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Bonus reinforcement in a sheltered workshop : using a multiple baseline technique

This thesis explored an applied behavioral analysis of bonus reinforcement in the Henry County Retarded Children’s Association Sheltered Workshop at New Castle, Indiana, using a multiple baseline technique. This technique has particular value when the behavior studied appears irreversible or when reversing is undesirable. Using this technique a number of responses are identified and measured over time, allowing changes to be evaluated.The techniques making up a particular behavioral application must be completely described and identified. Procedural descriptions require considerable detail about all possible contingencies in the experiment. The theoretical importance of a value is not sought after, but rather specifically its power in altering behavior enough to be socially important.A behavioral change may have generality if it proves durable over a period of time, if it appears in a wide variety of different environments, or if it spreads to a wide variety of related behaviors. If it is effective in changing behavior in one setting it may easily be repeated in other settings and thus accomplish generalization.The present study proposed that if a S receives reinforcement in one work situation that the behavior generated will carry over into other work and social situations by generalization.It was concluded from the study using the multiple baseline design that the bonus treatment was effective in increasing production overall and that generalization did occur.

Identiferoai:union.ndltd.org:BSU/oai:cardinalscholar.bsu.edu:handle/180854
Date January 1974
CreatorsO'Brien, Robert A., 1930-
ContributorsGoldstone, Gerald
Source SetsBall State University
Detected LanguageEnglish
Format37 leaves ; 28 cm.
SourceVirtual Press

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