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Ice navigation with ice compressionin the Gulf of Finland

<p>Safe winter navigation is a hot topic. Not only is the traffic density increasing but theenvironmental considerations are also getting bigger. An oil leakage from a big oiltanker can be of catastrophic proportions in the wrong area and more trafficincreases the risk of an accident. A project that aims for safer winter navigation isSafeWIN. The aim of this project is to develop a forecasting system for compressiveice and thus make winter navigation safer.This thesis is part of above mentioned project and aims to investigate what influenceice compression and ice class has on winter navigation. Vessels are exclusivelyAFRAMAX size tankers sailing on Primorsk in the Gulf of Finland during 2006. Transitdata comes from AIS tracks recorded by the Swedish Maritime Administration. Adatabase with tanker transits has been created and this information is the source forthe studies in this thesis. Included in the database are wind data, ice particulars andtransit information such as speed, and time at different activities during the transit.Average values for a transit has been investigated for comparison and to get a pictureof an average transit.Velocity, waiting time and time with assisting icebreaker are parameters that arebelieved to show how a tanker performs in winter navigation. These parameters arecompared with ice compression and ice class separately to see if there is acorrelation. Ice compression has also been investigated for correlation towards windforce to see if stronger wind generates stronger compression.Using the velocity in different ice compressions an estimate of ice resistance that stemfrom ice compression has been extracted by means of Lindqvist’s formula.</p>
Date January 2010
CreatorsBerg, Niklas
PublisherUppsala University, Division of Systems and Control
Source SetsDiVA Archive at Upsalla University
Detected LanguageEnglish
TypeStudent thesis, text
RelationUPTEC F, 1401-5757 ; 10049

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