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Cellular signalling pathways involved in thermoprotection of neural ciruit function in the locust.

Environmental temperature is arguably one of the most important abiotic physical factors
affecting insect behaviour. Temperature affects virtually all physiological processes
including those that regulate nervous system function. It is therefore not surprising that
animals have evolved adaptations that confer tolerance to heat stress and allow for
continued behaviour as ambient temperature fluctuates. Most animals have central
nervous system (CNS) responses to heat shock (HS) preconditioning which extend the
thermal operating range of neural circuits during exposure to extreme heat. It is unclear how HS preconditioning confers CNS thermotolerance. I used the migratory locust
(Locusta migratoria), an animal that inhabits environments that can have large
fluctuations in ambient temperature daily, to examine how neuronal circuits cope with
temperatures stress. Using the ventilatory central pattern generator (vCPG) as a model
circuit I was able to address how the CNS switches on adaptations which provide
protection against heat stress. vCPG thermotolerance was manifested as an increase in the thermal operating range and a decrease in the length of time required to recover vCPG activity when temperature stress was removed. I investigated the octopaminergic (OA/cAMP/PKA) and nitrergic (NO/cGMP/PKG) signalling pathways and tested their involvement in conferring thermotolerance to the vCPG during heat stress. I found that long applications of octopamine, or increased adenylate cyclase activity generated vCPG thermotolerance and was dependent upon transcription and translation. In addition I found that HS-treated locust had significantly reduced nitric oxide (NO) production during heat stress, and when I pharmacologically reduced PKG activity vCPG thermotolerance was generated. However, unlike octopamine treatment thermotolerance could be observed within minutes following PKG inhibition. Thus I conclude that the octopaminergic and nitrergic pathways coordinate long- and short-term protective modulation of the locust CNS. / Thesis (Ph.D, Biology) -- Queen's University, 2009-08-27 16:11:09.581

Identiferoai:union.ndltd.org:LACETR/oai:collectionscanada.gc.ca:OKQ.1974/5102
Date27 August 2009
CreatorsArmstrong, GARY
ContributorsQueen's University (Kingston, Ont.). Theses (Queen's University (Kingston, Ont.))
Source SetsLibrary and Archives Canada ETDs Repository / Centre d'archives des thèses électroniques de Bibliothèque et Archives Canada
LanguageEnglish, English
Detected LanguageEnglish
TypeThesis
Format4678706 bytes, application/pdf
RightsThis publication is made available by the authority of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private study and research and may not be copied or reproduced except as permitted by the copyright laws without written authority from the copyright owner.
RelationCanadian theses

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