We study the superfluid transition of weakly interacting Bose gases, classical fields and related systems in two dimensions, where it is a Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless transition, and in three dimensions, where it is a U(1) transition accompanied by the onset of Bose-Einstein condensation. We show that for small interaction strength U, these systems can be described by a :Ψ:4 model based on classical complex fields and we establish universal behavior among systems of different microscopical details, such as classical and quantum, continuous and lattice. By numerical simulations of the classical lattice field, using Worm Algorithm, we solve all relevant thermodynamical functions of this system, which are density, condensate density (in 3D), superfluid density and quasi-condensate. Through universality considerations, we can translate these results to all systems which can be described by a :Ψ:4 model based on a classical complex field. Our results cover the fluctuation region and extend into mean field and critical region, where we connect them to results of mean field theory and renormalization group theory respectively. We also establish that the quasicondensate, which exists in two and three dimensions, is a basis for a more accurate mean field theory treatment than the condensate, which exists only in three dimensions.
|01 January 2005
|Ruebenacker, Oliver A
|University of Massachusetts, Amherst
|Doctoral Dissertations Available from Proquest
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