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Experimental and theoretical investigations of charged phospholipid bilayers

Lipid systems containing charged species are examined by both experiment and theory. Experimental studies of the mixing of phosphatidylcholine or phosphatidylethanolamine with phosphatidic acid show that calcium induces fast ($ leq$1s) phase separation of these otherwise miscible systems, and that this can occur in an isolated bilayer. Ionogenic behaviour is theoretically investigated using a new electrolyte model which explicitly includes both the solvent and particle sizes, and a binding model which uses Guggenheim combinatorics to treat non 1-1 binding stoichiometries. This work predicts a reduced dielectric constant near charged surfaces and strong repulsive forces between closely spaced ($<$15A) surfaces. A reanalysis of data from charged monolayers experiments indicates (1) that the new electrolyte model describes double layer behaviour at high surface charge densities better than the traditional Derjaguin - Landau - Verwey - Overbeek (DLVO) theory, (2) that calcium and magnesium bind to phosphatidylserine monolayers with a 1-1 stoichiometry.

Identiferoai:union.ndltd.org:LACETR/oai:collectionscanada.gc.ca:QMM.75664
Date January 1987
CreatorsGraham, Ian Stanley.
PublisherMcGill University
Source SetsLibrary and Archives Canada ETDs Repository / Centre d'archives des thèses électroniques de Bibliothèque et Archives Canada
LanguageEnglish
Detected LanguageEnglish
TypeElectronic Thesis or Dissertation
Formatapplication/pdf
CoverageDoctor of Philosophy (Department of Physics.)
RightsAll items in eScholarship@McGill are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
Relationalephsysno: 000550044, proquestno: AAINL44484, Theses scanned by UMI/ProQuest.

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