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Methods for handling measurement error and sources of variation in functional data models

The overall theme of this thesis work concerns the problem of handling measurement error and sources of variation in functional data models. The first part introduces a wavelet-based sparse principal component analysis approach for characterizing the variability of multilevel functional data that are characterized by spatial heterogeneity and local features. The total covariance of the data can be decomposed into three hierarchical levels: between subjects, between sessions and measurement error. Sparse principal component analysis in the wavelet domain allows for reducing dimension and deriving main directions of random effects that may vary for each hierarchical level. The method is illustrated by application to data from a study of human vision. The second part considers the problem of scalar-on-function regression when the functional regressors are observed with measurement error. We develop a simulation-extrapolation method for scalar-on-function regression, which first estimates the error variance, establishes the relationship between a sequence of added error variance and the corresponding estimates of coefficient functions, and then extrapolates to the zero-error. We introduce three methods to extrapolate the sequence of estimated coefficient functions. In a simulation study, we compare the performance of the simulation-extrapolation method with two pre-smoothing methods based on smoothing splines and functional principal component analysis. The third part discusses several extensions of the simulation-extrapolation method developed in the second part. Some of the extensions are illustrated by application to diffusion tensor imaging data.
Date January 2015
CreatorsCai, Xiaochen
Source SetsColumbia University
Detected LanguageEnglish

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