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labor mobility and economic development in China

Like the other developing countries, there was an obvious dual structural economy in the process of economic transition in PRC. There were a lot of rural surplus labor forces in the agricultural sector, and massive underemployments in the industrial sector resulted from imbalanced development policies of Chinese Communist Party (CCP) central-planning economic system. Moreover, the formation of dual structure in PRC was partly in response to differences of natural environment. The most important is that it was caused deeply political and social institutions of Chinese characteristics. With economic reform all the more, large urban-rural gap brought about rural labor mobility from rural to rural, or mobility from underdeveloped interior region to developed coastal region. In the process of mobility, social networks play key role, which provided non-native labors some employment opportunities, information and some places to stay. But the kinds of networks were strengthened by discriminations of local residents¡¦ collective exclusiveness, which resulted in rural-urban dual structure divided into two sub-structures further. People of two sub-structures exclude each other for self-benefits on the one hand, and there would be mutual actions and competitions mutually on the other hand.
Labor allocation was the most easily influenced by polity, society and economy of a nation. Therefore, in the meanwhile labor mobility emerged in the geographical space or economic structure, and there would be implications of economic transitions. When we explore the differences of economic development through expression of labor mobility that was helpful to probe into institutional changes of China and to explain differences of economic development and structure between regions. Consequently, this paper makes labor mobility to be a kind of indicators to examine economic development, which would be useful for us to find diversities of innate characters of economic development between provinces of China.
Date10 February 2003
CreatorsPeng, Shau-hung
ContributorsTeh-chang Lin, Chin - Peng CHU, Kuang-tai Hsu
Source SetsNSYSU Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Archive
Detected LanguageEnglish
Rightsunrestricted, Copyright information available at source archive

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