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Os desafios do trabalho na vida cotidiana de mulheres transexuais / The challenges of work in the daily life of transsexual women

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Previous issue date: 2012-12-14 / This study aimed at comprehending how transsexual women are being included in the formal and informal labor market, attempting to identify the main challenges and impacts of the labor activity on their daily lives. Based on the Social Psychology perspective, it was sought to avoid the pathologizing and prejudiced view which is predominant in the "transsexuality" theme, while the theme "work" was approached as a main element on the subject constitution,
but full of contradictions. The theme-field methodology was adopted, as it allows approaching the topic in the different areas which it manifests. For that, initially, an approximation with the theme was made based on scientific
literature, fiction and also reports. Then, it was sought a direct contact with transsexual people, the participation in groups which discuss the topic and the conversation via internet. Thirteen contacts whose professional experiences
were considered more significant for a deeper analysis were selected. It was noticed that, besides the difficulties regarding the acceptance of their relatives, most part of the female transsexuals are usually victim of discrimination since the earlier years of formal education. Furthermore, the exclusion on the educational context is closely related to the difficulties in entering the labor
market In order to understand the transsexual's professional experience. Three specifics work contexts were chosen for discussing: telemarketing, beauty parlor and prostitution. These contexts were cited several times along the research and were considered patterns for the analysis of the different aspects which involves everyday negotiations the transsexuals need to perform with the
social norms. It was verified that the transsexuals are not passive victims of the prejudices. To deal with it, they seek on their daily life a constant approximation with norms that allow a greater social inclusion, including in the work field. At the teleservice sector, it was noticed that for the transsexuals, a formal employment have a great importance and to maintain that, they are willing to
conform to the severe rules and precariousness of this area. In addition, they find more easiness to work in the beauty area, identifying themselves with the activity and reporting greater satisfaction and social recognition. On the other hand, the transsexuals that work with prostitution see this occupation as something transitional and necessary for their survival, living a daily life of
vulnerability and exposing the desire of having a more socially valued profession. The study is concluded with a reflection about the role which the psychology, as a science and profession, has been performing in regards to the theme approached and also about the possible contributions it can offer for the social awareness and fight prejudice against transsexual people. / Este estudo buscou compreender como se d? a inser??o de mulheres transexuais no mercado de trabalho formal e informal, procurando identificar os principais desafios enfrentados e os impactos da atividade laboral sobre a vida
cotidiana dessas pessoas. Utilizando o enfoque da Psicologia Social, buscouse fugir da vis?o patologizante e preconceituosa que ? predominante diante do tema transexualidade , enquanto o tema trabalho foi abordado como um elemento fundamental na constitui??o do sujeito, por?m repleto de contradi??es. Adotou-se como metodologia a proposi??o de Campo-tema , que permite acessar o assunto nos mais diversos espa?os que ele se manifeste. Para isso, inicialmente, foi realizada uma aproxima??o com o tema a partir da literatura cient?fica, de obras de fic??o e reportagens. Depois, buscouse a rela??o direta com pessoas transexuais, a participa??o em grupos que
discutem o assunto e contatos via internet. Desses contatos foram selecionadas treze, cujos relatos das viv?ncias profissionais foram considerados significativos para uma an?lise mais aprofundada. Foi poss?vel observar que a maioria das transexuais femininas, al?m das dificuldades de aceita??o por parte dos familiares, costuma ser v?tima de discrimina??es desde os primeiros anos da educa??o formal e que a exclus?o no contexto escolar est? intimamente relacionada ?s dificuldades para o ingresso no mercado de trabalho. Para a compreens?o da experi?ncia profissional optou-se por discutir
a viv?ncia cotidiana de transexuais em tr?s contextos espec?ficos de trabalho: teleatendimento, sal?es de belezas e prostitui??o. Al?m de terem sido bastante citados ao longo da pesquisa, considerou-se que s?o exemplares para a an?lise dos diferentes aspectos que envolvem as constantes negocia??es cotidianas que as transexuais precisam realizar com as normas sociais. Verificou-se que as transexuais n?o s?o v?timas passivas dos preconceitos. Para lidar com eles buscam em seu cotidiano uma constante aproxima??o com
as normas que permitem maior inser??o social, inclusive no campo do trabalho. No setor de teleatendimento, percebeu-se que as transexuais valorizam muito o v?nculo empregat?cio formal e, para manter-se empregadas, est?o dispostas a se submeter ? precariza??o e ?s severas regras que envolvem a ?rea. Encontram maior facilidade para trabalharem na ?rea da beleza, identificandose com a atividade e relatando maior satisfa??o e reconhecimento social. J? as profissionais do sexo encaram a ocupa??o como algo transit?rio e necess?rio
para a sua sobreviv?ncia, vivendo um cotidiano de vulnerabilidade e expondo o desejo de ter uma profiss?o mais valorizada socialmente. Finaliza-se com uma reflex?o sobre o papel que a psicologia, enquanto ci?ncia e profiss?o, vem desempenhando com rela??o ao tema estudado e sobre as poss?veis contribui??es que pode oferecer para conscientiza??o social e o combate ao preconceito contra as pessoas transexuais.

Identiferoai:union.ndltd.org:IBICT/oai:tede.bibliotecadigital.puc-campinas.edu.br:tede/302
Date14 December 2012
CreatorsSouza, Heloisa Aparecida de
ContributorsBernardo, M?rcia Hespanhol, Brand?o, Silvana Cardoso, Prado, Marco Aur?lio M?ximo
PublisherPontif?cia Universidade Cat?lica de Campinas, Programa de P?s-Gradua??o em Psicologia, PUC-Campinas, BR, CCV ? Centro de Ci?ncias da Vida
Source SetsIBICT Brazilian ETDs
LanguagePortuguese
Detected LanguageEnglish
Typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion, info:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesis
Formatapplication/pdf
Sourcereponame:Biblioteca Digital de Teses e Dissertações da PUC_CAMPINAS, instname:Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas, instacron:PUC_CAMP
Rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

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