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Point source compensation ??? a backpropagation method for underwater acoustic imaging

The backpropagation method of image reconstruction has been known for some time with the advantage of fast processing due to the use of Fast Fourier Transform. But its applicability to underwater imaging has been limited. At present the shift-and-add method is the more widely used method in underwater imaging. This is due to the fact that backpropagation has been derived for plane wave insonification, with the scattered waves detected in transmission-mode, or synthetic aperture set-up. One of the methods being used for underwater imaging is to use a point source for the insonification of the target and the scattered waves detected in reflection-mode by a receiver array. An advantage of this scanning method is only one transmission of the source is required to capture an image, instead of multiple transmissions. Therefore motion artifacts are kept to minimum. To be able to exploit the processing speed of the backpropagation method, it must be adapted for point source insonification. The coverage of this configuration in the literature has been scant, methods for spherical sources have been proposed for transmission mode and arbitrary surfaces in geophysical applications. These methods are complex and difficult to use. A novel point source compensation method is proposed in this thesis so that the backpropagation image formation method can be used for the point source insonification set-up. The method of investigation undertaken to derive this new backpropagation method was through theoretical analysis, numerical simulation and experimental verification. The effect of various compensation factors on the image quality was studied in simulation. In the experimental verification, practical issues relating to the application of the new method was addressed. The final proof of concept of our method was undertaken with our experimental verification. The quality of images formed with the point source compensation methods has also been compared with that with the shiftand- add method. Experimental and simulation results show that the point source compensated backpropagation algorithm can produce images of comparable quality with those formed with shift-and-add method for the set-up of wideband point-source insonification with detection in reflection-mode, with the advantage of faster image formation.
Date January 2003
CreatorsYee, Clifford Wing Wei, Physics, Faculty of Science, UNSW
PublisherAwarded by:University of New South Wales. School of Physics
Source SetsAustraliasian Digital Theses Program
Detected LanguageEnglish
RightsCopyright Clifford Wing Wei Yee,

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