describe and analyze the data included descriptive measures, correlation analysis and the chi-squared distribution. The findings of the study indicated that the three variables: unemployment, family support and mental disorder are significantly and highly correlated with recidivism.
ENGAGEMENT, PARENTING SKILLS, AND PARENT-CHILD RELATIONS AS MEDIATORS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PARENTAL SELF-EFFICACY AND TREATMENT OUTCOMES FOR CHILDREN WITH CONDUCT PROBLEMSTrunzo, Annette Catharine 05 May 2006 (has links)
Increasingly, behavioral health professionals are recognizing the need to involve parents and other significant family members in the treatment of children. However, often professionals and parents themselves may not feel comfortable with a more inclusive treatment approach. Parents own level of self-efficacy may inhibit or enhance the behavioral health care. Self-efficacy is defined by Bandura as a person's belief about his or her own abilities to produce designated levels of performance that can serve to influence events that affect their lives. This study investigated the relationship between parental self-efficacy and treatment outcomes for children with conduct problems. Using a secondary analysis of the data collected in the REACH Project, the relationship of parental self-efficacy, parenting skills, engagement, and parent-child relations with child outcomes was assessed. Also examined were the effects of changes in childs behaviors on parental self-efficacy. Findings from the path analysis of two mediational models suggest that parental self-efficacy is not a predictor of child outcomes as expected but that the parents level of engagement in treatment is predictive of the improvements children with conduct problems will make in treatment. Additionally, parental self-efficacy does not improve as a childs behavioral problems diminish although improvements in parenting skills are predictive of improvements in parental self-efficacy. Although this study has a number of limitations, it is a first step in identifying the relationships amongst parental characteristic and the outcomes of childrens behavioral health services. Discussion about how parents self-efficacy plays a role is offered.
Ford, Angela A.
03 May 2006
Older adults, like any other age group, have a diverse set of health beliefs, health seeking patterns, and health practices, all of which have the potential to influence health behavior and ultimately health outcomes. The purpose of this study was to further the understanding of health behavior among elderly African American women, with 'health behavior' encompassing the combination of health related beliefs, patterns of health seeking behavior, and health practices in relation to both acute health problems and acute episodes of chronic conditions. The investigation was intended to answer two questions: 1. What are the health-related behaviors of older African American women? 2. Are age, education, living arrangement, and marital status related to their perceived health status? This study was both exploratory and descriptive, using content analysis as the method for examining responses related to health behavior among 45 elderly African American women, aged 67 and older living in Allegheny County. The data were originally collected for a supplemental grant to a controlled randomized prospective study entitled Geriatric Health Care and Assessment (RO1 AG08276), funded by the National Institute on Aging in 1992. Key Concepts of the Noel Chrisman model (1977) for a health seeking process, along with selected questions from the supplemental study's semi-structured questionnaire, provide the organizing framework for this exploration. These concepts include: symptom definition, illness- shifts in role behavior, lay consultation and referral, treatment actions and adherence. Given the importance of perceived health status, this variable was evaluated for relationships with selected demographic characteristics: age, education, income, living arrangement and marital status and other health behavior measures included in the study. In addition, I examined perceptions of care and race and gender preferences since these were themes emerging as a result of the questions asked in the study.
