Return to search

High repetition rate temperature and velocity imaging in turbulent flows using thermographic phosphors

Turbulent flows involving heat transfer and chemical reactions are prevalent in a huge range of applications such as combustors and engines, boilers, and heating and cooling devices. Directly measuring important variables using laser-based techniques has significantly contributed to our understanding of the underlying flow physics. However, many flows of interest exhibit infrequent or oscillatory behaviour, such as flame extinction or instabilities in thermal boundary layers. Capturing the flow dynamics requires simultaneous, two-dimensional temperature and velocity measurements at sampling rates commensurate with turbulent timescales. Typically this means measuring many thousands of temperature and velocity fields per second, yet there are no high repetition rate diagnostics for temperature imaging in practical, oxygen-containing systems, with the essential capability of simultaneous velocity measurements. This thesis presents a novel laser-based imaging technique based on thermographic phosphor particles. There are a huge variety of thermographic phosphors, which are solid materials with luminescence properties that can be exploited for remote thermometry. Here, phosphor particles are seeded into the flow as a tracer. An appropriate phosphor must be selected, and the particle size chosen so that the particle temperature and velocity rapidly assume that of the surrounding fluid. The particles are probed using high-speed lasers and their luminescence and scattering signals are detected using high-speed cameras to measure the flow temperature and velocity at kHz repetition rates. The development of this method is described in detail. Using the thermographic phosphor BAM:Eu, examples of simultaneous time-resolved measurements are presented in turbulent air flows between 300 and 500 K, consisting of a heated jet (Re = 10,000) and also a flow behind a heated cylinder (Re = 700). The technique permits kHz-rate temperature imaging in oxygen-containing environments. These combined diagnostics currently provide a unique capability for the investigation of transient, coupled heat and mass transfer phenomena in turbulent flows of practical engineering importance. A second objective of this work is to improve the precision of the temperature measurement. The characterisation of a different thermographic phosphor with a high temperature sensitivity, zinc oxide (ZnO), is also reported. Temperature imaging using these tracer particles is demonstrated in a jet (Re = 2,000) heated to 363 K, with a temperature precision of 1%. This extends the capabilities of this versatile technique toward the study of flows with small temperature variations. Also, unlike the majority of phosphors previously investigated for thermometry, this phosphor is a semiconductor. Exploiting the temperature-dependent luminescence of this class of materials presents interesting new opportunities for remote temperature sensing.
Date January 2014
CreatorsAbram, Christopher
ContributorsBeyrau, Frank
PublisherImperial College London
Source SetsEthos UK
Detected LanguageEnglish
TypeElectronic Thesis or Dissertation

Page generated in 0.0027 seconds