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Surface reconstruction from three dimensional range data.

This thesis looks at the problem of reconstructing a single surface representation from multiple range images acquired from a terrestrial laser scanner. A solution to this problem is important to industries such as mining, where accurate spatial measurement is required for mapping and volumetric calculations. Laser scanners for 3D measurement are now commercially available and software for deriving useful information from the data these devices generate is essential. A reconstruction technique based on an implicit surface representation of the range images and a polygonisation algorithm called marching triangles has been implemented in software and its performance investigated. This work improves upon the existing techniques in that it takes into account the particular differences of terrestrial range data as compared with data from small scale laser scanners. The implementation is robust with respect to noisy data and environments and requires minimal user input. A new approach to 3D spatial indexing is also developed to allow rapid evaluation of the true closest point to a surface which is the basis of the signed distance function implicit surface representation. A new technique for locating step discontinuities in the range image is presented, which caters for the varying sampling densities of terrestrial range images. The algorithm is demonstrated using representative range images acquired for surface erosion monitoring and for underground mine surveying. The results indicate that this reconstruction technique represents an improvement over current techniques for this type of range data. / / Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Adelaide, School of Computer Science, 2005
Date January 2005
CreatorsMyers, Andrew
Source SetsAustraliasian Digital Theses Program
Detected LanguageEnglish

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