The study of symmetries is an essential tool in modern physics. The analysis of symmetries is often carried out in the form of Lie algebras and their representations. Knowing the representation theory of a Lie algebra includes knowing how tensor products of representations behave. In this thesis two methods to study and decompose tensor products of representations of non-compact Lie algebras are presented and applied to sl(2,R). We focus on products containing non-unitary representations, especially the product of a unitary highest weight representation and a non-unitary finite dimensional. Such products are not necessarily decomposable. Following the theory of B. Kostant we use infinitesimal characters to show that this kind of tensor product is fully reducible iff the sum of the highest weights in the two modules is not a positive integer or zero. The same result is obtained by looking for an invariant coupling between the product module and the contragredient module of some possible submodule. This is done in the formulation by Barut & Fronsdal. From the latter method we also obtain a basis for the submodules consisting of vectors from the product module. The described methods could be used to study more complicated semisimple Lie algebras.
|Publisher||Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, fysik och matematik|
|Source Sets||DiVA Archive at Upsalla University|
|Type||Student thesis, info:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesis, text|
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