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A Cell-Based Model to Study Factors that Drive Diffuse Astrocytoma Development

Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI) / Secondary gliomas are an incurable form of brain cancer that are diagnosed in people at a median age of 45 years. Next-generation sequencing has found that secondary glioblastomas have a distinct genetic profile from the more common primary glioblastomas, which are diagnosed in people typically over the age of 60. Over 80% of secondary gliomas contain an IDH1R132H mutation, resulting in neomorphic mutations, which catalyze isocitrate to the oncometabolite D-2-hydroxyglutarate (2-HG) instead of alpha-ketoglutarate (α-KG). As 2-HG accumulates, it induces a hypermethylator phenotype that prevents the cells from differentiating. Acquisition of additional mutations in tumor suppressors such as p53 and/or ATRX likely leads to tumor initiation. Work in the Wells Laboratory has found that loss of the HIPPO adaptor protein AmotL1 is also associated with increased malignancy. AmotL1 inhibits the transcriptional co-activator YAP to suppress both cell growth and migration. To understand the molecular events leading to secondary glioma development, this thesis developed a series of astrocyte cell lines that carry IDH1 and/or p53 mutations. These lines were then studied in 2D and 3D cell culture systems to identify changes that are associated with early secondary glial tumors. Work was also carried out to enable screens for small molecules that can be tested on these cell lines.
Date08 1900
CreatorsFolck, Anthony F.
ContributorsWells, Clark D., Goebl, Mark G., Quilliam, Lawrence A.
Source SetsIndiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis
Detected LanguageEnglish
RightsCC0 1.0 Universal,

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