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Strongly coupled Bayesian models for interacting object and scene classification processes

In this thesis, we present a strongly coupled data fusion architecture within a Bayesian framework for modeling the bi-directional influences between the scene and object classification mechanisms. A number of psychophysical studies provide experimental evidence that the object and the scene perception mechanisms are not functionally separate in the human visual system. Object recognition facilitates the recognition of the scene background and also knowledge of the scene context facilitates the recognition of the individual objects in the scene. The evidence indicating a bi-directional exchange between the two processes has motivated us to build a computational model where object and scene classification proceed in an interdependent manner, while no hierarchical relationship is imposed between the two processes. We propose a strongly coupled data fusion model for implementing the feedback relationship between the scene and object classification processes. We present novel schemes for modifying the Bayesian solutions for the scene and object classification tasks which allow data fusion between the two modules based on the constraining of the priors or the likelihoods. We have implemented and tested the two proposed models using a database of natural images created for this purpose. The Receiver Operator Curves (ROC) depicting the scene classification performance of the likelihood coupling and the prior coupling models show that scene classification performance improves significantly in both models as a result of the strong coupling of the scene and object modules. / ROC curves depicting the scene classification performance of the two models also show that the likelihood coupling model achieves a higher detection rate compared to the prior coupling model. We have also computed the average rise times of the models' outputs as a measure of comparing the speed of the two models. The results show that the likelihood coupling model outputs have a shorter rise time. Based on these experimental findings one can conclude that imposing constraints on the likelihood models provides better solutions to the scene classification problems compared to imposing constraints on the prior models. / We have also proposed an attentional feature modulation scheme, which consists of tuning the input image responses to the bank of Gabor filters based on the scene class probabilities estimated by the model and the energy profiles of the Gabor filters for different scene categories. Experimental results based on combining the attentional feature tuning scheme with the likelihood coupling and the prior coupling methods show a significant improvement in the scene classification performances of both models.

Identiferoai:union.ndltd.org:LACETR/oai:collectionscanada.gc.ca:QMM.102975
Date January 2007
CreatorsEhtiati, Tina.
PublisherMcGill University
Source SetsLibrary and Archives Canada ETDs Repository / Centre d'archives des thèses électroniques de Bibliothèque et Archives Canada
LanguageEnglish
Detected LanguageEnglish
TypeElectronic Thesis or Dissertation
Formatapplication/pdf
CoverageDoctor of Philosophy (Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering.)
Rights© Tina Ehtiati, 2007
Relationalephsysno: 002595399, proquestno: AAINR32177, Theses scanned by UMI/ProQuest.

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