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A novel multispectral and 2.5D/3D image fusion camera system for enhanced face recognition

The fusion of images from the visible and long-wave infrared (thermal) portions of the spectrum produces images that have improved face recognition performance under varying lighting conditions. This is because long-wave infrared images are the result of emitted, rather than reflected, light and are therefore less sensitive to changes in ambient light. Similarly, 3D and 2.5D images have also improved face recognition under varying pose and lighting. The opacity of glass to long-wave infrared light, however, means that the presence of eyeglasses in a face image reduces the recognition performance. This thesis presents the design and performance evaluation of a novel camera system which is capable of capturing spatially registered visible, near-infrared, long-wave infrared and 2.5D depth video images via a common optical path requiring no spatial registration between sensors beyond scaling for differences in sensor sizes. Experiments using a range of established face recognition methods and multi-class SVM classifiers show that the fused output from our camera system not only outperforms the single modality images for face recognition, but that the adaptive fusion methods used produce consistent increases in recognition accuracy under varying pose, lighting and with the presence of eyeglasses.

Identiferoai:union.ndltd.org:bl.uk/oai:ethos.bl.uk:720692
Date January 2017
CreatorsWilliams, William
PublisherBirkbeck (University of London)
Source SetsEthos UK
Detected LanguageEnglish
TypeElectronic Thesis or Dissertation
Sourcehttp://bbktheses.da.ulcc.ac.uk/272/

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