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Fault detection in rotating machinery using acoustic emission

Rotating machinery is a critical asset of industrial plants worldwide. Bearings and gearboxes are two of the most common components found in rotating machinery of industrial plants. The malfunction of bearings and gearboxes lead the machine to fail and often these failures occur catastrophically leading to personnel injuries. Therefore it is of high importance to identify the deterioration at an early stage. Among the techniques applied to detect damage in rotating machinery, acoustic emission has been a prevalent field of research for its potential to detect defects at an earlier stage than other more established techniques such as vibration analysis and oil analysis. However, to reliably detect the fault at an early stage de-noising techniques often must be applied to reduce the AE noise generated by neighbouring components and normal component operation. For this purpose a novel signal processing algorithm has been developed combining Wavelet Packets as a pre-processor, Hilbert Transform, Autocorrelation function and Fast Fourier transform. The combination of these techniques allows identification of g repetitive patterns in the AE signal that are attributable to bearing and gear damage. The enhancement for early stage defect detection in bearings and gears provided by this method is beneficial in planning maintenance in advance, reducing machinery down-time and consequently reducing the costs associated with bearing breakdown. The effectiveness of the proposed method has been investigated experimentally using seeded and naturally developed defects in gears and bearings. In addition, research into the optimal Wavelet Packet node that offers the best de-noising results has been performed showing that the 250-750 kHz band gives the best SNR results. The detection of shaft angular misalignment using Acoustic Emission has been investigated and compared with acceleration spectra. The results obtained show enhancements of AE in detection shaft angular misalignment over vibration analysis in SNR and stability with varying operational conditions.
Date January 2015
CreatorsFerrando Chacon, Juan Luis
ContributorsBalachandran, W.
PublisherBrunel University
Source SetsEthos UK
Detected LanguageEnglish
TypeElectronic Thesis or Dissertation

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