Return to search
## A numerical study of finite element calculations for incompressible materials under applied boundary displacements

In this thesis, numerical experiments are performed to test the numerical stability of the finite element method for analyzing incompressible materials from boundary displacements. The significance of the study relies on the fact that incompressibility, or density preservation during deformation, is an important property of materials such as rubber and soft tissue.<p>It is well known that the finite element analysis (FEA) of incompressible materials is less straightforward than for materials which are compressible. The FEA of incompressible materials using the usual displacement based finite element method results in an unstable solution for the stress field. Hence, a different formulation called the mixed u-p formulation (u displacement, p pressure) is used for the analysis. The u-p formulation results in a stable solution but only when the forces and/or stress tractions acting on the structure are known. There are, however, certain situations in the real world where the forces or stress tractions acting on the structure are unknown, but the deformation (i.e. displacements) due to the forces can be measured. One example is the stress analysis of soft tissues. High resolution images of initial and deformed states of a tissue can be used to obtain the displacements along the boundary. In such cases, the only inputs to the finite element method are the structural geometry, material properties, and boundary displacements. When finite element analysis of incompressible materials with displacement boundary conditions is performed, even the mixed u-p formulation results in highly unstable calculations of the stress field. Here, a hypothesis for solving this problem is developed and tested. Theories of linear and nonlinear stress analysis are reviewed to demonstrate that it may be possible to determine the von Mises stress uniquely in spite of the numerical instability inherent in the calculations.<p>To validate this concept, four different numerical examples representing different deformation processes are considered using ANSYS®: a plate in simple shear; expansion of a thick-walled cylinder; a plate in uniform strain; and Cooks membrane. Numerical results show that, unlike the normal stress components Sx, Sy, and Sz, the calculated values of the von Mises stress are reasonably accurate if measurement errors in the displacement data are small. As the measurement error increases, the error in the von Mises stress increases approximately linearly for linear problems, but can become unacceptably large in nonlinear cases, to the point where solution process encounter fatal errors. A quasi-Dirichlet patch test in association with this problem is also introduced.

Identifer | oai:union.ndltd.org:LACETR/oai:collectionscanada.gc.ca:SSU.etd-08202006-011026 |

Date | 23 August 2006 |

Creators | Nagarkal Venkatakrishnaiah, Vinay Kumar |

Contributors | Zhang, W. J. (Chris), Fotouhi, Reza, Dolovich, Allan T., Bugg, James D. |

Publisher | University of Saskatchewan |

Source Sets | Library and Archives Canada ETDs Repository / Centre d'archives des thèses électroniques de Bibliothèque et Archives Canada |

Language | English |

Detected Language | English |

Type | text |

Format | application/pdf |

Source | http://library.usask.ca/theses/available/etd-08202006-011026/ |

Rights | unrestricted, I hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to University of Saskatchewan or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report. |

Page generated in 0.0025 seconds