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Stochastic epidemic models on random networks : casual contacts, clustering and vaccination

There has been considerable recent interest in models for epidemics on networks describing social contacts. This thesis considers a stochastic SIR (Susceptible - Infective - Removed) model for the spread of an epidemic among a population of individuals, with a random network of social contacts, that is partitioned into households and in which individuals also make casual contacts, i.e. with people chosen uniformly at random from the population. The behaviour of the model as the population tends to infinity is investigated. A threshold parameter that governs whether or not the epidemic with an initial infective can become established is obtained, as is the probability that such an outbreak occurs and, if so, how large it will become. The behaviour of this model is then compared to that of a finite population using Monte Carlo simulations. The effect of the different transmission routes on the final outcome of an epidemic and the effect of introducing social contacts and clustering to the network on the performance of various vaccination strategies are also investigated.

Identiferoai:union.ndltd.org:bl.uk/oai:ethos.bl.uk:734377
Date January 2017
CreatorsDavis, Ben
PublisherUniversity of Nottingham
Source SetsEthos UK
Detected LanguageEnglish
TypeElectronic Thesis or Dissertation
Sourcehttp://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/47272/

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