Academic literature is limited on how to coordinate the compliance and operational risk functions in organisations. The functional overlap between these two functions in financial institutions, such as banks, may result in oversight gaps or unintentional duplication. This paper describes a study on the overlap between these two functions in the second line of risk and control defence. A number of documents were analysed including relevant Basel Committee documents; South African banking legislation and regulations; integrated annual results, risk and capital reports of the four largest South African (the Big Four) banks; as well as internal operational risk and compliance documents of one of the Big Four banks. Based on this study, regulatory and practice based guidelines are proposed, which may be used to improve the efficiency of the compliance and operational risk functions in banks.
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