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A study of the Kingore Observation Inventory as a screening procedure for the identification of highly able second graders

The purpose of this study was to determine if the inferences derived from
the Kingore Observation Inventory as a screening device are sufficiently valid for
the identification of potentially gifted youngsters. Differences in predicting the
WISC-III Full Scale IQ scores and/or percentile ranks using the KOI were
The value of screening procedures to identify potentially gifted youngsters
is essential for accurate identification of gifted young students. The Kingore
Observation Inventory is a screening procedure administered by educators within
the classroom environment over a six-week period that furnishes a percentile
rank of overall intellectual functioning. The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for
Children-Third Edition is a comprehensive assessment instrument of cognitive
abilities that yields a standard score with a mean of 100 and standard deviation
of 15. The WISC-III is time consuming and is an expensive assessment
instrument in terms of professional resources required for administration and
interpretation. A less costly and more easily administered instrument that will
effectively predict the intellectual functioning of youngsters would be an
invaluable tool.
As part of a comprehensive assessment procedure to identify young gifted
children within a school district in Oregon the KOI was administered to all primary
students. A stratified sample that consisted of 89 second grade children
previously assessed with the KOI in the first grade were administered the WISC-III.
These children varied in age from 6.5 to 8.7 years. The sample included of
42 females and 47 males, of whom 6 were Asian, 1 was Black, 2 were Hispanic,
and 80 were Caucasian/Not Hispanic. A correlational analysis, logistic
regression analysis, discriminant analysis, and t-tests for paired differences were
performed using SAS programs (SAS Institute Inc., 1990), version 6.07.
Evidence was shown for the effects of Age on KOI Percentile scores for
the target population. The study findings provide clear evidence that the KOI is
not an adequate screening tool for the identification of intellectual giftedness for
primary-aged students in the school district. This may indicate use of the KOI is
not an adequate screening device for other populations as well. / Graduation date: 1994
Date02 May 1994
CreatorsVaughn-Neely, Elizabeth I.
ContributorsMcEwan, Barbara
Source SetsOregon State University
Detected LanguageEnglish

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