The shrinking dimensions of silicon microcircuits have reached the point where the vertical and lateral features are comparable in size. The consequence can be seen in each aspect of the manufacture of devices. The 2D layout of the physical routing becomes a convoluted maze when put into fabrication. The diminishing dimensions have focused greater attention on the edge effects since these play a proportionately greater role in the device performance. The consequences of the edge interactions can be categorised into two sections: those on the silicon surface and those on the subsequent layers. The MOS transistor is directly impacted by the silicon surface profile. A fundamental parameter is the transistor width, which until recently has received little attention. This thesis correlates the different definitions commonly used, and investigates the impact of the individual processing parameters on the surface topography and consequently on the transistor width. Different measurement techniques are used and a novel extraction process is proposed. The weakness of the current generic electrical extraction technique is exposed and recommendations made to overcome this. Further work on SEM sample preparation and processing is presented.
|Publisher||University of Edinburgh|
|Source Sets||Ethos UK|
|Type||Electronic Thesis or Dissertation|
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