Posttraumatic Stress Symptomatology in Aging Combat Veterans: The Direct and Buffering Effects of Stress and Social SupportHart, Carol L 15 May 2006 (has links)
Abstract The literature has reported that some older veterans are still distressed by memories of traumatic experiences decades after wartime military service. Recent research has suggested that posttraumatic stress symptoms may appear or reappear during late life in survivors of past trauma and that stress associated with age-related changes may intensify this phenomenon. This dissertation research examined the relationship between past combat exposure and posttraumatic stress symptomatology in community-dwelling veterans of World War II and the Korean War. The risk factor of perceived stress and the protective factor of perceived social support were examined for their potential to exacerbate or mitigate this relationship. The study also investigated the effect of past combat exposure and the role of the moderating variables on health-related quality of life. A secondary aim of the research was to assess the direct effect of perceived stress and perceived social support on the outcome variables. The results indicated that past combat exposure was positively associated with experiencing posttraumatic stress symptoms in World War II and Korean War veterans. Perceived stress was found to significantly exacerbate this relationship. Direct effect relationships were found between perceived stress and both posttraumatic stress symptomatology and health-related quality of life. The mean number of posttraumatic stress symptoms experienced by participants at the symptomatic level was five. The most frequent symptom experienced was sleep disturbance, the second was becoming upset at reminders of the traumatic experience. Increased levels of posttraumatic stress symptoms were found in veterans who were not married, living in an urban area, and diagnosed with depression.
Fevola, Antonio Vincenzo
19 October 2006
The aim of this research is to understand the factors that enhance and improve outcomes for children in early childhood intervention programs (ECI). This will be done by measuring the impact of the integration of services for children, especially children at developmental risk and/or with developmental delays/disabilities. This research will use existing early intervention data from two different early education programs in Pennsylvania, one which is identified as Fully Integrated EC Program and the other as Consultative Ad-hoc- EC Coordinated Program. The hypothesis being tested is that fully integrated program initiatives will show significantly better child and family outcomes than the more traditional consultative-ad-hoc community-based early childhood programs. The data will be analyzed using both descriptive statistics and multivariate analyses. The results have implication at the agency and practice levels as well as at the policy and funding levels. This study will also contribute to advance understanding and knowledge of best practices in early childhood intervention and education programs.
RELATIONS AMONG INTERPARENTAL RELATIONSHIP QUALITY, MATERNAL DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS, PARENTING IN THE HOME ENVIRONMENT, AND PRE-SCHOOL CHILD BEHAVIOR IN AFRICAN AMERICAN, LOW-INCOME, SINGLE-MOTHER FAMILIESPeters, Solveig S. 17 April 2007 (has links)
Extensive literature links interparental relationship quality, particularly coparent conflict, with child behavior problems. Evidence suggests associations between and among interparental discord related to child-rearing disagreements, parenting difficulties, maternal depressive symptoms and child functioning. Experts assert that children function best when their biological parents have a stable marital relationship, and that interparental conflict can jeopardize the stability of the marriage, potential for marriage and the continuation of father involvement However, the preponderance of such research has investigated White, middle-class married or divorced families. Little is known about interparental relationship quality, family moderating factors and behavior problems of young children in African American, low-income, single- mother-headed families. Exploration of this problem is important because early childhood behavioral problems can persist and can contribute to childrens academic underachievement and societal maladjustment. Grounded in the ecological and risk and resilience theoretical perspectives, this quantitative, cross-sectional survey design study investigated associations among interparental relations, maternal depressive symptoms, maternal parenting, and pre-school child behavior problems in African American, low-income, single-mother-headed families. With the cooperation of the Allegheny County Assistance Office, a randomly selected group of 100 mothers and their 3- or 4-year old children, participated in this study. This study used the Time 1 data from an NIMH-funded longitudinal study with Dr. Aurora Jackson as principal investigator. Hierarchical regression analyses were used. Contrary to research with White families, greater mother-reported interparental relationship problems were not associated with more child behavior problems. As hypothesized, fewer maternal depressive symptoms and more optimal maternal parenting were associated with fewer child behavior problems. Controlling for frequency of father contact did not affect relationships in the model. A post hoc finding showed that greater father contact was associated with fewer internalizing behavior problems. Neither fewer maternal depressive symptoms nor more optimal maternal parenting buffered the association between poor interparental relations and child behavior problems. These findings suggest further investigation particularly considering the extensive financial investments and programs funded by the African American Healthy Marriage Initiative. These programs intend to encourage marriage and strengthen poor families, yet have scant research about Black nonmarital, coparent relationships from which to inform these efforts.
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