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Multi-resource approach to asynchronous SoC : design and tool support

As silicon cost reduces, the demands for higher performance and lower power consumption are ever increasing. The ability to dynamically control the number of resources employed can help balance and optimise a system in terms of its throughput, power consumption, and resilience to errors. The management of multiple resources requires building more advanced resource allocation logic than traditional 1-of-N arbiters posing the need for the efficient design flow supporting both the design and verification of such systems. Networks-on-Chip provide a good application example of distributed arbitration, in which the processor cores needing to transmit data are the clients; and the point-to-point links are the resources managed by routers. Building fast and smart arbiters can greatly benefit such systems in providing efficient and reliable communication service. In this thesis, a multi-resource arbiter was developed based on the Signal Transition Graph (STG) development flow. The arbiter distributes multiple active interchangeable resources that initiate requests when they are ready to be used. It supports concurrent resource utilization, which benefits creating asynchronous Multiple-Input-Multiple- Output (MIMO) queues. In order to deal with designs of higher complexity, an arbiter-oriented design flow is proposed. The flow is based on digital circuit components that are represented internally as STGs. This allows designing circuits without directly working with STGs but allowing their use for synthesis and formal verification. The interfaces for modelling, simulation, and visual model representation of the flow were implemented based on the existing modelling framework. As a result, the verification phase of the flow has helped to find hazards in existing Priority arbiter implementations. Finally, based on the logic-gate flow, the structure of a low-latency general purpose arbiter was developed. This design supports a wide variety of arbitration problems including the multi-resource management, which can benefit building NoCs employing complex and adaptive routing techniques.
Date January 2011
CreatorsGolubcovs, Stanislavs
PublisherUniversity of Newcastle upon Tyne
Source SetsEthos UK
Detected LanguageEnglish
TypeElectronic Thesis or Dissertation

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