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Incentive motivation and approach-avoidance tendencies.

Mowrer's (1947) and Spence's (1956) suggestion that classical conditioning may play a significant role in the acquisition and performance of instrumental responses has fostered two broad lines of research. One of these bas been concerned with the role of classcally conditioned responses in instrumental behavior (Wynne & Solomon, 1955; Solomon & Turner, 1962; Miller & DeBold, 1965; Williams, 1965) and bas produced mainly negative results. The proposition that the occurrence of certain classically conditioned responses (e.g., autonomic "anxiety" reactions, anticipatory goal responses, or rg) is an essential step in instrumental responding seems no longer tenable. The second line of research has examined the role of classically conditioned stimuli in instrumental behavior and is based on the assumption that in the course of instrumental training, certain stimuli, apart from whatever cue function they might serve in the control of the instrumental response, serve a motivational function by being classically paired with the reinforcement. [...]
Date January 1966
CreatorsRice, Robert W.
ContributorsBindra, D. (Supervisor)
PublisherMcGill University
Source SetsLibrary and Archives Canada ETDs Repository / Centre d'archives des thèses électroniques de Bibliothèque et Archives Canada
Detected LanguageEnglish
TypeElectronic Thesis or Dissertation
CoverageMaster of Arts (Department of Psychology)
RightsAll items in eScholarship@McGill are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
Relationalephsysno: 000749088, proquestno: AAIMK00847, Theses scanned by UMI/ProQuest.

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