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Bioactive secondary metabolites from marine algae and study of oxidized anandamide derivatives

My investigations of the natural products of marine algae have resulted in
the discovery of several new secondary metabolites. Bioassay-guided
fractionation led to the isolation of these new compounds and spectroscopic
analysis was utilized in their structural characterization.
Two new and potent antimitotic metabolites, curacins B and C, were
isolated from a Curacao collection of Lyngbya majuscula. In addition, four
curacin A analogs were prepared by semisynthetic methods. The structures of
the new curacins and the curacin A analogs were determined by spectroscopic
analysis in comparison with curacin A. The biological properties of the new
natural products and synthetic derivatives of curacin A were examined.
Investigations of another Curacao collection of L. majuscula revealed a
new cytotoxic lipopeptide, microcolin C. Microcolin C was found to have an
interesting profile of cytotoxicity to human cancer-derived cell lines.
A new metabolite, vidalenolone, was isolated from an Indonesian red
alga Vidalia sp. The structure of this new cyclopentenolone-containing
compound was determined by a combination of spectroscopic methods.
Filamentous cells isolated from female gametophytes of the brown alga
Laminaria saccharina were cultured in flasks or bioreactors. These cultures
produced a variety of w6-lipoxygenase metabolites: 13-hydroxy-9,11-octadecadienoic acid (13-HODE), 13-hydroxy-6,9,11,15-octadecatetraenoic acid (13-HODTA), and 15-hydroxy-5,8,11,13-eicosatetraenoic acid (15-HETE).
Five oxidized anandamide derivatives were prepared from anandamide through autoxidation in an exploration of ligand binding to the cannabinoid receptor. Their structures were determined by a combination of NMR spectroscopy and GC-MS. The cannabinoid receptor binding affinity of these derivatives was evaluated. This study revealed the following trend in activity: anandamide > 15- > 9- > 8- > 11- > 5-hydroxyanandamide. / Graduation date: 1998

Identiferoai:union.ndltd.org:ORGSU/oai:ir.library.oregonstate.edu:1957/33639
Date13 October 1997
CreatorsYoo, Hye-Dong
ContributorsGerwick, William H.
Source SetsOregon State University
Languageen_US
Detected LanguageEnglish
TypeThesis/Dissertation

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