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Apego m??e-beb?? no sistema prisional

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Previous issue date: 2017-06-23 / The doctoral thesis aimed at presenting the development of the mother-baby
attachment in prison anchored on the care provided by mothers, intertwined by their history
and the impact of the closer social relations, namely: other women inmates, visitors and
prison officers. Despite the growing increase in the Brazilian female prison population, there
is little research interested in the relation to the Mother-Baby Attachment within the Prison
System. Bolwby's theory of attachment was used as the theoretical foundation. To understand
the field of study, the realated literature was reviewed on: development and attachment of
young children; Mother-baby attachment in prison; and interventional proposals related to the
development of mother-child attachment. Four women imprisoned in the Federal Disctrict
(DF) Women's Penitentiary were followed up for a little more than a year, from their
pregnancy to the subsequent delivery of the babies from the prison environment. The
following were applied: Adult Attachment Scale-R (AAS-R); Maternal-Fetal Attachment
Scale (MFAS); Factorial scale of neuroticism (EFN); Perceived Maternal Parenting Self-
Efficacy (PMP SE); Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS). Five semi-structured
interviews were carried out and a systematic checklist of baby development (Checklist) was
used, as well as the reading of court records and the field diary. The results showed that the
practice of child-care is anchored on rules passed down family generations, but in the Prison
System they have impacts: both positive when their rules cover in a certain way matters
related to mothering (orientations received) and the withdrawal of social vulnerability; As
well as negative in what affects the way in which the mother's monitoring of her baby is
exercised, which generates anxiety, insecurity and consequently the possibility of the
development of insecure attachment in the baby. It is proposed to know and ponder the
various interventions and results found in the area of maternal attachment and consequent
development of the child to implement interventions in the prison system. In addition to
making changes in the way to structure activities for women who live with their babies in jail
with a view to enabling them to stay with their babies in the longer term which may favor safe
attachment. / A tese teve por objetivo apresentar o desenvolvimento do apego m??e-beb?? no c??rcere,
a partir dos cuidados prestados por elas, entrela??ados por suas hist??rias e as intera????es sociais
de outras mulheres presas, visitantes e os (as) agentes carcer??rios (as). Apesar do crescente
aumento da popula????o carcer??ria feminina brasileira, existem poucas pesquisas que se
interessam pela rela????o de Apego M??e-Beb?? dentro do Sistema Prisional. Utilizou-se como
fundamenta????o a teoria do apego de Bolwby. Para compreens??o do campo de estudo, fez-se
revis??o da literatura sobre desenvolvimento e apego de crian??as pequenas e apego m??e-beb??
na pris??o. Participaram quatro di??des de m??es-beb??s custodiadas na Penitenci??ria Feminina
do DF, desde a gravidez at?? posterior sa??da do beb?? do ambiente prisional durante 12 meses.
Foram aplicadas: Escala de Vincula????o do Adulto (EVA); Escala de Apego Materno Fetal
(MFAS); Escala Fatorial de Neuroticismo (EFN); Avalia????o da Autoefic??cia Materna
Percebida (PMP S-E); Escala de Depress??o P??s-Parto de Edimburgo (EPDS). Foram
realizadas cinco entrevistas semiestruturadas, e utilizado um roteiro de observa????o sistem??tica
do desenvolvimento do beb?? (Checklist), bem como a leitura dos prontu??rios judiciais e o
di??rio de campo. Os resultados mostraram que o exerc??cio de cuidados est?? ancorado nas
regras passadas atrav??s das gera????es familiares, mas que no Sistema Prisional essas pr??ticas
possuem impactos: tanto positivo, quando suas regras amparam de certo modo quest??es
ligadas ?? maternagem (orienta????es recebidas); quanto negativo, no que impacta na forma
como ?? exercida a monitoria da m??e para com seu beb??, o que gera ansiedade, inseguran??a e
consequentemente a possibilidade do desenvolvimento do apego inseguro no beb??. Sugere-se
mudan??as na forma de estruturar atividades para mulheres que convivem com seu beb?? no
c??rcere, com vistas a possibilitar que ela possa cuidar melhor do beb?? para favorecer o apego
seguro e desenvolvimento afetivo, cognitivo e social da crian??a.

Identiferoai:union.ndltd.org:IBICT/oai:bdtd.ucb.br:tede/2316
Date23 June 2017
CreatorsOliveira, Lesly Guimar??es Vicenzi de
ContributorsBucher-Maluschke, Julia S. N. F., Pedroso, Janari da Silva
PublisherUniversidade Cat??lica de Bras??lia, Programa Strictu Sensu em Psicologia, UCB, Brasil, Escola de Sa??de e Medicina
Source SetsIBICT Brazilian ETDs
LanguagePortuguese
Detected LanguageEnglish
Typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion, info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis
Formatapplication/pdf
Sourcereponame:Biblioteca Digital de Teses e Dissertações da UCB, instname:Universidade Católica de Brasília, instacron:UCB
Rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

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