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Total synthesis of oxygenated lavendamycin analogs

The synthesis of 7-acetyl-11'-benzyloxylavendamycin methyl ester (47), 7acetyl-11'-hydroxylavendamycin methyl ester (48), 11'-hydroxylavendamycin methyl ester (49), 11'-benzyloxylavendamycin methyl ester (50), are described. Pictet-Spengler condensation of 7-N-acetyl-2-formylquinoline-5,8-dione (26) with 5-benzyloxytrytophan methyl ester (45) or 5-hydroxytryptophan methyl ester (46) in dry xylene or anisole directly afforded lavendamycin analogs 47 or 48. Compound 49 was obtained by hydrolysis of 48 with 70% H2SO4 - H2Osolution. Compound 50 was obtained by hydrolysis of 47 with sodium carbonate solution.Aldehyde 26 was prepared according to the following general procedure. Nitration of 8-hydroxy-2-methylquinoline (28) yielded 8-hydroxy-2-methyl5,7-dinitroquinoline (29). Compound 29 was then hydrogenated and acylated with acetic anhydride to yield 5,7-bis(diacetamido)-8-hydroxy-2methylquinoline (31). Compound 31 was oxidized to give 5,8- dione 25 by using potassium dichromate. Treatment of compound 25 with selenium dioxide in refluxing 1,4-dioxane yielded compound 26.3 (Isopropylaminoethylidene)-6,7-dimethoxyindole (39) was prepared via the following procedure. Acylation of vanillin (32) with acetic anhydride yielded acetylvanillin (33). Compound 33 was nitrated and hydrolyzed to give 2nitrovanillin (35). Compound 35 was then methylated using dimethyl sulfate to produce 2-nitroveratric aldehyde (36). Condensation of compound 36 with nitromethane yielded 3,4-dimethoxy-2-f3-nitrostyrene (37). Ammonium formate reductive cyclization of compound 37 in refluxing methanol in the presence of a catalytic amount of 10% palladium on charcoal yielded 6,7dimethoxyindole (38). Electrophilic substitution reaction of compound 38 with ethylideneisopropylamine (41) in dry toluene yielded compound 39.Methyl (2RS, 3SR)-2-amino-3-[3-(5-benzyloxyindolyl)]butanoate (45) and methyl (2RS, 3SR)-2-amino-3-[3-(5-hydroxyindolyl)]butanoate (46) were obtained following the procedure described below. Electrophilic substitutionreaction of 5-bezyloxyindole (40) with ethylideneisopropylamine (41) in dry toluene yielded 3-(isopropylaminoethylidene)-5-benzyloxyindole (42). Condensation of compound 42 with methyl nitroacetate (43) in dry toluene gave methyl 3-[3-(5-benzyloxyindolyl)]3-nitrobutanoate (44). Hydrogenation of compound 44 in the presence of Raney nickel and trifluoroacetic acid in ethanol yielded methyl (2RS, 3SR)-2-amino-3-[3-(5-benzyloxyindolyl)] butanoate (45). Hydrogenation of compound 44 in the presence of 10% palladium on charcoal and trifluoroacetic acid in ethanol yielded methyl (2RS, 3SR)-2-amino-3-[3-(5-hydroxyindolyl)] butanoate (46).The structures of the novel compounds were confirmed by 1H NMR, IR, and HRMS or elemental analysis. / Department of Chemistry
Date January 1998
CreatorsKarki, Rajesh
ContributorsBehforouz, Mohammad
Source SetsBall State University
Detected LanguageEnglish
Formatxiii, 94 leaves : ill. ; 28 cm.
SourceVirtual Press

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