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Kinetic and kinematic analysis of Thai boxing roundhouse kicks

The purpose of this study was to determine kinetic and kinematic
characteristics of Thai Boxing Roundhouse Kicks. In order to measure the kinetic
variables of peak force and impulse, a triaxial accelerometer was inserted into a
kicking bag. The force data were derived from the known mass and measured
acceleration of the kicking bag. Validation testing comparing applied forces to
estimated forces based on accelerometers output showed this instrument provided
accurate estimates of the force applied to the kicking bag (r=.99). The
MacReflex motion analysis system was utilized with three cameras operating at
120 frames per second to obtain the kinematic characteristics of final linear
velocity of the kicking ankle, linear velocity of the kicking ankle and knee, angular
velocity of the knee, and the angular velocity of the shank and thigh projected
onto the horizontal plane.
The subjects were ten male Thai Boxing performers with 8 to 48 months
of training experience. The kicking trials were conducted at three height levels.
It was hypothesized that the peak force, impulse, and the final linear velocity of
the kicking ankle at impact would be greater for the lower level of kicks as
compared to the higher level of kicks. It was also hypothesized that peak force
and impulse would be positively related the subjects' leg strength. For the
relationship between kinetic variables and kinematic variables it was hypothesized
that peak force and impulse would be positively related to the final linear velocity
of the kicking ankle.
In comparing the roundhouse kick at different height levels the middle
level kick generated the greatest peak force and impulse, while the high level kick
involved the least force and impulse. The amount of peak force and impulse were
directly related to the final velocity of the ankle (r=.86, and r=.79 respectively),
but they were not significantly related to the leg strength. This study found that
the Thai Boxing roundhouse kick can easily generate enough force to cause
neurological impairment, skull fractures, facial bone fractures, and rib fractures.
These results suggest that there is a greater need for regulations protecting the
competitors in Thai Boxing. / Graduation date: 1997
Date20 June 1996
CreatorsSidthilaw, Suwat
ContributorsSmith, Gerald A.
Source SetsOregon State University
Detected LanguageEnglish

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