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An investigation of the impact of Amelogenesis Imperfecta (AI) on children and adolescents

Background: Amelogenesis Imperfecta (AI) is an inherited dental condition affecting enamel, which can result in significant tooth discolouration and enamel breakdown, requiring lifelong dental care. The possible impact of this condition on children and young adults is not known. Aims and Objectives: The aim of the study was to explore the impact of AI on children and young adults through in-depth interviewing and subsequent Framework Analysis. The information derived from this was then used to construct a questionnaire. Methods: This research comprised of two parts, combining qualitative and quantitative methodology, in order to develop a questionnaire to distribute to a large cohort of AI patients. The first part involved semi-structured in-depth interviews with 7 AI patients and common themes and concepts were then identified using Framework Analysis. The second part of the study was the development of a questionnaire based on the themes and subthemes identified from part one of the research. This questionnaire was then distributed to 61 AI patients mixed between three cohorts of AI patients: pre, mid, and post-treatment. Results: Children and adolescents with AI exhibited concerns regarding the aesthetics and function of their dentition. Patients also expressed a high level of concern regarding comments by other people and self consciousness associated with this. A small number of AI patients highlighted the effect of their dental treatment and health on their personal life. Conclusion: The results indicate that there are marked impacts on children and young adults as a result of AI. These include aesthetics, function, and psycho-social aspects.
Date January 2012
CreatorsAlmehateb, M.
PublisherUniversity College London (University of London)
Source SetsEthos UK
Detected LanguageEnglish
TypeElectronic Thesis or Dissertation

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