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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Nanostructured Light Metal Hydrides Based on Li, Al, Na, B and N for Solid State Hydrogen Storage

Parviz, Roozbeh 12 July 2013 (has links)
The present work reports a study of the effects of the compositions, and various catalytic additives and nanostructuring by high-energy ball milling, on the hydrogen storage properties of LiBH4, NaBH4, LiNH2 and LiAlH4 complex hydrides and their composites. The composites of (NaBH4+2Mg(OH)2) and (LiBH4+2Mg(OH)2) without and with nanometric nickel (n-Ni) added as a potential catalyst were synthesized by ball milling. The effect of the addition of 5 wt.% nanometric Ni on the dehydrogenation behavior of both the NaBH4-and LiBH4-based composites is rather negligible. In the (LiNH2+nMgH2) system, the phase transformations occurring as a function of the ball milling energy injected into the hydride system (LiNH2+nMgH2), having molar ratios n=0.5 to 2.0, have been thoroughly studied. The milling energy is estimated by a semi-empirical method. The results show that for the molar ratios n<1.0 three new phases such as LiH, amorphous Mg(NH2)2 (a-Mg(NH2)2) and Li2Mg(NH)2 are formed during ball milling depending on the injected energy. For the molar ratios n≥1.0 the new phase of MgNH forms whose formation is accompanied by a profound release of hydrogen. Addition of 5 %wt. KH can improve desorption rate of the LiNH2+0.5 MgH2 system. Furthermore this hydride system can be nearly fully rehydrogenated at 200°C and 50 bar H2 pressure. LiAlH4 containing 5 wt.% of nanometric Fe and Ni shows a profound mechanical dehydrogenation by continuously desorbing hydrogen (H2) during ball milling. X-ray diffraction studies show that Fe and Ni ions dissolve in the lattice, replacing the Al ions and forming a substitutional solid solution. Both Fe and Ni decrease the activation energies of stage I and II , but stage I is more sensitive to the particle size . The addition of 5 wt.% nano-size “interstitial compound” (n-TiC, n-TiN and n-ZrC) shows a continuous desorption of H2 is observed during high energy milling. Mechanical dehydrogenation rate of the doped samples increases noticeably during high-energy ball milling in the order of TiN > TiC > ZrC. The interstitial compound additives are able to strongly reduce the activation energy of Stage II dehydrogenation but do not substantially affect the apparent activation energy of Stage I .
2

Nanostructured Light Metal Hydrides Based on Li, Al, Na, B and N for Solid State Hydrogen Storage

Parviz, Roozbeh 12 July 2013 (has links)
The present work reports a study of the effects of the compositions, and various catalytic additives and nanostructuring by high-energy ball milling, on the hydrogen storage properties of LiBH4, NaBH4, LiNH2 and LiAlH4 complex hydrides and their composites. The composites of (NaBH4+2Mg(OH)2) and (LiBH4+2Mg(OH)2) without and with nanometric nickel (n-Ni) added as a potential catalyst were synthesized by ball milling. The effect of the addition of 5 wt.% nanometric Ni on the dehydrogenation behavior of both the NaBH4-and LiBH4-based composites is rather negligible. In the (LiNH2+nMgH2) system, the phase transformations occurring as a function of the ball milling energy injected into the hydride system (LiNH2+nMgH2), having molar ratios n=0.5 to 2.0, have been thoroughly studied. The milling energy is estimated by a semi-empirical method. The results show that for the molar ratios n<1.0 three new phases such as LiH, amorphous Mg(NH2)2 (a-Mg(NH2)2) and Li2Mg(NH)2 are formed during ball milling depending on the injected energy. For the molar ratios n≥1.0 the new phase of MgNH forms whose formation is accompanied by a profound release of hydrogen. Addition of 5 %wt. KH can improve desorption rate of the LiNH2+0.5 MgH2 system. Furthermore this hydride system can be nearly fully rehydrogenated at 200°C and 50 bar H2 pressure. LiAlH4 containing 5 wt.% of nanometric Fe and Ni shows a profound mechanical dehydrogenation by continuously desorbing hydrogen (H2) during ball milling. X-ray diffraction studies show that Fe and Ni ions dissolve in the lattice, replacing the Al ions and forming a substitutional solid solution. Both Fe and Ni decrease the activation energies of stage I and II , but stage I is more sensitive to the particle size . The addition of 5 wt.% nano-size “interstitial compound” (n-TiC, n-TiN and n-ZrC) shows a continuous desorption of H2 is observed during high energy milling. Mechanical dehydrogenation rate of the doped samples increases noticeably during high-energy ball milling in the order of TiN > TiC > ZrC. The interstitial compound additives are able to strongly reduce the activation energy of Stage II dehydrogenation but do not substantially affect the apparent activation energy of Stage I .

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