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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Neural Network Based Cogeneration Dispatch nder Deregulation

Chou, Yu-ching 03 August 2005 (has links)
Co-generation is an efficient energy system that generates steam and electricity simultaneously. In ordinary operation, fuel cost accounts for more than 60% of the operational cost. As a result, the boiler efficiency and optimization level of co-generation are both high. To achieve further energy conservation, objectives of this thesis are to find the Profit-maximizing dispatch and efficiency enhancing strategy of the co-generation systems under deregulation. In a coexistent environment of both Bilateral and Poolco-based power market, there are bid-based spot dispatch, and purchases and sales agreement-based contract dispatch. For profit-maximizing dispatch, the steam of boilers, fuels and generation output will be obtained by using the SQP(Sequential Quadratic Programming ) method. In order to improve the boiler efficiency, this thesis utilizes artificial neural networks(ANN) and evolutionary programming(EP) methods to search for the optimal operating conditions of boilers. A co-generation system (back-pressure type and extraction type) is used to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.

Sequential quadratic programming-based contingency constrained optimal power flow

Pajic, Slobodan. January 2003 (has links)
Thesis (M.S.)--Worcester Polytechnic Institute. / Keywords: contingency; interior point method; optimal power flow. Includes bibliographical references (p. 82-83).

A New Interpolation Approach for Linearly Constrained Convex Optimization

Espinoza, Francisco 08 1900 (has links)
In this thesis we propose a new class of Linearly Constrained Convex Optimization methods based on the use of a generalization of Shepard's interpolation formula. We prove the properties of the surface such as the interpolation property at the boundary of the feasible region and the convergence of the gradient to the null space of the constraints at the boundary. We explore several descent techniques such as steepest descent, two quasi-Newton methods and the Newton's method. Moreover, we implement in the Matlab language several versions of the method, particularly for the case of Quadratic Programming with bounded variables. Finally, we carry out performance tests against Matab Optimization Toolbox methods for convex optimization and implementations of the standard log-barrier and active-set methods. We conclude that the steepest descent technique seems to be the best choice so far for our method and that it is competitive with other standard methods both in performance and empirical growth order.

Projected Barzilai-Borwein Method with Infeasible Iterates for Nonnegative Image Deconvolution

Fraser, Kathleen 22 July 2011 (has links)
The Barzilai-Borwein (BB) method for unconstrained optimization has attracted attention for its "chaotic" behaviour and fast convergence on image deconvolution problems. However, images with large areas of darkness, such as those often found in astronomy or microscopy, have been shown to benefit from approaches which impose a nonnegativity constraint on the pixel values. We present a new adaptation of the BB method which enforces a nonnegativity constraint by projecting the solution onto the feasible set, but allows for infeasible iterates between projections. We show that this approach results in faster convergence than the basic Projected Barzilai-Borwein (PBB) method, while achieving better quality images than the unconstrained BB method. We find that the new method also performs comparably to the Gradient Projection-Conjugate Gradient (GPCG) method, and in most test cases achieves a lower restoration error, despite being a much simpler algorithm.

Aggregation in large scale quadratic programming

Foster, David Martin 08 1900 (has links)
No description available.

Discrete Approximations, Relaxations, and Applications in Quadratically Constrained Quadratic Programming

