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Remembering traumatic pasts : memory and historiophoty in fiction and factual films from the 2000s that represent the Chilean Popular Unity, Coup d'├ętat, and dictatorship (1970-1990)

In the light of current political changes in Chile, this thesis evaluates how the Chilean traumatic past (particularly the period of the Popular Unity government 1970-1973 and the subsequent military dictatorship 1973-1990) has been represented in fictional and factual films produced iIi the second stage of the transition to democracy (2000 - 2010). After systematising all the trauma films into one corpus, a selection of the most relevant films produced between 2000 and today are analysed through a methodology that combines Film Studies and History. The interdisciplinary approach proposes four meeting points between film and history to study memory and historiophoty in the films: Mise-en-scene as a representation of material culture and space, cinematography through documents and points of view, sound and silence as non-verbal testimonies, and lastly, discussing montage through historical and narrative times. Throughout the social and textual analysis of the films, tendencies on memory and historiophoty were revealed. The results of these analyses can be divided in two. Regarding memory, there is a continuation of Steve Stern's classical categorisations, albeit new memories that have arisen. Particularly, regarding frustration about the construction of contemporary society and more importantly, of sons and daughters of the dictatorship. A further tendency is to represent the right wing in a way that problematises their role in the traumatic events, rather than simply judging. Regarding historiophoty, the corpus evidences how film has managed to change the valence of the 'official memory' and include counter hegemonic retrovisions into the cultural capital of the nation. The combination of trauma, memory, history, cinema, and aesthetics has never been achieved before for the Chilean case and through this novel work an intrinsic connection between the traumatic times and visual culture is provided. Thus, this thesis contributes to deepen the construction of citizenship in Chile.
Date January 2014
CreatorsBossay, C.
PublisherQueen's University Belfast
Source SetsEthos UK
Detected LanguageEnglish
TypeElectronic Thesis or Dissertation

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