Factors influencing energy consumption among moderately low income residents in multifamily rental apartmentsMosale Krishne Gowda, Achala Parameshwari 27 May 2016 (has links)
Residential electricity consumption is responsible for approximately 30% of global electricity consumption. Further, residential electricity consumption in the United States of America is 25% of the total energy consumption in the United States. Hence the residential energy sector will play a critical role in the future of the electricity industry, especially given the increasing global demand for affordable electricity services, as well as the urgent need to reduce climate change emissions from the electricity sectors. Recent studies estimate that behavioral changes can reduce residential energy consumption by about 7.4%. So, by providing more detailed feedback to consumers about their energy usage at the appliance level can potentially encourage such behavioral changes. However, achieving a better understanding of the nature of household electricity consumption is challenging, due to the heterogeneity of the residential sector, the complexity of the under-lying drivers and the lack of comprehensive data. Relevant data includes household demographics, including occupant numbers, age distributions, and income; household behavior such as how often occupants use certain appliances and the interest and effort that they devote towards energy conservation; building types, such as the type of dwelling (free standing or unit), different appliance ownership and access to alternatives to electricity for some services such as gas for heating and cooking; and the climate zone of the households as well as the daily weather conditions. As explained before, the wide variation seen across all of these drivers’ leads to considerable differences in households’ electricity consumption. But data on these drivers is not always available. There has generally been only limited electricity consumption data available. Energy Conservation has become one of the first sustainability issues to be addressed through combination of national and local government policies. Human behavior is the major link to the environmental issues like global warming. Making domestic energy consumption visible to the end users has become more challenging due to metering methods. The only commonly visible record of consumption comes in the form of quarterly bills or monthly statements, by which time the links between specific activities and the energy consumed are severely dislocated, a situation described elsewhere as similar to a supermarket not displaying any individual product prices but merely providing the shopper with a total non-itemized bill at the checkout. Such issues create a negative effect on awareness towards sustainability. Many studies has proven that giving feedback on human behavior has significantly affected the energy consumption. To most consumers in developed countries, the fuel used within homes has become, to a large extent, an invisible resource. So, there should be some policy to guide consumers and to make them understand the importance of energy saving. Several test statistics procedures were performed to understand the relationship between residents’ behavior and energy consumption: Impact of indoor and outdoor temperature on energy consumption, Impact of residents’ behavior and awareness on energy consumption, and Impact of all variables in the study on energy consumption.
Nation energy system patterns and forecasting : a thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Engineering in Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand /Hung, Ching-Yi Emily. January 1900 (has links)
Thesis (M.E.)--University of Canterbury, 2009. / Typescript (photocopy). "February 2009." Includes bibliographical references (p. -139). Also available via the World Wide Web.
The Establishment and Experimental Investigation of Energy Consumption Classification Index of Hotel Buildings in TaiwanChiang, Ching-Ling 22 June 2006 (has links)
Due to the economic booms, power demand has been increasing significantly in Taiwan, and become the main cause for power shortages. Therefore, building energy conservation has become the major strategy in cope with the national energy policy. However, the building energy code has provided only a flat threshold value for specific building type, and lacking of diversity among building sizes and various weather conditions. It is the goal of this study to further classify this threshold value, by conducting full-scale experiment on energy consumption in hotel buildings across the country. Among the 29 hotel buildings selected ,the EUI and DUI values were measured and recorded annually, and compared with the DOE 2.2 simulation results. The comparative study further analyzed the primary factors in affecting the EUI and DUI values, including weather conditions, building sizes, such as floor area, and hotel rankings. The detailed classification of the hotel building energy consumption threshold values can be adapted as effective design criteria or building energy codes and standards which can contribute significantly.
Analysis of improved fenestration for code-compliant residential buildings in hot and humid climatesMukhopadhyay, Jaya 30 October 2006 (has links)
This thesis presents an analysis of energy efficient residential windows in hot and humid climates. To accomplish this analysis, the use of accurate simulation tools such as DOE-2.1e is required, which incorporates the results from the WINDOW-5.2 simulation program to assess accurate fenestration performance. The thesis also investigates the use of optimal glazing types, which, for future applications, could be specified in the code to reduce annual net energy consumption to zero. Results show that combinations of low-E and double pane, clear-glazed windows, which are optimally shaded according to orientation are the best solution for lowering both annual energy consumption and peak electricity loads. The study also concludes that the method used to model fenestration in the simulation program plays an important role in accurately determining the effectiveness of the glazing option used. In this particular study, the use of the WINDOW-5.2 program is highly recommended especially for high performance windows (i.e., low-E glazing). Finally, a discussion on the incorporation of super high performance windows (i.e., super low-E, ultra low-E and dynamic / switchable glazing) into the IECC code concludes that these types of glazing strategies can reduce annual net energy use of the window to zero. Future work identified by this thesis includes a more extensive examination of the passive solar potential of high performance fenestration, and an examination of the appropriate methods for specifying these properties in future versions of the IECC code. This implies that future specifications for fenestration in the IECC code could aim for zero net annual energy consumption levels from residential fenestration.
Hitchcock, Guy St.John.
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Open University. BLDSC no. DX185083.
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Open University. BLDSC no. DXN088257.
Williams, Nathan A.
(has links) (PDF)
Thesis (M.S. in Mechanical Engineering and M.S. in Information Technology Management)--Naval Postgraduate School, September 2003. / Thesis advisor(s): Joshua H. Gordis, Dan Boger. Includes bibliographical references (p. 157-158). Also available online.
No description available.
Finney, James Marshall
No description available.
Al-Bakri, Usama A. R.
No description available.
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