Beach, Benjamin Josiah 02 May 2022 (has links)
We present works on theory and applications for Mixed Integer Quadratically Constrained Quadratic Programs (MIQCQP). We introduce new mixed integer programming (MIP)-based relaxation and approximation schemes for general Quadratically Constrained Quadratic Programs (QCQP's), and also study practical applications of QCQP's and Mixed-integer QCQP's (MIQCQP). We first address a challenging tank blending and scheduling problem regarding operations for a chemical plant. We model the problem as a discrete-time nonconvex MIQCP, then approximate this model as a MILP using a discretization-based approach. We combine a rolling horizon approach with the discretization of individual chemical property specifications to deal with long scheduling horizons, time-varying quality specifications, and multiple suppliers with discrete arrival times. Next, we study optimization methods applied to minimizing forces for poses and movements of chained Stewart platforms (SPs). These SPs are parallel mechanisms that are stiffer, and more precise, on average, than their serial counterparts at the cost of a smaller range of motion. The robot will be used in concert with several other types robots to perform complex assembly missions in space. We develop algorithms and optimization models that can efficiently decide on favorable poses and movements that reduce force loads on the robot, hence reducing wear on this machine, and allowing for a larger workspace and a greater overall payload capacity. In the third work, we present a technique for producing valid dual bounds for nonconvex quadratic optimization problems. The approach leverages an elegant piecewise linear approximation for univariate quadratic functions and formulate this approximation using mixed-integer programming (MIP). Combining this with a diagonal perturbation technique to convert a nonseparable quadratic function into a separable one, we present a mixed-integer convex quadratic relaxation for nonconvex quadratic optimization problems. We study the strength (or sharpness) of our formulation and the tightness of its approximation. We computationally demonstrate that our model outperforms existing MIP relaxations, and on hard instances can compete with state-of-the-art solvers. Finally, we study piecewise linear relaxations for solving quadratically constrained quadratic programs (QCQP's). We introduce new relaxation methods based on univariate reformulations of nonconvex variable products, leveraging the relaxation from the third work to model each univariate quadratic term. We also extend the NMDT approach (Castro, 2015) to leverage discretization for both variables in a bilinear term, squaring the resulting precision for the same number of binary variables. We then present various results related to the relative strength of the various formulations. / Doctor of Philosophy / First, we study a challenging long-horizon supply acquisition problem for a chemical plant. For this problem, constraints with products of variables are required to track raw material composition from supply carriers to storage tanks to the production feed. We apply a mixed-integer nonlinear program (MIP) approximation of the problem combined with a rolling planning scheme to obtain good solutions for industry problems within a reasonable time frame. Next, we study optimization methods applied to a robot designed as a stack of Stewart platforms (SPs), which will be used in concert with several other types robots to perform complex space missions. When chaining these SPs together, we obtain a robot that is generally stiffer more precise than a classic robot arm, enabling their potential use for a variety of purposes. Our methods can efficiently decide on favorable poses and movements for the robot that reduce force loads on the robot, hence reducing wear on this machine, and allowing for a larger usable range of motion and a greater overall payload capacity. Our final two works focus on MIP-based techniques for nonconvex QCQP's. In the first work, we break down the objective into an easy-to-handle term minus some squared terms. We then introduce an elegant new MIP-based approximation to handle these squared terms. We prove that this approximation has strong theoretical guarantees, then demonstrate that it is effective compared to other approximations. In the second, we directly model each variable product term using a MIP relaxation. We introduce two new formulations to do this that build on previous formulations, increasing the accuracy with the same number of integer variables. We then prove a variety of useful properties about the presented formulations, then compare them computationally on two families of problems.

The mixed-integer bilinear programming problem with extensions to zero-one quadratic programs

Adams, Warren Philip January 1985 (has links)
This research effort is concerned with a class of mathematical programming problems referred to as Mixed-Integer Bilinear Programming Problems. This class of problems, which arises in production, location-allocation, and distribution-application contexts, may be considered as a discrete version of the well-known Bilinear Programming Problem in that one set of decision variables is restricted to be binary valued. The structure of this problem is studied, and special cases wherein it is readily solvable are identified. For the more general case, a new linearization technique is introduced and demonstrated to lead to a tighter linear programming relaxation than obtained through available linearization methods. Based on this linearization, a composite Lagrangian relaxation-implicit enumeration-cutting plane algorithm is developed. Extensive computational experience is provided to test the efficiency of various algorithmic strategies and the effects of problem data on the computational effort of the proposed algorithm. The solution strategy developed for the Mixed-Integer Bilinear Programming Problem may be applied, with suitable modifications,. to other classes of mathematical programming problems: in particular, to the Zero-One Quadratic Programming Problem. In what may be considered as an extension to the work performed on the Mixed-Integer Bilinear Programming Problem, a solution strategy based on an equivalent linear reformulation is developed for the Zero-One Quadratic Programming Problem. The strategy is essentially an implicit enumeration algorithm which employs Lagrangian relaxation, Benders' cutting planes, and local explorations. Computational experience for this problem class is provided to justify the worth of the proposed linear reformulation and algorithm. / Ph. D.

