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Sandstone uranium deposits of Nebraska and Colorado: a comparative study

Sandstone-type uranium deposits are among the most economic sources of uranium. Despite their significance, the tabular deposits on the Colorado Plateau and roll-front deposits in Nebraska have not been studied adequately. There are important differences between the tabular Colorado Plateau and Nebraska roll-front deposits, including their ore mineralogy, distribution and habit of ore-bodies, alteration, and mechanisms of ore deposition. The U-Pb ages of uranium minerals from the Colorado deposits indicate four stages of mineralization, spanning from the early Oligocene to late Pliocene. Uranium and V minerals include coffinite, montroseite and carnotite and are associated with both biogenic and non-biogenically precipitated sulphides. Two generations of coffinite mineralization from the Three Crow roll-front deposit in Nebraska were identified. This mineralization precipitated during the early Pliocene and late Miocene. The U-Th activity ratios of U minerals suggest a net accumulation of uranium within the limbs of the roll-front. Evolving oxidation fronts are implied by multiple sulphide generations as indicated by their delta 34S compositions.
Date26 June 2014
CreatorsMeek, Angela
ContributorsFayek, Mostafa (Geological Sciences), Chakhmouradian, Anton (Geological Sciences) Kotzer, Tom (Cameco)
Source SetsUniversity of Manitoba Canada
Detected LanguageEnglish

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