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Tonic immobility and effects of early stress on chickens (Gallus gallus)

Tonic immobility, TI, is an innate fear response in many vertebrate animals, induced by brief physical restraint. It is a widespread theory that chickens (Gallus gallus) reared under stressful conditions react stronger in tonic immobility tests, i.e. stay still and lay still for a longer period of time, than individuals reared under more stress-free conditions. In our study we attempted to see if stressful conditions early in life (temporary isolation from the flock on a daily basis) had any effect on how the individuals handled the stressful and fear-evoking experience of tonic immobility tests. A total of 77 chickens of the HyLine strain of White Leghorn were used. Three sets of tests were performed; first at the hatchery facility at Linköpings universitet; second after a stressful experience – the moving to the Wood-Gush facility at Vreta jordbruksgymnasium; and a random sample with about half of the birds the third time, also at Vreta. The results were inconclusive, but pointed more in the direction of the early-in-life stress having no effect on TI tests rather than the other way around.
Date January 2010
CreatorsHjelm, Jonas
PublisherLinköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi
Source SetsDiVA Archive at Upsalla University
Detected LanguageEnglish
TypeStudent thesis, info:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesis, text

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