New solution approaches for the quadratic assignment problem

Fomeni, Franklin Djeumou 18 January 2012 (has links)
MSc., Faculty of Science, University of the Witwatersrand, 2011 / A vast array of important practical problems, in many di erent elds, can be modelled and solved as quadratic assignment problems (QAP). This includes problems such as university campus layout, forest management, assignment of runners in a relay team, parallel and distributed computing, etc. The QAP is a di cult combinatorial optimization problem and solving QAP instances of size greater than 22 within a reasonable amount of time is still challenging. In this dissertation, we propose two new solution approaches to the QAP, namely, a Branch-and-Bound method and a discrete dynamic convexized method. These two methods use the standard quadratic integer programming formulation of the QAP. We also present a lower bounding technique for the QAP based on an equivalent separable convex quadratic formulation of the QAP. We nally develop two di erent new techniques for nding initial strictly feasible points for the interior point method used in the Branch-and-Bound method. Numerical results are presented showing the robustness of both methods.

Using linear programming to solve convex quadratic programming problems

Ilyes, Amy Louise January 1993 (has links)
No description available.

Applications of Integer Quadratic Programming in Control and Communication

Axehill, Daniel January 2005 (has links)
<p>The main topic of this thesis is integer quadratic programming with applications to problems arising in the areas of automatic control and communication. One of the most widespread modern control principles is the discrete-time method Model Predictive Control (MPC). The main advantage with MPC, compared to most other control principles, is that constraints on control signals and states can easily be handled. In each time step, MPC requires the solution of a Quadratic Programming (QP) problem. To be able to use MPC for large systems, and at high sampling rates, optimization routines tailored for MPC are used. In recent years, the range of application of MPC has been extended from constrained linear systems to so-called hybrid systems. Hybrid systems are systems where continuous dynamics interact with logic. When this extension is made, binary variables are introduced in the problem. As a consequence, the QP problem has to be replaced by a far more challenging Mixed Integer Quadratic Programming (MIQP) problem. Generally, for this type of optimization problems, the computational complexity is exponential in the number of binary optimization variables. In modern communication systems, multiple users share a so-called multi-access channel, where the information sent by different users is separated by using almost orthogonal codes. Since the codes are not completely orthogonal, the decoded information at the receiver is slightly correlated between different users. Further, noise is added during the transmission. To estimate the information originally sent, a maximum likelihood problem involving binary variables is solved. The process of simultaneously estimating the information sent by multiple users is called multiuser detection. In this thesis, the problem to efficiently solve MIQP problems originating from MPC is addressed. Two different algorithms are presented. First, a polynomial complexity preprocessing algorithm for binary quadratic programming problems is presented. By using the algorithm, some, or all, binary variables can be computed efficiently already in the preprocessing phase. In simulations, the algorithm is applied to unconstrained MPC problems with a mixture of real and binary control signals. It has also been applied to the multiuser detection problem, where simulations have shown that the bit error rate can be significantly reduced by using the proposed algorithm as compared to using common suboptimal algorithms. Second, an MIQP algorithm tailored for MPC is presented. The algorithm uses a branch and bound method where the relaxed node problems are solved by a dual active set QP algorithm. In this QP algorithm, the KKT-systems are solved using Riccati recursions in order to decrease the computational complexity. Simulation results show that both the QP solver and the MIQP solver proposed have lower computational complexity than corresponding generic solvers.</p> / Report code: LiU-TEK-LIC-2005:71.

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