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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Book review of: Marc Ereshefsky. The Poverty of the Linnaean Hierarchy: A Philosophical Study of Biological Taxonomy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Hjørland, Birger 11 1900 (has links)
A book review of a book criticizing the famous classification system developed by the Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus (1707â 1778), which has been used and adapted by biologists over a period of almost 250 years. The review considers theoretical issues in classification and the importance of the book for the field of Knowledge Organization.

A case study of community organization services in Savannah-Chatham County, Georgia, 1950-1958.

Allen, Clarence L. Unknown Date (has links)
No description available.

The Effects of Mandatory Disclosure on Product Quality, Prices, and Competition

Smith, Michael J. January 2016 (has links)
Thesis advisor: Julie Mortimer / This dissertation estimates the impacts of a mandatory disclosure policy (the New York City grade law) on hygiene quality choices, prices, and competition.In the first and third chapters of my dissertation, I estimate a dynamic structural model to recover the implied costs underlying quality choice decisions. Though the researcher may not observe these costs in the data, they can be recovered empirically by considering how firm decision making changes depending on the conditions in play at the firm and in the market over time. Having a structural model also enables me to conduct counterfactual experiments, which show that several key parameters, such as sunk entry costs, or the value from competing in certain types of markets, can have a meaningful impact on the policy outcomes. My first chapter examines whether the grade law leads to increased product quality provision by firms selling differentiated products. I focus on Zagat rated restaurants, which prior to the grade law have many pre-existing quality characteristics valued by consumers that can differentiate them from other firms. I estimate a dynamic model of entry, exit and investment in hygiene quality, incorporating permanent firm-level unobserved heterogeneity, and find that the grade law increased payoffs from entering with, operating with, and investing in higher quality. However, I also show that underlying costs of providing quality affect firm decision making in the absence of mandatory disclosure, and that altering these costs can shift the distribution of quality types towards higher quality. I derive a counterfactual tax policy that directly targets these costs and leads to higher percentages of high quality firms across markets than the mandatory disclosure policy. My second chapter uses the same panel of Zagat restaurants as in Chapter 1, and estimates how the grade law affects the pricing decisions of restaurants with different hygiene qualities. Since the grade law introduces a new dimension of product quality, firms may be able to charge higher prices for access to high quality. However, because firms in this setting are already selling differentiated products, it is possible that prices do not change. Furthermore, prices charged by lower quality firms may fall, because consumers would not consume at a low quality firms without being compensated with a lower price, or the prices may not change or even rise, partially because consumers are still willing to pay for the firm's other quality characteristics. Controlling for firm characteristics and market conditions, I find that the introduction of the law led to a decrease in prices charged by lower quality firms relative to those charged by high quality firms. The results suggest that as quality levels increase in the market, consumers may benefit due to the decreased ability of firms to price discriminate as they would if there were asymmetric information on quality. However, I also find evidence that, as a result of the grade law, firms pass-through some of the costs of improving quality to consumers in the form of higher prices. My third chapter presents preliminary findings suggesting how the grade law impacts the hygiene quality choices of firms with few observable quality characteristics prior to mandatory disclosure. Using the same dynamic model framework as in Chapter 1, I estimate the effects of the grade law on the hygiene quality choices of bagel shops, and show how these choices relate to market competition. While most of the model results and predictions from this chapter are sensitive and should be interpreted with caution as they likely do not fully identify the parameters of interest, I do estimate a positive relationship between competition with high quality firms and choice of high quality after the grade law; however, I also find evidence that entry costs are increasing in quality. Counterfactuals show that lowering the costs of entry with high quality both before and after the grade law could increase the proportion of firms choosing high quality. Additionally, I find that the competitive interaction between firms provides an important incentive to investing in higher quality under mandatory disclosure. I interpret this finding as evidence that the effects of mandatory disclosure are primarily transmitted through competition, and that removing these effects of competition would significantly reduce the gains from mandatory disclosure. This research contributes to a growing literature on the efficacy and importance of mandatory disclosure policies. Mandatory disclosure can be a valuable policy tool used to target an inefficiency or social harm such as a high incidence of food poisoning at restaurants. However, the effect of these policies on the choices made by firms should also be considered. Firm quality choices after mandatory disclosure will be determined by consumer demand for the new dimension of product quality, competition with market rivals, and costs. Consumer demand for hygiene quality may depend on factors such as how much they pay for a meal, meaning that demand for hygiene quality may be different for limited-service restaurants than for full-service restaurants. However, allowing consumers, who may consider multiple characteristics of quality, not just hygiene, to provide the sole incentives for firms to improve their quality, may under-incentivize quality improvement of some firms. Furthermore, market conditions such as competition can be important, and may not be addressed at all by the consumer response. Policies that use cost-based incentives to firms, or target firms operating under certain market conditions, could be used as a replacement or supplement to the workings on the demand-side. My results suggest that such alternative policies which, rather than asking consumers to enforce product quality improvement via their consumption decisions, directly target the incentives faced by firms when making product quality choices, merit consideration. / Thesis (PhD) — Boston College, 2016. / Submitted to: Boston College. Graduate School of Arts and Sciences. / Discipline: Economics.

