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An Archaeology of Tanzanian Coastal Landscapes in the Middle Iron Age (6th to 15th centuries AD)

This study seeks insights into the peoples and traditions of the Tanzanian coast during the 61h to 151h century through the application of archaeological survey and excavation techniques in the vicinity of the two important trading centres of Kaole and Kilwa. It adopts a maritime cultural landscape perspective, an approach that has seen very limited previous application to the East African coast, despite the central role played by the sea in the development of its port settlements and exploitation of its resources. Six themes are covered, namely the identification of coastal settlement sites and establishment of their chronology; recognition of principal phases in settlement development; exploitation of maritime resources and economy; identification of settlement location in relationship to the physical environment of the coast; establishment of the hierarchical nature of coastal settlement; and recognition of the principal harbour and port types. The coastal communities exploited their marine location as basis for iron making, fishing, shellfish gathering and coral extraction (for building and lime making) with some agriculture and trade activity, the latter involving imported goods particularly in the larger settlements of Kaole in late 151 millennium and Kilwa from 13lh century. Some communities were culturally homogenous throughout the period, though diversity was apparent at Kilwa in the 6th to 10th century with presence of huntergatherers and/or the Pastoral Neolithic in addition to iron production
Date January 2007
CreatorsPollard, Edward John David
PublisherUlster University
Source SetsEthos UK
Detected LanguageEnglish
TypeElectronic Thesis or Dissertation

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