Metropolitan Manila is the national capital and premier urban region of the Philippines. Within this region, the city of Manila is recognized as the historic core of both Metro Manila and the Philippines. It was also the colonial capital under more than three centuries of Spanish rule and four decades of American administration. Its geographic location and historical background had fostered unique dynamics in the genealogy and evolution of its urban form. This thesis aims to provide multi-faceted knowledge of urban development in Manila by augmenting the study of morphology with political, economic and social aspects of its history. In line with its purposes, this thesis begins by formulating a theoretical framework through which the myriad factors and forces that had shaped the urban form can be organized; such that trends or patterns of development can be inferred and superimposed upon physical development. The thesis continues with the study of protohistoric Manila and the beginning of indigenous communities in the area. This is followed by an in-depth examination of Spanish colonial Manila from its founding in 1565 until it was ceded to the United States in 1898. The evolution of Spanish Manila is classified under three phases of urban growth and development, as defined by dominant factors and forces during those times. The study then investigates American colonial Manila, its developing characteristics, and colonial policies that attempted to reshape the built environment. At the end of the American regime, Metro Manila was an expanding semi-circular urban area anchored in physical form by the Spanish walled city of Intramuros, and in economic function by the commercial hub of Binondo. History presents the urban evolution of Manila as physical manifestations of constant conflicts and compromises among foreign interests, colonial forces, contextual factors, and indigenous traits. Consequently, these historical struggles also instigated pervasive trends in land use and urban growth that have catalyzed the region’s development into the Metro Manila that exists today.
|Creators||Chao Yu-Hsien, 趙于嫻|
|Contributors||Kwan Hwa-San, 關華山|
|Source Sets||National Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations in Taiwan|
|Type||學位論文 ; thesis|
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