A generic scenario of a crossover between weak-coupling and strong-coupling limits of a many-body quantum system is studied. Powerful numerical methods of investigating the strongly correlated regime are developed and applied to answering a number of important questions of the strongly correlated fermions physics. The internal structure of an exciton in an insulating medium is studied throughout the crossover between the (analytically solvable) strong- and weak-coupling limits. In the intermediate regime, accurate results for the exciton ground state are obtained and used to establish the limits of applicability of the corresponding limiting cases for the first time. A novel combination of the diagrammatic determinant Monte Carlo and the worm algorithm is developed and used for investigating the unitarity regime of the BEC-BCS crossover via simulating the dilute Fermi-Hubbard model. Superfluid phase transition and thermodynamic properties of the normal state are characterized for both lattice fermions and continuum unitary Fermi gas. The relation to current experiments with trapped ultracold quantum gases is discussed.
|01 January 2007
|University of Massachusetts, Amherst
|Doctoral Dissertations Available from Proquest
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