Recontextualizing Culture, Power, and Change within MNCs

Belal, Nacera Catherine 12 April 2019 (has links)
<p> The current state of the global economy is in constant transformation. This transformation results in new industries, technologies, and markets. In order to effectively maintain relevance throughout these transformations, organizations must be equipped with the ability to manage change and foster innovation. An organization that is unable to adapt to the rapid changes taking place in this economy will be at greater risk for failure. Context, whether it be cultural, geographic, social or a mix of several overlapping dynamics, is the silent decider of organizational paradigms. The process of transferring organizational assets, such as strategy or culture, from one context to another, is known as recontextualization. This thesis seeks to address the significance of recontextualized organizational assets within a Multinational Corporation (MNC) and the impact on its employees and management structures. The case study will examine how recontextualization shapes a French Headquarter (HQ) - US subsidiary relationship, and more specifically how this contextual dynamic impacts the reception of a HQled change management mission. The conclusion of this thesis will provide perspective for future attempts at collaborative change must integrate greater awareness of recontextualization, particularly during their planned strategic organizational transformation. The supporting research presented throughout this work encompasses interviews with organizational development leaders, cross-cultural management and recontextualization experts, as well as employee testimonials and an autoethnography illustrating the complexities of the HQ-subsidiary relationship.</p><p>

A study of factors affecting residents' attachment to their housing community suggestion on establishment of community quotient in Hong Kong /

Lee, Ming-wai. January 2006 (has links)
Thesis (B.Sc)--University of Hong Kong, 2006. / Includes bibliographical references (p. 104-112)

Essays on Timing of Firm Actions in Industrial Economics

Li, Youping 01 August 2011 (has links)
The timing of actions by firms plays an important role in industrial economics. It is key to strategic advantage in oligopoly models whether firms compete on quantity or on price. In a vertical relationship between input suppliers and final-good manufacturers, a firm which chooses a strategy first will take into account the response by those firms moving second and different sequence of play leads to different market outcomes. In my dissertation, I study the determinants and implications of the timing of firm actions in a variety of scenarios. In my first two essays, I examine how market leadership may arise endogenously in oligopoly models and focus on the effect of information about uncertain market demand. My first essay studies a quantity game and I identify the circumstance under which a perishable information asymmetry regarding stochastic demand causes market leadership. In an information acquisition game, I show that Stackelberg equilibrium in the full game is supported only when firms have different costs of information. My second essay considers a duopoly in which firms supply a differentiated product and compete on price. I find that different equilibrium outcomes arise under different information structures. Under asymmetric information, a firm’s information advantage leads to a strategic disadvantage of leading in the price game. The time value of information may well be negative, contrasting with results in the first essay. In my third essay, I consider a vertical relationship in which a supplier sets the price of an input and the firm that produces the final good must choose how much to invest in some complementary input or process. Two models with different sequence of firm actions are studied and yield different pricing strategies for the upstream monopolist. Interestingly, a change of the sequence from one model (the upstream firm commits to input prices first) to the other (the upstream firm sets input prices after investments are made) benefits all parties including the upstream monopolist, the downstream firms and the consumers.

Information management and the biological warfare threat /

Martinez, Antonio. January 2002 (has links) (PDF)
Thesis (M.S.)--Naval Postgraduate School, 2002. / Thesis advisor(s): John Arquilla, Shaun Jones. Includes bibliographical references (p. 57-63). Also available online.

A study of planning and implementing processes in social welfare by two voluntary organizations

Robertson, Mary Ella, January 1962 (has links)
Thesis--University of Pittsburgh. / eContent provider-neutral record in process. Description based on print version record. Includes bibliographical references.

Information management and the biological warfare threat

Martinez, Antonio. January 2002 (has links) (PDF)
Thesis (M.S.)--Naval Postgraduate School, 2002. / Thesis advisor(s): John Arquilla, Shaun Jones. Includes bibliographical references (p. 57-63). Also available online.

Organizational analysis of the Fleet and Industrial Supply Center, Norfolk Detachment Philadelphia /

Hanger, Leanne. January 2003 (has links) (PDF)
Thesis (M.S. in Contract Management)--Naval Postgraduate School, June 2003. / Thesis advisor(s): Cary Simon, Velma Corey. Includes bibliographical references (p. 87-88). Also available online.

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